Social Studies BECE 2007

APRIL 2007
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. Peace, as one of the reasons for the migration of our ancestors to modern Ghana, cannot be sustained, if we promote

A. ethnic conflict
B. ethnic integration
C. western democracy
D. western education

2. The original home of the Dagbon people is the area around

A. Benin
B. Kumbi Saleh
C. Lake Chad
D. Il-Ife

3. The Trans-Atlantic trade was discredited with the sale of

A. gold
B. slaves
C. textiles
D. muskets

4. The colonization process in the Gold Coast included all but one of the following:

A. agreements
B. persuasion
C. force
D. trade

5. Before World War 1, Togoland was a colony of

A. France
B. Germany
C. Britain
D. Portugal

6. Which town is regarded as the spiritual home of the Fantes?

A. Abeadzi
B. Ajumako
C. Saltpond
D. Mankesim

7. The first Europeans to arrive at Elmina in the fifteenth century were the

A. Portuguese
B. Danes
C. Dutch
D. British

8. Fetu Afahye is celebrated by the people of

A. Anomabu
B. Elmina
C. Cape Coast
D. Winneba

9. The first secondary school to be established in Ghana is

A. Achimota School
B. Saint Augustine‟s College
C. Mfantsipim School
D. Adisadel College

10. A major source of air pollution in the cities of Ghana is

A. fumes from cars
B. burning of rubbish
C. Use of pesticides
D. odours from gutters

11. Democracy refers to the government of

A. the rich citizens
B. few wise people
C. traditional rulers
D. the people

12. Who presides over debates in the Parliament of Ghana? The

A. clerk
B. chief whip
C. majority leader
D. speaker

13. The most economical way to dispose of domestic and industrial waste is

A. sieving
B. burning
C. recycling
D. dumping

14. One example of an outmoded cultural practice in Ghana is

A. circumcision of male children
B. circumcision of female children
C. customary marriage
D. outdooring of newborn babies

15. The shared values which will promote unity among Ghanaians is

A. loyalty
B. humility
C. hospitality
D. tolerance

16. Which of the following rock types is formed in layers?

A. Sandstone
B. Marble
C. Clay
D. Granite

17. The type of rainfall which is mostly experienced in mountainous areas is

A. frontal rainfall
B. relief rainfall
C. cyclonic rainfall
D. conventional rainfall

18. The highest judicial officer in Ghana is the

A. Chief Justice
B. Ghana Bar Association President
C. Supreme Court Judge
D. Inspector General of Police

19. Which of the following minerals is not mined in Ghana?

A. Diamond
B. Gold
C. Potassium
D. Bauxite

20. The belief in witchcraft is based on

A. logic
B. research
C. science
D. superstition

21. One of the advantages of a good layout is that

A. it allows for tall buildings
B. floods are controlled
C. streets are made durable
D. hygiene is assured

22. Which country lies West of Ghana?

A. Cote d‟Ivoire
B. Togo
C. Senegal
D. Nigeria

23. The highest point in the Akwapim-Togo ranges is

A. Djebobo
B. Torogbani
C. Afadjato
D. Ayegbadje

24. Productivity in Ghana can be increased through the use of

A. more labour force
B. modern technology
C. more storage facilities
D. force by supervisors

25. Which of the following is the lowest level of decentralization in Ghana?

A. District Assemblies
B. Regional Coordinating Council
C. Area Committee
D. Unit Committee

26. The vegetation found in the northern part of Ghana is called

A. savanna
B. rain forest
C. coastal scrub
D. mangrove swamp

27. A map is drawn to the scale of 1:1,000,000. Find the actual distance between two towns, Dogo and Daga which are 5.5 cm apart.

A. 5 kilometres
B. 5.5 kilometres
C. 50 kilometres
D. 55 kilometres

28. One of the ways of ensuring sustainable development is to

A. encourage subsistence agriculture
B. encourage religious worship
C. increase public holidays
D. protect public property

29. Which of the following institutions of government protects the liberty and rights of the people? The

A. legislature
B. police
C. executive
D. judiciary

30. Which of the following is a human resource?

A. Labour
B. Land
C. Capital
D. Timber

31. The territorial waters of Ghana are protected by the

A. Air force
B. Police
C. Navy
D. Immigration Service

32. Longitude 0° is referred to as the

A. Tropic of Cancer
B. Tropic of Capricorn
C. Equator
D. Greenwich Meridian

33. Ghana makes great contributions to the United Nations Organization (UNO) through

A. the sale of cocoa
B. peace-keeping
C. the provision of funds to the refugees
D. prompt payment of dues

34. Which of the following Ghanaian rivers does not flow into the sea?

A. Afram
B. Ankobra
C. Densu
D. Pra

35. Which of these economic products is found in the savanna zone?

A. Timber
B. Cocoa
C. Plantain
D. Cotton

36. When Ghana co-operates with neighbouring countries, it results in

A. democratic rule
B. loss of cultural identity
C. friendly relations
D. changes in land tenure system

37. When the wet bulb and the dry bulb thermometers at the weather station record the same reading it means the air is

A. saturated
B. dry
C. condensed
D. warm

38. The revolution of the earth results in

A. day and night
B. eclipse of the moon
C. eclipse of the sun
D. the four seasons

39. National development can be sustained when it involves the

A. foreign donors
B. citizens of the country
C. rich few in society
D. officials from the World Bank

40. Primary production contributes to the development of Ghana in two of the following ways:

I. supplies raw materials
II. provides services for manufacturing
III. ensures the flow of money for trading
IV. provides employment for many people

