Social Studies BECE 2005

APRIL 2005
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. The Trans-Atlantic slave trade increased in volume because of the

A. opening of more goldmines in South Africa
B. greater use of machines in factories in Europe
C. demand for labour in America and Brazil
D. revolt of the slaves in West Indies

2. Which of the following values ensures peaceful co-existence among ethnic groups in Ghana?

A. Kindness
B. Tolerance
C. Loyalty
D. Hospitality

3. The Akan originally settled in the basin of River

A. Pra
B. Ankobra
C. Densu
D. Volta

4. A constitutional obligation which ensures peace and harmony in Ghana is for the citizens to

A. arrest criminals
B. pay their taxes
C. attend communal labour
D. be law-abiding

5. The location of an object measured in degrees is known as

A. cardinal point
B. bearing
C. landmark
D. survey beacon

6. Which of the following is an abuse of human rights in Ghana?

A. Assisting the police during investigation
B. Freedom from arrest and detention
C. Pledging young people for money
D. Being a member of a religious group

7. The Mole-Dagbon ethnic group migrated from

A. the northern part of Mauritania
B. the southern part of Mali
C. east of lake Chad
D. west of Senegal

8. Ethnic conflicts must be avoided because they slow down

A. urban to rural migration
B. rural to urban migration
C. tribal integration
D. economic growth

9. The first castle school opened in Ghana was at

A. Cape Coast
B. Elmina
C. Osu
D. Komenda

10. Which of the following factors encourages rural-urban migration in Ghana?

I. Fewer job opportunities in rural areas
II. Fertile soils in the rural areas
III. High prices of farm produce
IV. Higher educational institutions in urban centres

A. I and II only
B. II and III only
C. II and IV only
D. I and IV only

11. The direction of Yendi from Tamale on map of Ghana is towards the

A. North
B. South
C. East
D. West

12. Which mineral is mined in the basin of River Birim in Ghana?

A. Gold
B. Diamond
C. Bauxite
D. Manganese

13. Ghanaian culture can be made dynamic in the rural areas through

A. non-formal education
B. social interaction
C. informal education
D. formal education

14. Which of the following are rights of a citizen in Ghana?

I. Protection of one‟s life
II. Payment of taxes
III. Protection of public property
IV. Personal liberty

A. I and II only
B. I and III only
C. I and IV only
D. II and III only

15. At the district level, an assemblyman is equivalent to a

A. minister
B. judge
C. parliamentarian
D. lawyer

16. The poll to determine whether British Togoland should join Ghana or not is known as

A. referendum
B. general election
C. plebiscite
D. electoral college

17. An important town in the Sudan Savanna zone of Ghana is

A. Bawku
B. Kintampo
C. Axim
D. Accra

18. In which of the following highlands is the River Volta gorge located?

A. Kwahu range
B. Mampong range
C. Akwapim-Togo range
D. Gambaga mountain

19. Environmental degradation in Tarkwa and Prestea is mainly due to

A. sand winning
B. illegal mining
C. timber lumbering
D. palm wine tapping

20. A bill passed by parliament becomes law when the President gives his

A. accord
B. veto
C. advice
D. assent

21. A constitution is important for a country because it

A. allows criminals to be detained without trial
B. serves as the basis for good governance
C. is interpreted by the judiciary
D. can be defended by the military

22. One way of raising the per capita income of Ghana is to

A. increase productivity
B. go in for foreign loans
C. import more foreign goods
D. give workers higher salaries

23. A nation is self-reliant when she

A. imports all her basic needs
B. exports larger quantities of cash crops
C. produces most of her basic needs
D. depends wholly on foreign capital

24. Ghana is described as a developing country because she has a high

A. per capita income
B. population growth rate
C. level of industrialization
D. level of literacy

25. In which of the following combinations of labour and output is productivity highest?

A. Two men producing thirty bags in an hour
B. Three men producing forty bags in an hour
C. Four men producing fifty bags in an hour
D. Five men producing sixty bags in an hour

