Social Studies BECE 2003

APRIL 2003
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. Countries in North Africa are noted for the production of

A. iron ore
B. gold
C. crude oil
D. diamond

2. Using a scale of 1:100,000 find the actual distance between two towns which are 4.5 centimetres apart on a map

A. 4 km 50 m
B. 4 km 450 m
C. 4 km 500 m
D. 5 km 50 m

3. The revolution of the earth results in

A. high and low tides
B. day and night
C. the four seasons
D. wind directions

4. The most suitable physical feature for the construction of a dam is a

A. gorge
B. ridge
C. valley
D. plateau

5. A football match between Ghana (Longitude 0°) and Nigeria (Longitude 15°E) start in Lagos at 4 o‟clock pm. At what time will the telecast of the match start in Ghana?

A. 3 o‟clock pm
B. 4 o‟clock pm
C. 5 o‟clock pm
D. 6 o‟clock pm

6. Which of the following is a chemically formed sedimentary rock?

A. Granite
B. Coal
C. Potash
D. Lignite

7. Axim in the Western Region of Ghana is influenced by the

A. South-East Polar winds
B. South-West Monsoon winds
C. North-East Monsoon winds
D. North-East Polar winds

8. The following are instruments used in measuring the elements of the weather and climate except

A. barometer
B. thermometer
C. clinometers
D. anemometer

9. How many times in a year is the sun vertically overhead at the equator?

A. Once
B. Twice
C. Three times
D. Four times

10. The conventional sign
shown on a topographical map refers to a

A. path
B. dam
C. bridge
D. waterfall

11. Which of the following groups is not Ga-Adangme?

A. Krobo people
B. Kpone people
C. Takla people
D. Osudoku people

12. The beast of burden which was used to increase the volume of the Trans-Saharan Trade was the

A. camel
B. ass
C. bull
D. donkey

13. The insect responsible for spreading river blindness is the

A. tsetsefly
B. simulium fly
C. mosquito
D. housefly

14. Which of the following ethnic groups celebrates the Kundum festival?

A. The Asante
B. The Ewe
C. The Ga
D. The Nzema

15. People running away from Liberia because of the war to stay at Budumburam near Accra become …………… in Ghana

A. victims
B. armed robbers
C. soldiers
D. refugees

16. Government of the people, by the people and for the people is referred to as

A. socialism
B. monarchy
C. democracy
D. apartheid

17. Until independence the Coat-of-Arms of the Gold Coast (Ghana) was

A. a stool and a crown
B. an elephant and a palm tree
C. an eagle
D. a black star

18. Ghana‟s earth satellite station is located in Greater Accra region at

A. Aburi
B. Kuntunse
C. Tema
D. Prampram

19. Gold in ancient Ghana was mined at

A. Wangara
B. Timbuktu
C. Jenne
D. Gao

20. Which of the following agencies cater for the welfare of women and children in the country?

A. National Council for Civic Education (NCCE)
B. National Council on Women and Development (NCWD)
C. Non-Formal Education (NFED)
D. Electoral Commission (EC)

21. The Gonja under the leadership of Ndewura Jakpa migrated from

A. Liberia
B. Senegal
C. Mali
D. Chad

22. Which of the following personalities was not a member of the Convention People‟s Party

A. Kojo Botsio
B. N. A. Welbeck
C. K. A. Gbedemah
D. Dr. K. A. Busia

23. The Fante Confederation agreed to have an assembly at

A. Komenda
B. Elmina
C. Mankesim
D. Cape Coast

24. Which of the following was the immediate cause of the 1948 disturbances in Ghana?

A. The defects in the Burns Constitution of 1946
B. Low wages of workers
C. The shooting and killing of three ex-soldiers
D. High prices of consumer goods

25. The first political party which was formed in Ghana in 1947 was the

A. National Liberation Movement (NLM)
B. United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC)
C. Convention People‟s Party (CPP)
D. Northern People‟s Party (NPP)

