Social Studies WASSCE 2012

1. Which of the following is not a feature of democratic government?

A. constitution
B. decree
C. human rights
D. rule of laws

2. The process of bringing together people from different ethnic groups of live as one people is termed

A. nation-building
B. constitutional rule
C. political emancipation
D. territorial integrity

3. Which of the following statements is an advantage of an autocratic leadership?

A. during periods of emergency,decisions are taken quickly
B. morale of followers rise to a very high level
C. there is a conducive atmosphere under which followers work
D. followers participate in the decision-making process

4. A leader’s responsibilities include all the following except

A. maintaining law and order
B. planning and implementing policies
C. maintaining external relations with other groups
D. satisfying all the needs of the followers

5. A characteristic of traditional government is that

A. the council of Elders are well paid
B. the chief practices dictatorship
C. there is no organized opposition
D. offenders are not punished

6. Separation of powers is always associated with

A. the rule of law
B. checks and balances
C. decentralization
D. delegated legislation

7. In the Ghanaian society,all marriages begin with

A. religious rites
B. court registration
C. bridal feast
D. customary rites

8. Marriage is a means of

A. acquiring wealth
B. giving birth to healthy children
C. determining one’s profession
D. promoting social cohesion

9. Which of th following practices is endorsed by both Islamic and Traditional religions?

A. showing reverence to ancestors
B. showing reverence to the gods
C. marrying more than one wife
D. burying the dead with ornaments

10. The marriage arrangement in which the couple settle together in their own house is

A. neolocal
B. duolocal
C. matrilocal
D. patrilocal

11. The development of self-concept begins when one

A. joins a social group
B. accepts his/her peculiar nature
C. avoids peer pressure
D. attains school going age

12. According to Maslow’s theory of needs, freedom from fear and anxiety is classified under

A. social needs
B. safety needs
C. physiological needs
D. self-actualization needs

13. The sum of a person’s physical and psychological characteristic constitute his/her

A. charisma
B. psyche
C. development
D. personality

14. One characteristic of people who achieve self-actualization is that they

A. seek self-recognition
B. accept all views
C. stick to their belief
D. excel in academic work

15. Inferiority complex can best be described as

A. low self-concept
B. self-isolation
C. feeling insecure
D. societal neglect

16. All the following practices constitute substance abuse except

A. taking hard drugs
B. taking unprescribed drugs
C. smoking and drinking excessively
D. taking prescribed drugs

17. The agent responsible for socialization within the family is the

A. church
B. school
C. media
D. mother

18. Primary socialization takes place in the

A. school
B. family
C. community
D. church

19. The Ghanaian traditional belief which undermines the stability of the family and society, and impedes national development is the belief in

A. ancestors
B. life after death
C. deities
D. witchcraft

20. Which of the following statements is not a reason for celebrating festivals in Ghana?

A. marking the beginning of traditional year
B. settling family disputes and misunderstanding
C. commemorating the migration of an ethnic group
D. remembering and mourning the death

21. Increase deforestation in Ghana will result in

A. improved habitat for animals
B. high atmospheric humidity
C. changes in climatic conditions
D. improved farming activities

22. Which of the following gases released during the burning of forest cover,contributes to global warming?

A. Nitrogen
B. Nitric oxide
C. Carbon dioxide
D. Oxygen

23. Which of the following human activities has a positive impact on the environment?

A. Agro-forestry
B. Bush burning
C. Lumbering
D. Hunting

24. One negative effect of urbanization on the extended family system in Ghana is the

A. increase in childlessness
B. increase in family expenditure
C. promotion of unhealthy rivalry
D. break in famiy cohesion

25. The spread of sexual transmitted diseases [STDs] among adolescents can best be prevented if they

A. receive regular vaccination
B. avoid promiscuous behavior
C. undergo frequent medical check-up
D. avoid shaking hands with infected persons

26. The importance of chastity before marriage is that it ensures

A. good educatin for the children
B. trust between husband and wife
C. eradication of financial difficulties
D. the birth of healthy children

27. Formal education in Ghana has helped in

A. exposing some outmoded cultural practices
B. increase urban-rural migration
C. increasing the rate of population growth
D. contributing to increase environmental degradation

28. The main objective of anti-bush fire campaign is to

A. inform people about when to set fire to bushes
B. compensate bushfire victims
C. educated people to desist from practices leading to fire outbreaks
D. expose fire volunteers and squads to firefighting methods

29. Ghana’s labour force consists of

A. people between eighteen and sixty years
B. the whole population
C. people who are actively employed
D. students in tertiary institutions

30. Family planning is designed by governments mainly to

A. weaken some traditional religious beliefs
B. control the population growth rate
C. cut down public expenditure
D. reduce their country’s population