26. If Nigeria‟s time is one hour ahead of that of Ghana, then Nigeria is

A. 5° west of Ghana
B. 10° east of Ghana
C. 15° east of Ghana
D. 15° west of Ghana

27. The high boundary line which divides the flow of rivers in opposite directions is called

A. gentle slope
B. watershed
C. steep slope
D. gap

28. The largest delta along the West Coast of Africa is that of the

A. Nile
B. Volta
C. Densu
D. Niger

29. The amount imposed on Ghanaians under the Poll Tax Ordinance was

A. one shilling
B. two shilling
C. three shilling
D. four shilling

30. Which of the following types of vegetation is not found in Ghana?

A. Sudan Savanna
B. Guinea Savanna
C. Tropical Savanna
D. Sahel Savanna

31. All the following locations in Ghana are important for salt mining except

A. Songor Lagoon near Ada
B. Axim in the Western Region
C. Weija in Accra
D. Daboya in the Northern Region

32. Socialization of the child begins

A. at school
B. at home
C. at church
D. with the peer group

33. The 1992 Constitution of Ghana was given public approval through

A. bye election
B. public debate
C. general election
D. referendum

34. Parallel cultures in Ghana are seen in the institution of

A. marriage rites
B. puberty rites
C. trokosi
D. chieftaincy

35. Which of the following vegetation zones is most suitable for the cultivation of maize?

A. Moist semi-deciduous forest
B. Sudan savanna
C. Guinea savanna
D. Tropical rain forest

36. The rock suitable for the construction of roads is

A. limestone
B. granite
C. graphite
D. sandstone

37. If a person suspected of being a thief is beaten up by a mob, he is denied the right to

A. speech
B. fair trial
C. work
D. life

38. The central government supports District Assemblies through

A. market tolls
B. basic rates
C. property rates
D. the common fund

39. Which of the following institutions is most useful in the provision of social amenities in Ghana?

A. The Bank of Ghana
B. Ghana Highway Authority
C. District Assemblies
D. Internal Revenue Service

40. The main function of the executive organ of government is

A. law-making
B. implementation of law
C. interpretation of law
D. impeachment of the President

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. C. demand for labour in America and Brazil
2. B. Tolerance
3. A. Pra
4. D. be law-abiding
5. B. bearing
6. C. Pledging young people for money
7. C. east of lake Chad
8. D. economic growth
9. A. Cape Coast
10. D. I and IV only
11. C. East
12. B. Diamond
13. A. non-formal education
14. C. I and IV only
15. C. parliamentarian
16. C. plebiscite
17. A. Bawku
18. C. Akwapim-Togo range
19. B. illegal mining
20. D. assent
21. B. serves as the basis for good governance
22. A. increase productivity
23. C. produces most of her basic needs
24. B. population growth rate
25. A. Two men producing thirty bags in an hour
26. C. 15° east of Ghana
27. B. watershed
28. D. Niger
29. A. one shilling
30. D. Sahel Savanna
31. B. Axim in the Western Region
32. B. at home
33. D. referendum
34. A. marriage rites
35. C. Guinea savanna
36. D. sandstone
37. B. fair trial
38. D. the common fund
39. C. District Assemblies
40. B. implementation of law

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY
Answer one question only from this part.
1.
(a) Name four ethnic groups in Ghana.
(b) Give any four reasons for the movement of the named ethnic groups to their present settlements.
2.
(a) Mention four international organizations of which Ghana is a member
(b) Which four benefits does Ghana enjoy from its membership of any one of the international organizations mentioned in (a)?

PART II
OUR ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part
3.
(a) Describe the formation of relief rainfall.
(b) Mention two areas in Ghana which experiences relief rainfall.
(c) List two benefits of rainfall.
4.
(a) Identify any four social problems of rapid population growth in Ghana.
(b) Suggest any four ways of reducing population growth in Ghana.

