Social Studies BECE 2004

APRIL 2004
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. An effect of slavery on Africa was that it

A. took active persons away
B. improved its image
C. brought about co-operation
D. increased its population

2. The first Europeans to arrive in Ghana in 1471 came from

A. France
B. Spain
C. Switzerland
D. Portugal

3. The claim that the ancestors of the Akan migrated from Ancient Ghana is mainly based on

A. linguistic evidence
B. Soninke records
C. cultural similarities
D. genetic evidence

4. The Fon and Aja of the Republic of Benin are closely related to the

A. Guan of Ghana
B. Ewe of Ghana
C. Ga of Ghana
D. Mamprusi of Ghana

5. Evidence of Mamprusi origin is obtained during the Damba festival from

A. state linguists
B. state trumpeters
C. state drummers
D. sword bearers

6. Unity among ethnic groups in Ghana can be promoted through

A. formal education
B. informal education
C. inter-marriages
D. opinion leaders

7. Badu saw a man throwing a ten-thousand cedi note into a grave. What has this person done?

A. He has rejected the money
B. He has destroyed national property
C. He has done what a citizen should do
D. He has mourned properly

8. Forts and castles were built purposely by the early Europeans for

A. evangelists and teachers
B. sailors and for use as chapels
C. soldiers and miners
D. use as depots and for protection

9. Which of the following ethnic groups in Ghana trace their origin from Ile Ife in Nigeria?

A. The Ga
B. The Gonja
C. The Nzema
D. The Mamprusi

10. The Asante Kingdom was colonized by the British through

A. trade agreement
B. persuasion
C. military invasion
D. co-operation

11. The Volta Region before World War I was a colony of

A. Portugal
B. Germany
C. Britain
D. Italy

12. People from various ethnic groups are found in the cities of Ghana because of

A. tourism
B. trade
C. conflicts
D. food

13. Writing a bill into a legal language is done by the

A. Attorney-General‟s Department
B. Registrar-General‟s Department
C. Judicial Council
D. Council of State

14. If Musah wants a new law to be made against armed robbery whom will he contact?

A. A Judge
B. A Parliamentarian
C. The Police
D. The President

15. The constitution of a country is endorsed by the people through

A. census
B. acclamation
C. a referendum
D. bye-election

16. The demand for „self government now‟ was made in 1949 by

A. Dr J. B. Danquah
B. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
C. Dr K. A. Busia
D. Dr Kwegyir Aggrey

17. Government revenue for developmental projects is raised mainly through

A. minting of currency
B. inflation
C. over-invoicing
D. taxation

18. The principle of separation of powers prevents

A. ethnic conflicts
B. coalition governments
C. dictatorial governments
D. political associations

19. Which of the following should be identified as the major causes of ethnic conflicts in Ghana?

(i) Chieftaincy disputes
(ii) Land disputes
(iii) Cultural similarities
(iv) Struggling for contracts

A. (i) and (ii)
B. (ii) and (iii)
C. (ii) and (iv)
D. (iii) and (iv)

20. On which of the following occasions is the parallel culture of prayer not demonstrated in Ghana?

A. Independence day
B. Eid-il-Fitr
C. Teachers‟ Day
D. Farmers‟ Day

21. Science education is very important in schools because it

A. makes students think quickly in solving a problem
B. makes students live longer
C. leads to the acquisition of technological knowledge
D. promotes peaceful co-existence

22. An administrative clerk at the Ministry of Education is a

A. director
B. diplomat
C. public servant
D. civil servant

23. Which of the following may not be considered in finding one‟s direction home, when one‟s way is lost in the forest?

A. Prominent landscape
B. Shouting for help
C. Direction of the sun
D. Direction of the wind

24. Bawku is located north-east of

A. Bolgatanga
B. Bimbilla
C. Yendi
D. Ho

25. A good layout of a settlement includes all the following except

A. disaster prevention
B. easier movement
C. good sanitation
D. overcrowding

26. Which of the following minerals can be used to improve upon the fertility of the soil?

A. Bauxite
B. Iron
C. Phosphate
D. Diamond

27. Which of the following countries is within the same time zone as Ghana?

A. Nigeria
B. Senegal
C. Britain
D. Canada

28. The Prairie Provinces in Canada produce the raw material for making

A. wine
B. bread
C. paper
D. wool

29. Ghana is not economically independent because of her

A. poor natural resources
B. low per capita income
C. poor banking practices
D. over-reliance on foreign loans

30. Low savings by Ghanaian workers is mainly due to

A. high dependency ratio
B. low exchange rate of the cedi
C. laziness of Ghanaian workers
D. extravagant living of Ghanaians