31. One of the social problems Ghana is likely to experience if the population continues to grow rapidly is

A. negative ethnic sentiments
B. general poverty
C. religious conflicts
D. discrimination against women

32. The golden lion at the centre of the Coat of Arms of Ghana represents the country’s link with the

A. Commonwealth
B. United Nations
C. African Union
D. NOn-Aligned Movement

33. To promote national identity,it is important to

A. provide avenues for social mobility
B. protect the young generation
C. ensure high living standards
D. maintain a strong cultural heritage

34. Which of the following factors can be regarded as a threat to the national integration effort?

A. upholding the cultural values of the people
B. adopting of a common language
C. encouragement of ethnocentrism
D. encouragement of inter-ethnic marriages

35. What a shareholder of a company receives as a profit is termed

A. debenture
B. dividend
C. payment
D. interest

36. A country is described as sovereign when

A. the citizens enjoy fundamental human rights
B. foreigners can live in the country
C. it is not controlled by an external power
D. it has good international relationship

37. Which of the following statements is not an advantage of foreign aid to Ghana?

A. faster rate of socio-economic development
B. promotion of science and technology
C. improvement in infrastructural facilities
D. increase in the value of the local currency

38. In multilateral co-operation,

A. several countries work together
B. two countries help each other
C. one country tries to dominate others
D. one country depends on others

39. A benefit Ghana derives from her membership of the Commonwealth of Nations is

A. education and training
B. stabilization of the local currency
C. effective supervision of the civil service
D. legal representation at international court of justice

40. Members of the Commonwealth of Nations were once governed by

A. Canada
B. Great Britain
C. Germany
D. Portugal

41. The main objective of economic integration among countries is to

A. attain self-sufficiency
B. increase trade among members
C. accelerate agricultural development
D. restrict trade between members and non-members

42. One factor militating against government’s efforts to promote science and technology in Ghana is

A. the conservative nature of some Ghanaians
B. the promotion of new scientific technology in farming
C. the awareness of technological advances
D. stocking every school with science equipments

43. Ghana is unable to apply science and technology extensively because

A. science and technology are difficult fields
B. of weak policy direction on technical education
C. of lack of institutions to carry out experiments
D. the curriculum of most schools are Arts based

44. The term utilization is best explained as

A. effective use of resources
B. improvement in the quality of life
C. sharing ideas with colleagues
D. process of growth of industries

45. The main natural resources for human survival are

A. land, water and salt
B. land, water and air
C. land, air and salt
D. land, water and petroleum

46. Human resources are not properly utilized in Ghana mainly because of

A. poor infrastructural facilities
B. political instability
C. inadequate manpower development policies
D. lack of inventiveness

47. Ghana has not been able to exploit her natural resources fully due to

A. high rate of inflation
B. excessive bureaucracy
C. lack of technical know-how
D. high rate of population growth

48. Ghana’s socio-economic development can be enhanced through

A. positive attitude to work
B. reliance on foreign aid
C. the setting up of several retail shops
D. increased importation of foreign goods

49. When workers develop positive work ethics, it results in

A. the workers sharpening their skills
B. greater profits for the business
C. recruitment of more labour
D. less labour disputes

50. The problem of unemployment in the Ghanaian society can be minimized by

A. providing entrepreneurial training
B. discouraging rural-urban migration
C. discouraging early marriage
D. shortening the duration of education

51. The sector which employs the largest percentage of Ghana’s labour force is

A. banking
B. mining
C. agriculture
D. manufacturing

52. Cash sales are recorded in the

A. Sales Day Book
B. Cash Book
C. Purchase Day Book
D. Return Inward Book

53. The document used for receiving all goods bought on credit is the

A. Credit Cash Book
B. Sales Journal
C. Purchase Journal
D. Return Inward Book

54. The utilization of scientific knowledge for the benefit of humankind is known as

A. production
B. productivity
C. technology
D. construction

55. The keeping of woodland to protect water sources, game and wildlife is called

A. agro-forestry
B. permanent cultivation
C. forest reserve
D. plantation farm

56. Which of the following business organization is most common in Ghana?

A. partnership
B. sole proprietorship
C. limited liability company
D. state owned corporation

57. Caring for one’s biological children for them to become useful citizens in society is referred to as

A. socialization
B. parenting
C. parenthood
D. counseling

58. The key factor in the exploitation of natural resources in Ghana is the

A. payment of higher wages and salaries
B. establishment of more labour offices
C. importation of machinery
D. training of skilled manpower

59. Co-operative organizations are owned and managed by

A. the people who work in it
B. the government
C. district assemblies
D. the largest shareholder

60. One who owns and controls a business is known as

A. an entrepreneur
B. a broker
C. a salesman
D. a partner

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