PART III
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
5.
(a)
(i) What is a Non-Governmental Organization?
(ii) Identify any three Non-Governmental Organizations in Ghana.
(b) Explain any four contributions of Non-Governmental Organizations to the development of Ghana.
6.
(a)
(i) What is a state owned enterprise?
(ii) Identify any four problems that face state owned enterprises in Ghana.
(b) How can the problems identified in (a) (ii) be solved?

APRIL 2005
SOCIAL STUDIES
SOLUTIONS

SECTION B
ESSAY
PART I
GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY

1. (a) Ethnic groups in Ghana.
(i) Akan
(ii) Ga-Dangbe
(iii) Mole-Dagbani
(iv) Ewe
(v) Guans
[any four]

(b) Reasons for the movement of the named ethnic groups to their present settlements.
(i) To get fertile lands for farming
(ii) To be close to the sea and other water bodies for fishing and domestic use
(iii) To attain peace, stability and security
(iv) To avoid natural disasters
(v) To locate themselves well for effective commercial activities
[any four]

2.

(a) International organizations of which Ghana is a member
(i) Economic Community of West African States [ECOWAS]
(ii) African Union (AU) [former Organisation of African Unity (OAU)]
(iii) The Commonwealth of Nations
(iv) Non-aligned Movement
(v) United Nations Organization (UNO)
[any four]

(b) Benefits Ghana enjoys from its membership of international organizations

(i) Benefits from Economic Community of West African States [ECOWAS]
– Free movement of citizens, goods and services
– Joint economic and developmental ventures, eg, West Africa Gas Pipeline
– Reduction in duties and other charges for trade with / in member countries
– Increased market size for locally produced goods and services
– Improvement in transport and communication
– Peace and stability in the sub-region
– Promotion of sports and culture among member states

(ii) Benefits from African Union (AU) [former Organisation of African Unity (OAU)]
– Assistance in fight against colonialism
– Financial assistance for certain developmental projects
– Unity and peace with other African states
– Promotion of sports and culture among countries
– Larger market size for local products

(iii) Benefits from The Commonwealth of Nations
– improvement of education
– Promotion of sports and culture
– Promotion of democracy and good governance
– Facilitation of trade with other member countries
– Technology transfer

(iv) Benefits from The United Nations Organization (UNO)
– Loans and grants from the IMF and the World Bank to support development projects
– Health delivery services provided by the WHO
– International recognition as a result of our membership of the UNO
– Rural developmental projects by the UNDP
– Food and Agricultural developmental programmes by the FAO
– Employment of Ghanaians at the UNO and its specialised agencies.
– Support for Ghana‟s democracy by supply of international observers during general elections
[any four]

PART II
OUR ENVIRONMENT

3.

(a) Formation of relief rainfall.
 Air mass / wind blows towards a highland / mountain
 The air mass is forced upwards on the windward side
 The rising air cools (adiabatic cooling) and condenses to form cumulus clouds
 The cumulus clouds develop into cumulus congestus then into cumulonimbus clouds as cooling continues
 The cumulonimbus clouds condense further and fall as rain
The rain is heavier on the windward side than on the leeward side.

(b) Areas in Ghana which experiences relief rainfall.
Aburi, Akuapem Mampong, Larteh, Amedzofe, Kwahu, Asante Mampong,
[any two]

(c) Benefits of rainfall.
(i) Softens the ground for easy ploughing and sowing
(ii) Makes plants grow well
(iii) Provides water for domestic use (bathing, washing, etc)
(iv) Provides water for irrigation of farms
(v) Makes the weather cooler for greater comfort
(vi) Supplies water to increase the volume of water bodies
[any two]

4.