31. Efficiency of the labour force is achieved through

A. poor work attitude
B. moral education
C. sacrificial work
D. training and retraining

32. Which of the following tertiary industries is a leading foreign exchange earner in Ghana

A. Insurance
B. Tourism
C. Transport
D. Banking

33. Productivity in agriculture can be increased in Ghana through

A. changes in the land tenure system
B. the employment of more labourers
C. application of modern technology
D. relying on foreign experts

34. Which of the following business enterprises is privately owned?

A. Ghana Railways Corporation
B. Unilever Ghana Limited
C. Ghana Water Company
D. Ghana Highways Authority

35. Productivity in the Public Service is low because of

A. poor work attitude
B. aged workers
C. abundant production
D. effective supervision

36. Ghana receives loans and aid from the World Bank because of its membership of the

A. African Union (AU)
B. Commonwealth
C. United Nations Organization (UNO)
D. Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

37. The Voluntary Service Overseas is associated with the

A. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
B. United Nations Organization (UNO)
C. African Union (AU)
D. Commonwealth

38. Which of the following countries has the least per capita income?

A. Japan
B. Ghana
C. Britain
D. Canada

39. The Chief Justice of Britain who made the slave trade illegal was

A. Fowell Buxton
B. Granville Sharp
C. Lord Mansfield
D. William Wilberforce

40. The most effective way of solving the socio-economic problems of the modern world is through the application of

A. science and technology
B. magic and witchcraft
C. knowledge in politics
D. technology and magic

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. A. took active persons away
2. D. Portugal
3. C. cultural similarities
4. B. Ewe of Ghana
5. C. state drummers
6. C. inter-marriages
7. B. He has destroyed national property
8. D. use as depots and for protection
9. A. The Ga
10. C. military invasion
11. B. Germany
12. B. trade
13. A. Attorney-General‟s Department
14. B. A Parliamentarian
15. C. a referendum
16. B. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
17. D. taxation
18. C. dictatorial governments
19. A. (i) and (ii)
20. B. Eid-il-Fitr
21. C. leads to the acquisition of technological knowledge
22. D. civil servant
23. D. Direction of the wind
24. A. Bolgatanga
25. D. overcrowding
26. C. Phosphate
27. C. Britain
28. B. bread
29. D. over-reliance on foreign loans
30. A. high dependency ratio
31. D. training and retraining
32. B. Tourism
33. C. application of modern technology
34. B. Unilever Ghana Limited
35. A. poor work attitude
36. C. United Nations Organization (UNO)
37. D. Commonwealth
38. B. Ghana
39. C. Lord Mansfield
40. A. science and technology

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
GOVERNMENT, POLITICS AND STABILITY
Answer one question only from this part.
1.
(a) Give two reasons why the British colonized Ghana.
(b) List three main ways by which the British colonized Ghana.
(c) State five benefits which Ghana has derived from British colonization.
2.
(a) What are human rights abuses?
(b) Give four examples of such abuses.
(c) Explain two ways by which human rights abuses can be prevented.

PART II
OUR ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part
3.
(a) State any four ways by which water can be polluted in Ghana.
(b) Explain any three effects of water pollution.
4.
(a) Describe the following:
(i) rotation of the earth;
(ii) revolution of the earth.
(b) Mention any two effects of each of the following:
(i) rotation of the earth,
(ii) revolution of the earth.

PART III
SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
5.
(a) Name four areas of tourist attraction in Ghana.
(b) State four benefits of tourism in Ghana.
(c) Describe two negative effects of tourism in Ghana.
6.
(a) State four contributions of the manufacturing industry to the economy of Ghana.
(b) List any four problems facing the manufacturing industry in Ghana.