A. I and II only
B. II and III only
C. I and IV only
D. III and IV only

SOLUTIONS
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. A. ethnic conflict
2. C. Lake Chad
3. B. slaves
4. D. trade
5. B. Germany
6. D. Mankesim
7. A. Portuguese
8. C. Cape Coast
9. C. Mfantsipim School
10. A. fumes from cars
11. D. the people
12. D. speaker
13. C. recycling
14. B. circumcision of female children
15. D. tolerance
16. A. Sandstone
17. B. relief rainfall
18. A. Chief Justice
19. C. Potassium
20. D. superstition
21. B. floods are controlled
22. A. Cote d‟Ivoire
23. C. Afadjato
24. B. modern technology
25. D. Unit Committee
26. A. savanna
27. D. 55 kilometres
28. D. protect public property
29. D. judiciary
30. A. Labour
31. C. Navy
32. D. Greenwich Meridian
33. B. peace-keeping
34. A. Afram
35. D. Cotton
36. C. friendly relations
37. A. saturated
38. D. the four seasons
39. B. citizens of the country
40. C. I and IV only

ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY
Answer one question only from this part
1.
(a) Outline any four reasons for the coming of the early Europeans into West Africa
(b) What four effects did the coming of the Europeans have on the people?
2.
(a) Give four reasons why Ghana should be self-reliant
(b) State four measures that can make Ghana self-reliant

PART II
OUR ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part
3.
(a) Name three types of rainfall experienced in Ghana
(b) Describe how any one of the rainfall types is formed
4.
(a) Identify four sources of superstitious beliefs in Ghana
(b) Outline four effects of superstition on the social and economic development of Ghana

PART III
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Answer one question only from this part
5.
(a) Mention four natural resources of a country.
(b) In what four ways can the natural resources of Ghana be exploited and used more efficiently?
6.
Use the figures in the table below to answer the questions that follow
(a) Calculate, showing working:
(i) the total population
(ii) the percentage of the population that is supported by the working population.
(b) State any four effects of this age distribution on development in Ghana.

APRIL 2007 SOCIAL STUDIES 2
SOLUTIONS
ESSAY
PART I
GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY

1.

(a) Reasons for the coming of the early Europeans into West Africa
(i) To evangelize – spread Christianity
(ii) To trade in gold, salt, spices, guns, etc
(iii) To explore West African
(iv) To exploit our natural resources, such as gold, diamond, bauxite and manganese
(v) To expand their territories / colonies.
(vi) To introduce formal education in West Africa
(vii) To expand the market for their products
(viii) To obtain raw materials for their industries
[any four]

(b) Effects the coming of the Europeans had on the people?
Positive Effects
(i) Introduction of formal education by the establishment of schools and colleges
(ii) Introduction of currency notes and coins as the medium of exchange to replace the barter system.
(iii) The spread of Christianity
(iv) The introduction of the formal legal system to maintain law and order
(v) The establishment of clinics and hospitals
(vi) The development of alphabet for local languages, writing and reading.
(vii) The introduction of improved farming methods for higher yield
(viii) The improvement / development of architecture
(ix) The creation of tourist sites
(x) The development of better infrastructure, eg, roads, railway lines, harbour, etc

Negative Effects
(xi) Changes in our cultural system
(xii) Over-dependence on the colonial masters
(xiii) Loss of national identity
(xiv) Exploitation of our natural resources
(xv) The loss of active manpower through the Trans-Atlantic slave trade
(xvi) Loss of respect and dignity of Africans
(xvii) Mental slavery – inability of directing our own affairs
(xviii) Collapse of local / traditional industries
[any four]

2.

