Social Studies BECE 2008

APRIL 2008
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. The primary reason for the arrival of the British to the Gold Coast was to

A. trade in spices
B. trade in gold
C. rule the people
D. evangelize

2. According to oral tradition, the Ga-Adangbe migrated from

A. Eastern Nigeria
B. Western Nigeria
C. Western Sudan
D. Central Sudan

3. The first missionaries to introduce secondary education in Ghana were the

A. Wesleyan
B. Catholic
C. Basel
D. Breman

4. Which of the following is a duty of a citizen?

A. Joining a religious group
B. Helping the Police financially
C. Paying taxes for development
D. Giving free medical care

5. The meeting of warm air mass and cold air mass causes

A. cyclonic rainfall
B. relief rainfall
C. torrential rainfall
D. convectional rainfall

6. Peaceful coexistence among the ethnic groups in Ghana is important for

A. population growth
B. increasing government revenue
C. reducing crime in society
D. sustainable development

7. Which of the following was established to find the causes of the 1948 riots?

A. Coussey Committee
B. Justice Annan Committee
C. Watson Committee
D. Bourne Committee

8. The main reason for the transatlantic slave trade was that

A. the trans-Saharan trade had declined
B. trade in gold was no longer profitable
C. Red Indians could not work on plantations
D. cheap labour was needed on American plantations

9. Which of the following is used to teach good morals in a traditional society?

A. Story telling
B. Court music
C. Funeral dirges
D. Talking drums

10. The practice of multiparty democracy in Ghana tends to promote

A. sufficiency
B. ethnicity
C. stability
D. dependency

11. The basic institution that helps an individual to learn the moral values of the society is the

A. media
B. family
C. church
D. school

12. Which of the following cities does not experience the Mediterranean type of climate

A. Accra
B. Tunis
C. Tripoli
D. Cape Town

13. In Ghana, state-owned enterprises are important because they

A. make a lot of profit
B. employ a majority of the labour force
C. produce all the goods for society
D. provide vital goods and services

14. A set of rules by which a country is governed is referred to as

A. international law
B. bye-laws
C. constitution
D. manifesto

15. The human resource of a country refers to the

A. members of parliament only
B. skills of trade unions
C. skills of workers and management
D. members of local councils only

16. The longest latitude is known as the

A. Equator
B. Arctic Circle
C. Tropic of Cancer
D. Tropic of Capricorn

17. Which of the following is a tertiary economic activity

A. Weaving
B. Quarrying
C. Farming
D. Banking

18. Rocks which are formed in layers are called

A. gneiss
B. sedimentary
C. igneous
D. metamorphic

19. Barometer is an instrument for measuring

A. atmospheric pressure
B. temperature
C. wind speed
D. wind direction

20. The main purpose of the Bond of 1844 was to

A. establish British rule
B. resist British rule
C. eliminate ethnic conflict
D. eliminate human sacrifice

21. The efficiency of labour can be increased if one

A. reports to work early
B. has a good supervisor
C. uses appropriate technology
D. works for longer hours

22. Which of the following types of rocks is suitable for road construction?

A. Slate
B. Marble
C. Granite
D. Quartzite

23. One major cause of poverty in Ghana is

A. low productivity
B. poor health facilities
C. small labour force
D. corruption

24. The last Governor-General left the country when Ghana

A. joined the United Nations
B. joined the Commonwealth
C. became independent
D. became a republic

25. What type of vegetation is associated with cold deserts?

A. Steppe
B. Tundra
C. Prairie
D. Coniferous

26. The moon is a satellite of

A. Jupiter
B. Mars
C. Earth
D. Mercury

27. The District Assemblies perform all the following except to

A. build school blocks
B. build markets
C. maintain feeder roads
D. construct trunk roads

28. Peaceful coexistence among individuals in a society can be promoted through

A. reconciliation
B. socialization
C. sympathy
D. patriotism

29. Which of the following natural resource is being over-exploited in Ghana?

A. Mineral
B. Water
C. Timber
D. Sand

30. Kobine is a festival celebrated at

A. Yendi
B. Lawra
C. Wa
D. Bolgatanga

31. The state supports private businesses because they

A. make a lot of profit
B. organize trade fairs
C. produce essential goods
D. pay taxes for development

32. An individual whose rights have been infringed upon seeks justice from the

A. court
B. police
C. president
D. military

33. The time in Accra on longitude 0° is 8 am. What is the time in Cairo on longitude 30°E ?

A. 9 am
B. 10 am
C. 11 am
D. 12 noon

34. The Cape Coast castle is a valuable national asset because it promotes

A. trade
B. education
C. tourism
D. civilization

35. The main work of members of parliament under Ghana‟s 1992 Constitution is to

A. draw a manifesto
B. execute laws
C. interpret laws
D. make laws

36. Ghana cooperates with other nations mainly to

A. ensure her political stability
B. develop her national trade
C. maintain internal peace
D. maintain international peace

