Social Studies WASSCE 2011

1. One disadvantage of the extended family system is that it

A. may breed laziness among some member
B. increases rural-urban drift
C. fails to promote collective responsibility
D. encourages immoral behavior among members

2. The most important function of a leader in a group is

A. distributing resources to its members
B. making every member rich
C. providing direction and motivation to members
D. encouraging members to sing his or her praise

3. One characteristics of written constitution is that it is

A. difficult to interpret
B. difficult to amend
C. kept at the supreme court
D. defended only by the president

4. It is necessary for the individual to know himself/herself in order to

A. be admired by others
B. become very popular
C. be invited to social gathering
D. relate better with others

5. Which of the following is a physiological need in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory?

A. Love and affection
B. shelter and food
C. Honour and safety
D. Security and law

6. Societal problems such as indiscipline, streetism and armed robbery are mostly associated with

A. broken home
B. societal pressure
C. lack of formal education
D. extended family system

7. An acceptable way of doing things that have evolved from experience is

A. rule of law
B. constitution
C. regulation
D. convention

8. Privileges enjoyed by an individual because of his or her membership of a state are referred to as

A. duties
B. freedom
C. dignity
D. rights

9. Which of the following best describes fundamental human rights?

A. which are natural to man
B. which the laws allow
C. provided by a president
D. provided by a chief justice

10. The leadership style that grants complete freedom to followers is

A. democratic
B. autocratic
C. laissez-faire
D. paternalistic

11. Which of the qualities would you expect from a traditional ruler?

A. Timidity
B. Tolerance
C. Sadism
D. Arrogance

12. Stools and skins of traditional rulers are symbols of their

A. wisdom
B. wealth
C. strength
D. authority

13. Which of the following is a feature of a democratic governance?

A. Rule by decree
B. Press censorship
C. Periodic election
D. abolition of chieftaincy

14. In a democratic system of government, policies are formulated by the

A. executive
B. legislature
C. media
D. judiciary

15. The basic purpose of marriage in he Ghanaian society is to

A. gain public recognition
B. satisfy sexual urge
C. provide companionship
D. enhance the image of the man

16. A matrilocal marriage implies that couple live

A. in the compound of the man’s father
B. with the wife’s family
C. in their respective homes
D. in the compound of the wife’s uncle

17. A person who fail to appreciate himself is said to have a poor

A. socialization
B. orientation
C. education
D. self-image

18. For an individual to be integrated into the society, one must be

A. socialized
B. motivated
C. counseled
D. trained

19. Which of the following activities of man will improve our physical environment?

A. tree planting
B. surface mining
C. bush burning
D. sand winning

20. One way by which someone can become a member of a family is

A. adoption
B. initiation
C. naturalization
D. registration

21. The role of the family as a socializing agency has been reduced by

A. religion
B. the law court
C. urbanization
D. informal education

22. Adolescent chastity can best be promoted in the Ghanaian society by

A. exposing the youth to sex education and counseling
B. establishing single sex educational institutions only
C. instituting family planning services in schools
D. conferring national awards on faithful couples

23. The period of growth and transition from childhood to adulthood is known as

A. puberty
B. formation
C. adolescence
D. development

24. Parenthood starts when

A. orphanages are established
B. pregnancy is confirmed
C. marriage is contracted
D. other children join the family

25. Irresponsible parenthood is on the increases in the Ghanaian society because of

A. high mortality rate
B. economic hardship
C. frequent changes in government
D. influence of foreign culture

26. Formal education in Ghana has made little impact on social change because

A. there is too much emphasis on technical stills
B. it is too bookish in nature
C. the period of education is too short
D. tertiary institutions are few

27. The extensive use of wood as the main source of energy can lead to

A. afforestation
B. re-afforestation
C. deforestation
D. pollution

28. Urbanisation in Ghana will be more beneficial when

A. urban population grows at a faster rate
B. rural-urban migration is stopped
C. fertility levels decline in urban areas
D. enough jobs are created in the urban areas

29. One factor contributing to rapid urbanization in Ghana is

A. high rate of rural-urban drift
B. high mortality rate in rural areas
C. high rate of natural growth among urban population
D. increase accommodation in urban areas

30. Ethnicity refers to the

A. feeling of belonging to a youth group
B. identification of the various ethnic group
C. honour one enjoys by contributing to his ethnic group
D. feeling of identity with one particular ethnic group

31. Which of the following is not true about culture?

A. it gives a group of people a unique identity
B. it serves an unifying force to the people
C. Different cultures are able to co-exist
D. it becomes extinct with the death of a traditional ruler