(a) Social problems of rapid population growth in Ghana.
(i) Environmental degradation
(ii) Higher Unemployment rate
(iii) Increased traffic jams
(iv) Increased armed robbery
(v) Prostitution
(vi) Quicker spread of diseases
(vii) Teenage pregnancy
(viii) Poverty
(ix) Early marriages
(x) Pressure on social amenities
(xi) Drug abuse
(xii) Higher crime rate
(xiii) Broken homes
(xiv) Congestion / over-crowding
[any four]

(b) Ways of reducing population growth in Ghana.
(i) Encouraging relatively late marriages
(ii) Promoting the use of family planning methods
(iii) Public education on the need to adequately space child bearing
(iv) Check the inflow of immigrants – nationals from other countries
(v) Intensifying education on adolescent reproductive health.
(vi) Avoiding teenage and unplanned pregnancies by abstaining from sex or using appropriate contraceptive methods.
(vii) Promoting the girl-child education campaign.
(viii) Legislation – making laws to control marriage and child birth
[any four]

PART III
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

5.

(a)

(i) A Non-Governmental Organization?
An independent organization that is not owned or managed by the government

(ii) Non-Governmental Organizations in Ghana.
 Plan International
 Save The Children
 The Hunger Project
 Department for International Development (DFID)
 World Vision International
 Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)
 Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
 Action Aid Ghana
 Technoserve
 United States agency for international development
 Action on Disability and Development(ADD)
 African Youth Alliance (AYA)
[any three]

(b) Contributions of Non-Governmental Organizations to the development of Ghana.
(i) Provision of financial grants to farmers, groups, disabled people, etc
(ii) Provision of micro credit facilities to farmers, groups, disabled people, etc
(iii) Promotion of Education by construction of school building, provision of educational materials, scholarships, etc
(iv) HIV / AIDS sensitization to help check the spread of the disease.
(v) Provision of relief services in cases of natural disasters.
(vi) Support to the agro-processing industry to boost the agricultural industry.
(vii) Provision of potable water (pipe-borne and borehole) for communities
(viii) Construction of health facilities, such as hospitals, polyclinics, health posts, etc to improve health delivery.
(ix) Construction of markets to help with commercial activities
[any four]

6.

(a)

(i) State owned enterprise
An enterprise that is owned and managed by the government

(ii) Problems that face state owned enterprises in Ghana.
 Low productivity – Many SOEs are producing at levels well below their capacities.
 Incompetent and inefficient staff – Some SOEs are staffed with personnel with relatively low levels of training, experience and skills.
 Inadequate use of modern / current technology – Many SOEs are still using outmoded technologies, which make work uninteresting and less productive
 Poor working attitude of staff – The working attitudes of many workers in several SOEs are simply destructive (negative)
 Political inconsistencies / interference– Each political party that comes to power has different ideas on how the SOEs must be managed. Hence, there is no political consistency.
 Insufficient funds / capital – Many SOEs do not have the needed funds to operate at optimum (best / highest) levels.
 Bribery, Corruption and Embezzlement – Almost all SOEs in Ghana are perceived to have various levels of bribery, corruption and embezzlement present in them.
 Lack of trust by general public – the general public seems to have a low level of trust in SOEs.
 Excessive patronage of services – There is excessive patronage of (extreme pressure on) some SOEs products and services due to the affordable rates and the monopoly („one man show‟) that some of them have.
[any four]

(b) How the problems identified can be solved
(i) Employing workers with the right training, knowledge, skills and attitudes.
(ii) Ensuring the correct use of efficient working tools
(iii) Taking measures to reduce political interference /control.
(iv) Applying current / modern technology to increase production
(v) Adequate funding by the state
(vi) Providing regular in-service training and refresher courses for workers.
(vii) Motivating workers with various incentives, such as, awards/rewards, scholarships for further studies
(viii) Paying fair wages and salaries to workers
(ix) Ensuring effective and regular supervision, monitoring, assessment and evaluation.
(x) Making sure that the working environment is comfortable and conducive for work
(xi) Financial institutions should be more willing to offer more credit facilities for growth and expansion of businesses
(xii) Codes of ethics at workplaces must be studied and applied regularly
(xiii) Ensuring effective management and administration
(xiv) Effective planning and implementation