37. Which of the following constitutes human rights abuse?

A. Child labour
B. Sex trade
C. Truancy
D. Favouritism

38. “Positive Action” proposed by Nkrumah in 1949 was a call for

A. hard work and honesty
B. cooperation with the British
C. national strike and boycott
D. national unity

39. The area with the highest amount of rainfall in Ghana is

A. Cape Coast
B. Koforidua
C. Kumasi
D. Axim

40. Laws made by the District Assemblies are called

A. bye-laws
B. decrees
C. ordinance
D. bills

SOLUTIONS
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. B. trade in gold
2. A. Eastern Nigeria
3. C. Basel
4. C. Paying taxes for development
5. A. cyclonic rainfall
6. D. sustainable development
7. C. Watson Committee
8. D. cheap labour was needed on American plantations
9. A. Story telling
10. C. stability
11. B. family
12. A. Accra
13. D. provide vital goods and services
14. C. constitution
15. C. skills of workers and management
16. A. Equator
17. D. Banking
18. B. sedimentary
19. A. atmospheric pressure
20. D. eliminate human sacrifice
21. C. uses appropriate technology
22. D. Quartzite
23. A. low productivity
24. D. became a republic
25. A. Steppe
26. C. Earth
27. D. construct trunk roads
28. B. socialization
29. C. Timber
30. B. Lawra
31. D. pay taxes for development
32. A. court
33. B. 10 am
34. C. tourism
35. D. make laws
36. D. maintain international peace
37. A. Child labour
38. C. national strike and boycott
39. D. Axim
40. A. bye-laws

ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.

Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY
Answer one question only from this part
1.
(a) Give four reasons why the transatlantic slave trade continued for a long time.
(b) State four negative effects of the slave trade on West Africa
2.
(a) Mention four sources of revenue to the District Assemblies in Ghana
(b) Outline four contributions of the District Assemblies to the development of your area

PART II
OUR ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part
3.
(a) Explain four ways in which tourism contributes to the economy of Ghana.
(b) State four ways in which tourism can be promoted in Ghana.
4.
(a) Mention any four causes of urbanization
(b) State four effects of urbanization

PART III
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Answer one question only from this part
5.
(a) What is productivity
(b) In which four ways can productivity be increased in Ghana?
6.
(a) What is private enterprise?
(b) Outline any four roles the Government of Ghana could play to promote private enterprise.

APRIL 2008
SOCIAL STUDIES 2
SOLUTIONS

ESSAY
PART I
GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY

7.

(a) Reasons why the transatlantic slave trade continued for a long time.
(i) The labour provided by the slaves was very valuable, and yet, very cheap
(ii) The African chiefs were not ready to lose the lots of money they were making from the slave trade.
(iii) The Africans were not united and hence could not come together to oppose the slave trade.
(iv) The Red Indians who were also working on the plantations and in the mines were not enough to do all the work.
(v) The slave trade was very lucrative for the Europeans and the African middlemen.
(vi) There was always a high demand for the slaves in the South American mines
(vii) The African slaves, and Africans in general, did not know their rights.
(viii) The desire of some chiefs and their kingdoms to conquer other kingdoms made them continue the trade, so that they could obtain guns and gunpowder for their plans.
[any four]

(b) Negative effects of the slave trade on West Africa
(i) It caused the dispersion of Africans to various parts of the world.
(ii) Africans lost the respect of the Europeans, when they realised that Africans did not respect themselves (as they fought to capture slaves).
(iii) It brought about insecurity, chaos and anarchy in the communities as hundreds of youth were captured as slaves.
(iv) It led to several incidence of broken homes as families lost their children to slave raiders
(v) It made Africans lose confidence in themselves
(vi) It brought about the introduction of cruel treatment generally
(vii) Africa lost a huge population – of over 200 million
(viii) There was a huge loss of active manpower (human resource), as the traders took away the stronger and more able persons.
[any four]

8.

(a) Sources of revenue to the District Assemblies in Ghana
(i) Property rates
(ii) Districts assembly common fund
(iii) Licences fees
(iv) Loans / grants
(v) Royalties
(vi) Tolls (charges) for commercial activities
(vii) Court fines
(viii) Government grants
(ix) Income generation ventures / campaigns
(x) Donations from NGOs
[any four]

(b) Contributions of the District Assemblies to the development of your area
(i) Provision of civic education in the communities
(ii) Planning and development of the district
(iii) Construction and maintenance of certain social amenities such as market, drains, schools, feeder roads, etc
(iv) Maintenance of law and order, by provision of law courts and the making and enforcement of by-laws to maintain peace and stability.
(v) Collection of refuse and general maintenance of sanitation in the communities
(vi) Human Resource development – Training staff of the assembly
(vii) Assisting with the education of needy students, by offering scholarships and sponsorships.
[any four]

PART II
OUR ENVIRONMENT
9.