32. The bringing together of individuals and their various cultural traits to think and behave as one people is known as

A. national integration
B. common aspiration
C. societal allegiance
D. national upliftment

33. The development of a community in Ghana can succeed mainly through

A. the collective efforts of its members
B. the decisions of its opinion leaders
C. members working in partnership with government
D. the use of foreign experts

34. In Ghana, productivity in the private sector is higher than that of the public sector because

A. the private sector has more resources
B. there are better welfare conditions in the private sector
C. there are more experts in the private sector
D. supervision is more regular in the private sector

35. The co-operation between Ghana and Nigeria can be described as

A. multinational
B. bilateral
C. multilateral
D. regional

36. The main objective of economic integration of countries is to

A. increase trade among members
B. achieve a balanced growth in member countries
C. restrict trade between members and non-members
D. accelerate agricultural development

37. The Economic Community of West African States[ECOWAS] was set up primarily to

A. form one government in West Africa
B. raise an army to help maintain peace in the sub-region
C. facilitate trade among member countries
D. mobilize foreign aid for development in the sub-region

38. The contribution of the youth to national development is very minimal because they

A. prefer to live in urban centres
B. do not have sufficient capital
C. do not accord elders the needed respect
D. are being marginalized by the aged

39. The process through which human ingenuity,creativity and scientific knowledge is used to satisfy human need is

A. technology
B. conservation
C. development
D. experimentation

40. Any form of material available of society for the production of goods and services is a/an

A. tool
B. resource
C. output
D. occupation

41. Which of the following is not a natural resource?

A. Coal
B. Natural gas
C. petroleum
D. Hydro-electricity

42. Man-made materials used for the production of goods and services are referred to as

A. human resource
B. capital resource
C. natural resource
D. primary resource

43. Ghana has not been able to tap most of her natural resources due to the

A. conflict with foreign investors
B. existence of taboos and prohibitions
C. distant location of the resource
D. lack of technological know-how

44. The most appropriate means of meeting the skilled manpower needs of Ghana is by

A. employing more foreign experts
B. increasing the salaries and wages of workers
C. making the educational system vocationally and technically oriented
D. providing incentives to workers regularly

45. The best way to improve the quality of life in Ghana is to

A. provide basic social amenities
B. increase wages of workers
C. import more foreign goods into the country
D. give more incentives to workers

46. When a nation’s per capital income increases without reflecting in the lives of the people,

A. social development
B. industrialization
C. economic growth
D. capital growth

47. A country which depends largely on imported consumer goods

A. experiences balance of payment surplus
B. experience balance of payment deficit
C. establishes more labour intensive industries
D. increases her foreign exchange reserves

48. Which of the following is a secondary economic activity?

A. Banking
B. Mining
C. Fishing
D. Baking

49. The low standard of living in Ghana is general caused by

A. high dependency burden
B. existence of many distributors of goods
C. lack of entrepreneurial skills
D. poor attitude to work

50. The most common business organization in Ghana is

A. state enterprise
B. co-operative
C. partnership
D. sole proprietorship

51. A business organization which makes it possible for the entrepreneur to enjoy limited liability is

A. partnership
B. sole proprietorship
C. co-operative societies
D. joint stock company

52. The main source of finance to the small-scale entrepreneur in Ghana is

A. trade credits
B. personal savings
C. loans from bank of Ghana
D. inheritance from parents

53. Large scale agriculture in Ghana is hampered by

A. poor soil condition
B. lack of labour supply
C. bad weather condition
D. cumbersome land tenure system

54. The systematic process of analyzing, recording and summarizing business transaction over a period is called

A. Cash book
B. Book-keeping
C. Balance sheet
D. Trail balance

55. The most important factor that has hindered sustainability of development projects in Ghana is

A. the existence of superstitious beliefs
B. lack of maintenance culture
C. increase civil demonstrations
D. the preference for foreign goods and services

56. A type of non-formal social control mechanism is

A. songs of ridicule
B. industrial schools
C. the police service
D. the tribunal system

57. The head of the nuclear family is the

A. grandfather
B. uncle
C. father
D. brother

58. Which of the following Ghanaian symbols incorporates the eagle?

A. National flag
B. State sword
C. Coat of Arms
D. Independence Arch

59. Which of th following is regarded as outmoded in the Ghanaian society?

A. funeral rites
B. widowhood rites
C. Puberty rites for girls
D. Naming babies on the eight day

60. The benefit Ghana derives from sustained growth and development is

A. saving of funds for other purposes
B. decrease in ethnic tensions
C. improvement in multi-party democracy
D. continued membership international organisations

[WpProQuiz 57]