26. The Aborigines‟ Rights Protection Society was formed in the Gold Coast to protect

A. political interest of the chiefs
B. lands and minerals
C. traditional religious practices
D. the golden stool from the British

27. Which of the following is not an ethnic group in Ghana?

A. Dagomba
B. Hausa
C. Gonja
D. Fante

28. The date AD 1852 falls within the

A. sixteenth century
B. seventeenth century
C. eighteenth century
D. nineteenth century

29. Which of the following political parties advocated for federalism in Ghana in 1957?

A. The National Liberation Movement (NLM)
B. The Convention People‟s Party (CPP)
C. The Northern People‟s Party (NPP)
D. The Togoland Congress (TP)

30. All the following people inherit patrilineally except the

A. Asante
B. Adangme
C. Ewe
D. Ga

31. The Second World War was fought between
A. 1914 – 1918
B. 1919 – 1925
C. 1939 – 1945
D. 1957 – 1960

32. Which of the following countries is the largest producer of rice in the world?

A. India
B. Thailand
C. China
D. Indonesia

33. The leading producer of coal in Africa is

A. Zambia
B. Morocco
C. Botswana
D. South Africa

34. The only country in West Africa which did not come under colonial rule is

A. Liberia
B. Gambia
C. Senegal
D. Guinea

35. In which of the following countries is Lake Nasser located

A. Tanzania
B. Uganda
C. Ethiopia
D. Egypt

36. One of the reasons for the partition of West Africa by the Europeans was to

A. stop the slave trade
B. protect the indigenous people
C. protect their places of trade
D. spread the gospel

37. Non-permanent members of the Security Council of the United Nations Organization (UNO) hold office for a period

A. two years
B. three years
C. four years
D. five years

38. Which of the following minerals is non-metallic?

A. Copper
B. Bauxite
C. Diamond
D. Manganese

39. Harvested food crops are best preserved in

A. silos
B. barns
C. sacks
D. farms

40. Which of the following organizations was the first to be formed?

A. Organization of African Unity (OAU)
B. League of Nations
C. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
D. United Nations Organization (UNO)

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. C. crude oil
2. C. 4 km 500 m
3. C. the four seasons
4. A. gorge
5. A. 3 o‟clock pm
6. C. Potash
7. B. South-West Monsoon winds
8. C. clinometers
9. B. Twice
10. C. bridge
11. C. Takla people
12. A. camel
13. B. simulium fly
14. D. The Nzema
15. D. refugees
16. C. democracy
17. B. an elephant and a palm tree
18. B. Kuntunse
19. A. Wangara
20. B. National Council on Women and Development (NCWD)
21. B. Senegal
22. D. Dr. K. A. Busia
23. C. Mankesim
24. C. The shooting and killing of three ex-soldiers
25. B. United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC)
26. B. lands and minerals
27. B. Hausa
28. D. nineteenth century
29. A. The National Liberation Movement (NLM)
30. A. Asante
31. C. 1939 – 1945
32. C. China
33. D. South Africa
34. A. Liberia
35. D. Egypt
36. C. protect their places of trade
37. A. two years
38. C. Diamond
39. A. silos
40. B. League of Nations

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
Use the map of Cham District to answer Question 1

1.
(a) State the
(i) Contour intervals in metres
(ii) Direction of Dadiya from Panyano
(iii) Distance by road from the road junction of Panyano to the road junction to Cham
(iv) Direction of flow River Meme
(b) Name the features marked M, L, J and Z
(c)
(i) What type of settlement is Dadiya?
(ii) Name any two crops which will grow well in the swampy areas of the map.
2.
(a) Name three types of rainfall
(b) With the help of a diagram describe how any one type of rainfall is formed.

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part.
3.
(a) Name the three arms of Government
(b) State two functions of each of the three arms of Government
(c) Mention four sources of revenue for the district assemblies in Ghana.
4.
(a) Name four plantation farms and their locations in Ghana
(b) State four effects of plantation farming in Ghana

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part
5.
(a) State any four aims of the United Nations Organization
(b) Explain two problems facing the United Nations Organization
6.
What five major problems face the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)?