(a) Reasons why Ghana should be self-reliant
(i) To maintain her sovereignty as an independent state
(ii) To prevent indiscriminate exploitation of our natural resources by foreigners
(iii) To save / reserve our foreign exchange
(iv) To create an enabling environment for local enterprises to succeed
(v) To improve the balance of trade
(vi) To encourage indigenous problem-solving spirit
(vii) To create favourable environment for human resource development
[any four]

(b) Measures that can make Ghana self-reliant
(i) Cultivating an attitude of self-belief – ability to manage our own affairs.
(ii) Promoting the patronage of locally made goods and services (made-in-Ghana goods)
(iii) Depending on local experts for problem-solving
(iv) Adding value to our primary sector products – processing our raw materials to finished or semi-finished products
(v) The government cutting down the budget / public expenditure (living within our means)
(vi) Widening the tax net to increase locally generated revenue
(vii) Investing heavily in the continuous training of our human resource
(viii) Eliminating or drastically reducing bribery and corruption
(ix) Increasing the import duty on foreign goods
(x) Managing our resources efficiently
(xi) Giving room for greater private sector involvement in our economy
[any four]

PART II
OUR ENVIRONMENT

3.

(a) Types of rainfall experienced in Ghana
(i) Convectional
(ii) Relief or orographic
(iii) Cyclonic or frontal

(b) How the rainfall types are formed

(i) Convectional
 Warm water vapour rises (evaporates) from the surfaces of land and water bodies when they are heated.
 The water vapour rises higher and higher into the atmosphere.
 The higher it rises, the cooler it becomes.
 When it gets into the upper layers of the atmosphere, it condenses to form cumulus clouds.
 The cumulus clouds develop into cumulus congestus then into cumulonimbus clouds when cooling continues
 The cumulonimbus clouds condense further and fall as rain
 (Convectional rain is usually accompanied by thunder and lightning)

(ii) Relief Or Orographic
 Air mass / wind blows towards a highland / mountain
 The air mass is forced upwards on the windward side
 The rising air cools (adiabatic cooling) and condenses to form cumulus clouds
 The cumulus clouds develop into cumulus congestus then into cumulonimbus clouds as cooling continues
 The cumulonimbus clouds condense further and fall as rain
 The rain is heavier on the windward side than on the leeward side.

(iii) Cyclonic Or Frontal
 Two air masses (one warm, the other cold) meet and form a front.
 The warmer air rises over the colder air, since it is lighter /has lower density
 As the warm air continues to rise, it cools and condenses to form cumulus clouds
 The cumulus clouds develop into cumulus congestus then into cumulonimbus clouds as cooling continues
 The cumulonimbus clouds condense further and fall as rain
[any one]

4.

(a) Sources of superstitious beliefs in Ghana
(i) Folktales
(ii) Spiritualists, eg, fetish priests, mallams, prophets, etc
(iii) Taboos
(iv) Myths
(v) African / horror movies
(vi) Dreams / visions / trances
(vii) Personal supernatural occurrences
[any four]

(b) Effects of superstition on the social and economic development of Ghana
Positive Effects
(i) They help to facilitate safety of the community
(ii) They help to inculcate acceptable social habits in the society
(iii) They help to uphold law and order
(iv) They support the preservation of the environment
(v) They help to maintain personal hygiene
Negative Effects
(vi) They discourage scientific advancement and technology
(vii) They generate conflicts among members of the community
(viii) They create intense and unreasonable fear in the community
(ix) They slow down development / progress in the community
(x) They sometimes permit abuse of one‟s human rights
(xi) They create suspicions among persons in a community
(xii) They discourage creativity concerning innovative solutions to societal problems
[any four]

PART III
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

5.

(a) Natural resources of a country.
(i) Water bodies, eg, rivers, sea, lakes, streams, lagoons, etc
(ii) Relief features, eg, mountains, hill, ridges, etc
(iii) Minerals, eg, gold, diamond, bauxite, crude oil, salt
(iv) Vegetation, eg, rain forest, grassland, etc
(v) Animal resources, eg, lion, fishes, birds, insects, etc
(vi) Land – earth crust
[any four]

(b) Ways the natural resources of Ghana can be exploited and used more efficiently?
(i) Legislation – making and enforce laws to guide the appropriate exploitation of resources
(ii) Using modern technology / tools for exploration and exploitation
(iii) Encouraging local use and processing of exploited resource
(iv) Quality manpower training – Providing quality training / education of human resource for the exploitation of natural resource.
(v) Adding value to the natural resources
(vi) Conservation / replenishment of exploited natural resource, wherever possible. Eg, reforestation (planting more trees to replace ones cut down)
(vii) Good maintenance of equipment used for exploitation of resource
(viii) Ensuring the use of approved methods for exploitation.
[any four]

6.
(a) Calculations, showing working:
(i) the total population
= 9,825,600 + 7,728,000 + 846,400
= 18,400,000

(ii) the percentage of the population that is supported by the working population.
= 58 %

(b) Effects of this age distribution on development in Ghana.
(i) Great financial burden on working population due to high dependency ratio
(ii) Low per-capita income, which amounts to poverty
(iii) High government expenditure on non-working population (0-17 and 60 +)
(iv) Generally low savings and investments
(v) Low revenue to the government, due to low working population, and therefore less taxes, levies, tolls, etc, come to government
(vi) High Inflation
(vii) Slow pace of development of the country
[any four]