Social Studies WASSCE 2012 NOV/DEC Private

1. A constitution is important for a country because it

A. allows the government to exercise absolute power
B. serves as the basis for good government
C. defends the country against external aggression
D. makes the country self-reliant

2. The imposition of curfew limits mainly the individual’s freedom of

A. movement
B. worship
C. ownership
D. association

3. A characteristic of a buoyant economy is high

A. mortality rate
B. standard of living
C. birth rate
D. level of illiteracy

4. The body responsible for protecting people’s rights against all forms of abuse is the

A. Children’s Right International
B. Commission on Human Rights and Administration Justice
C. National Media Commission
D. National Commission for Civic Education

5. A leadership style which is highly coercive and intolerant of opposing views is

A. autocratic
B. democratic
C. laissez-faire
D. paternalistic

6. The doctrine that no two government powers are entrusted into the same hands is known as

A. the rule of law
B. checks and balances
C. separation of powers
D. democratic rule

7. In a democratic governance, power is balanced to ensure that

A. individual’s rights are not trampled upon
B. wealth is distributed equally
C. the electoral system can satisfy the ruling party
D. majority interest can be catered for

8. Irresponsible parenting is on the increase in developing countries due to

A. abject poverty
B. illiteracy
C. widowhood
D. immigration

9. In the Ghanaian society, the fundamental aim of naming a child is to

A. present the baby with gifts
B. introduce the baby to water for the first time
C. make ancestors continue to have links with the baby
D. recognize the baby as a full member of the society

10. One consequence of breakdown of marriages in the Ghanaian society is

A. brain drain
B. high infant mortality rate
C. excessive quest for wealth
D. increase in streetism

11. In Ghana, marriage can be classified by the

A. residence of the couple
B. family background of the couple
C. process of courtship
D. size of audience at the marriage

12. Which of the following influences one’s personality?

A. capability
B. environment
C. self-identity
D. traits

13. Knowledge of oneself helps the individual to

A. get the best employment
B. win national award
C. relate and interact with other people
D. appreciate other people’s views

14. Organized relationships and interactions among a group of people constitute their

A. culture
B. behavioural pattern
C. religion
D. social environment

15. Which of the following is the main cause of environmental degradation in Ghana?

A. Scientific activities
B. Natural phenomenon
C. Biological activities
D. Human activities

16. Mechanisms of social control are meant to

A. ensure conformity of law and customs
B. encourage responsible parenting
C. discourage rural-urban migration
D. discourage adolescent chastity

17. The process in which and individual learns a new lifestyle and discards his family’s values and customs is known as

A. culture-dynamic
B. reciprocal socialization
C. re-socialization
D. societal diffusion

18. The most important agent of socialization in the Ghanaian traditional society is the

A. church
B. school
C. parents
D. mass media

19. Values that govern the behaviour of people in a particular society are know as

A. beliefs
B. norms
C. rites
D. traditions

20. Which of the following socio-cultural practices infringes on the rights to the individual in the Ghanaian society?

A. Chieftaincy
B. Festivals
C. Funeral rites
D. Trokosi system

21. One of the reasons for having many children in traditional Ghanaian society is that, they

A. link parents to ancestors
B. bring about celebration of naming ceremonies
C. are used for community work
D. bestow honour on the parents

22. Female genital mutilation must be condemned in Ghana mainly because it

A. creates difficulty getting a partner
B. is associated with a particular ethnic group
C. goes against fundamental human rights
D. confines the individual to a particular location

23. The gradual reduction in the quality of the physical environment as a result of human and natural activities is referred to as

A. decongestion
B. deforestation
C. degradation
D. desertification

24. A family which cares for an abandoned child is known as

A. an extended family
B. a nuclear family
C. a family of procreation
D. an adoptive family

25. Family life education is important for the adolescent because it

A. promotes culture of reading
B. makes them socially knit
C. promotes responsible parenthood
D. enhances their understanding of national issues