(a) Ways in which tourism contributes to the economy of Ghana.
(i) Foreign exchange earner for Ghana
– The nation earns a lot of foreign exchange from the tourism industry through payment of fees, fares, duties, etc, in foreign currencies by tourists who come into the country.
(ii) Source of revenue to the government of Ghana.
– Ghana earns a great deal of revenue from tourism through payment of income tax, import duties, Value Added Tax (VAT), royalties, levies, etc. by Hotels, Restaurants, Tourist site operators, Airlines, etc.
(iii) Tourist sites promotes the development of communities
The location of tourist sites sometimes causes the development of certain social amenities close to it eg, the construction of roads to the site, the drawing of electricity / water to the community, etc. These are done to make tourists feel more comfortable and hence attract more tourists.
(iv) Source of employment
– Tourism provides employment directly and indirectly to various kinds of people. Examples of such people are tour guides, security men, hotel workers, airport staff, airline workers, etc
(v) Promotes environmental preservation
– When certain natural resources such as forest reserves, game parks, waterfalls, lakes, etc, are uses as tourist attraction sites, they are preserved / maintained. This promotes a healthy and preserved natural environment.
(vi) Helps to attract foreign investors into the country
– When tourists come into the country, they may identify sectors of the economy which they might consider investing in.
(vii) Gives a boost to the local artefacts industry
– Tourists who come into the country usually buy locally made artefacts as souvenirs. The high patronage of the artefacts provide income to the producers as well as advertise Ghana in their home countries
[any four]

(b) Ways in which tourism can be promoted in Ghana.
(i) Good and proper maintenance of our tourist sites.
(ii) Provision of excellent social amenities in the communities in which the tourist sites are located
(iii) Effective advertisement / publicity of tourist destinations in Ghana in foreign / international media
(iv) Improving customer relations at tourists user places, such as airports, hotels, restaurants, transport services, tour sites, etc
(v) Making sure there is adequate security at tourists user places
(vi) Empowering the Ghana Tourist Board to do more in promoting tourism
(vii) Effective training of the human resource in the tourism industry
[any four]

10.

(a) Causes of urbanization
(i) Better infrastructure /social amenities –
(ii) More employment or job opportunities
(iii) Prestige – desire to raise one‟s social status
(iv) Better educational opportunities
(v) Greater commercial activity
(vi) Industrialization
(vii) High rate of population growth
[any four]

(b) Effects of urbanization
(i) Increase in streetism
(ii) Creation of slums
(iii) Increased environmental degradation
(iv) Increased cost of living
(v) Reduced access to social amenities
(vi) Increase in criminal activities
(vii) Increased unemployment rate
(viii) Reduced economic productivity
(ix) Traffic jams (both human and vehicular)
[any four]

PART III
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

11.

(a) Productivity
The ratio of production output to production input.
Or
The ratio of production output to what is required to produce it (inputs).
Or
The goods or services produced within a given time in relation to available materials and labour.

(b) Ways by which productivity can be increased in Ghana
(i) Employing workers with the right training, knowledge, skills and attitudes.
(ii) Ensuring the correct use of efficient working tools
(iii) Applying current / modern methods of production
(iv) Providing regular in-service training and refresher courses for workers.
(v) Motivating workers with various incentives, such as, awards/rewards, scholarships for further studies
(vi) Paying fair wages and salaries to workers
(vii) Ensuring effective and regular supervision, monitoring, assessment and evaluation.
(viii) Making sure that the working environment is comfortable and conducive for work
(ix) Financial institutions should be more willing to offer more credit facilities for establishment and expansion of businesses
(x) Codes of ethics at workplaces must be studied and applied regularly
(xi) Ensuring effective management and administration
(xii) Effective planning and implementation
[any four]

12.

(a) Private enterprise
An enterprise that is set up and managed by a private individual or group

(b) Roles the Government of Ghana could play to promote private enterprise.
(i) Granting tax holidays to new businesses.
(ii) Organizing training seminars/ workshops for the managements and staff of private enterprises
(iii) Granting subsidies on raw materials / services used by the private enterprises
(iv) Discouraging the importation of similar goods which are produced by private enterprises
(v) Sponsoring local private enterprises to participate in trade fairs – both home and abroad
(vi) Helping with the advertising of their products / services.
(vii) Facilitating acquisition of credit facilities from financial institutions by guaranteeing for them
(viii) Granting approval / endorsements of products that meet the required quality standards.
(ix) Empowering governmental institutions that assist the private sector., such as NBSSI and GIPC
[any four]