26. Peer groups socialize their members through

A. direct teaching
B. informal teaching
C. non-formal teaching
D. systematic teaching

27. Which of the following practices is environmentally friendly?

A. Burning of fossil fuel
B. creation of fetish groves
C. periodic bush burning
D. use of chemical for fishing

28. Which of the following factors is not associated with population growth in Ghana?

A. Economic growth
B. increase in crime wave
C. pressure on land
D. pressure on social amenities

29. One effect of rural-urban migration on rural communities in Ghana is

A. growth of rural industries
B. collapse of rural industries
C. improvement in standard of living
D. rapid growth of rural population

30. Which of the following conditions can cause a change in the size of Ghana’s population

A. Birth rate
B. Geographical mobility
C. Occupational mobility
D. Rural-urban migration

31. Governments conduct population census mainly to

A. determine the international organization to join
B. determine the per capita income
C. plan the allocation of resources
D. divide the country into constituencies

32. Which of the following cultural elements can bind Ghanaians together?

A. Architecture
B. Music and dance
C. Mode of dressing
D. Marriage

33. The bringing together of all individuals and their cultural units in the country is termed

A. nationalism
B. social allegiance
C. national integration
D. social co-operation

34. Low productivity of Ghanaian workers is attributed to

A. lack of storage facilities
B. lack of supervision
C. decrease in population
D. decrease in the volume of exports

35. A benefit Ghana can derive from her membership of the African Union is

A. the development of nuclear capabilities
B. the sustenance of free movement with colonial allies
C. the enjoyment of friendship with other nations
D. longer tenure for political rulers

36. Which of the following is not a requirement for progress and development of the community?

A. individuals having dual citizenship
B. people caring for one another
C. individuals performing their roles
D. people performing communal labour

37. The association comprising mainly of Britain and her former colonies is the

A. league of nations
B. commonwealth of Nations
C. North Atlantic Treaty Organization
D. Non-Aligned Movement

38. In which of the following ways has science and technology negatively affected mankind?

A. invention of weapons of war
B. the use of hook and line in fishing
C. reduction in the use of traditional farming implements
D. the use of storage facilities

39. All the following can help improve the standard of living in Ghana except

A. changing negative attitudes
B. good banking and saving habits
C. making education accessible to all
D. depending on family members

40. One factor hindering economic development in Ghana is

A. shortage of labour
B. shortage of food
C. poor entrepreneurial abilities
D. poor climatic conditions

41. One effect of negative work attitudes in Ghana is

A. lack of job satisfaction
B. reduction in labour turnover
C. reduction in production cost
D. reduction of profit

42. The best way of dealing with conflicts in the workplaces is through

A. violent demonstration
B. dialogue
C. the use of arms
D. strikes

43. In Ghana, the sole proprietor can source for finance in all the following ways except

A. sale of shares
B. trade credit
C. loans from commercial banks
D. ploughing back profits

44. One purpose of setting up public corporations in Ghana is to

A. create employment for party members
B. meet the requirements of donor agencies
C. provide essential services to the public
D. generate income for government officials

45. Which of the following elements is not a characteristic of culture? it is

A. dynamic
B. inherited
C. learned
D. universal

46. In most Ghanaian societies, widowhood rites entail

A. fasting and prayers
B. seclusion of the widow
C. wearing of the deceased’s clothes
D. the widow inheriting the deceased

47. The type of marriage in which the couple continues to live separately in their own homes after marriage is

A. duolocal
B. matrilocal
C. neolocal
D. patrilocal

48. The term physical environment refers to the

A. living organisms and their surroundings
B. political and economic surroundings
C. culture and social surrounding of human beings
D. interacting of living organisms

49. Which of the following is not a means by which the private entrepreneur can sustain his/her business?

A. having a huge amount of capital
B. applying a huge amount of capital
C. maintaining a high quality product
D. separating personal accounts from business account

50. A merit of sole proprietorship is

A. enjoying of flexibility in operation
B. enjoyment of limited liability
C. raising funding on the stock market
D. separation of management and control

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