Social Studies BECE 2002

JULY 2002
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. Which of the following shows the relationship between distance on paper and actual distance on the ground?

A. Longitude
B. Plan
C. Scale
D. Contour

2. The temperature of your classroom can be measured with

A. barometer
B. thermometer
C. rain gauge
D. wind vane

3. A teacher explained to his class that Kete Krachi is sited at the meeting place of two rivers, Kete Krachi can therefore be described as a

A. delta town
B. riverine settlement
C. ridge settlement
D. confluence town

4. A model of the earth is called

A. a map
B. a picture
C. an atlas
D. the globe

5. On June 21st, the sun is directly overhead at noon at the

A. Tropic of Cancer
B. Tropic of Capricorn
C. Arctic Circle
D. Antarctic Circle

6. What name is given to molten rock that reaches the surface of the earth?

A. Lava
B. Magma
C. Clay
D. Sand

7. The greatest contribution of the Christian missionaries to Ghana is

A. slavery
B. trading
C. introduction of education
D. building of castles

8. Which of the following imaginary lines on map helps to determine time?

A. The Arctic Circle
B. The Antarctic Circle
C. The Equator
D. The Greenwich Meridian

9. The part of a highland that projects into a lowland is a

A. knoll
B. valley
C. spur
D. ridge

10. Which of the following climatic regions is not found in Ghana

A. Dry Equatorial
B. Sahel Region
C. Wet Equatorial
D. Semi-Equatorial

11. The people of Gonja migrated to their present home from

A. Yendi
B. Yagbon
C. Mande
D. Dagomba

12. Kofi is a member of parliament. He therefore contributes to

A. arresting criminals
B. administration of laws
C. judging criminals
D. making laws

13. The birds in the Coat-of-Arms of Ghana are

A. hawks
B. eagles
C. crows
D. parrots

14. Which governor developed the railway line from Dunkwa to Awaso?

A. Lord Listowell
B. Sir Arden Clarke
C. Sir Allan Burns
D. Sir Gordon Guggisberg

15. General elections held in Ghana (Gold Coast) in 1956 ushered Ghana into

A. independence
B. republic
C. socialism
D. colonialism

16. In which Republic was Dr. Hilla Limann president of Ghana?

A. First
B. Second
C. Third
D. Fourth

17. The seat of government of Ghana (then Gold Coast) was removed from Cape Coast to Accra in

A. 1870
B. 1876
C. 1901
D. 1919

18. In which of the following regions in Ghana is the Akosombo Dam?

A. Central
B. Volta
C. Eastern
D. Greater Accra

19. The Coussey Committee was set up by

A. Sir Allan Burns
B. Sir Arden Clarke
C. Sir Gerald Creasy
D. Sir Gordon Guggisberg

20. The secretary of the Aborigines Rights Protection Society was

A. John Sey
B. Mensah Sarbah
C. James Kwegyir Aggrey
D. Sir Arko Korsah

21. Which of the following festivals is associated with fire display?

A. Kundum
B. Bugum
C. Aboakyir
D. Ohum

22. The first chairman of the United Gold Coast Convention was

A. Obetsebi Lamptey
B. E. A. Akuffo Addo
C. Dr. J. B. Danquah
D. George Grant

23. The Chairman of the Centre for Civic Education in Ghana before 1969 was

A. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
B. Dr. Arko Adjei
C. Dr. K. A. Busia
D. Dr. J. B. Danquah

24. The insect responsible for spreading sleeping sickness disease is
A. locust
B. housefly
C. mosquito
D. tsetse fly

25. The earth revolves round the sun on its

A. orbit
B. meridian
C. latitudes
D. longitudes

26. General pardon for offences against the state is

A. freedom
B. grant
C. amnesty
D. libel

27. Which of the following rivers does not flow into the sea?

A. River Volta
B. River Afram
C. River Densu
D. River Tano

28. The title of the paramount chief of the Dagomba is

A. Nayiri
B. Ya – Na
C. Yagbonwura
D. Otumfuo

29. Bakatue festival is celebrated by the people of

A. Elmina
B. Cape Coast
C. Winneba
D. Ajumako

30. Which of the following West African countries is the leading producer of cocoa?

A. Ghana
B. Togo
C. Nigeria
D. La Cote d‟Ivoire

31. Freetown was found by ex-slaves from

A. Sierra Leone
B. Jamaica
C. Cuba
D. Colombia

32. In which of the following countries was the practice of racial segregation not prominent?

A. Senegal
B. South Africa
C. Zimbabwe
D. Kenya

33. The farming practice which combines crop cultivation and animal rearing is called

A. mixed cropping
B. mixed farming
C. ranching
D. nomadism

34. The United Nations Organization (UNO) is administered by the

A. General Assembly
B. Security Council
C. Secretariat
D. Economic and Social Council

35. In which country does the River Nile enter the sea?

A. Ethiopia
B. Sudan
C. Kenya
D. Egypt

36. The League of Nations was formed soon after the

A. Gulf War
B. Middle East War
C. World War I
D. World War II

37. Which of the following countries is not a frontline state to South Africa?

A. Botswana
B. Angola
C. Uganda
D. Mozambique

38. The main purpose of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is to

A. achieve economic integration
B. expand the size of West Africa
C. achieve political unity
D. achieve political freedom

39. The Organization of African Unity (OAU) is made up of only

A. black African States
B. independent African States
C. dependent African States
D. colonized African States

40. The African Union is a new name to replace the

A. United Nations Organization (UNO)
B. Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
C. Organization of African Unity (OAU)
D. African Development Bank (ADB)

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. C. Scale
2. B. thermometer
3. D. confluence town
4. D. the globe
5. C. Arctic Circle
6. A. Lava
7. C. introduction of education
8. D. The Greenwich Meridian
9. C. spur
10. B. Sahel Region
11. C. Mande
12. D. making laws
13. B. eagles
14. C. Sir Allan Burns
15. A. independence
16. C. Third
17. B. 1876
18. C. Eastern
19. B. Sir Arden Clarke
20. C. James Kwegyir Aggrey
21. B. Bugum
22. D. George Grant
23. C. Dr. K. A. Busia
24. D. tsetse fly
25. A. orbit
26. C. amnesty
27. B. River Afram
28. B. Ya – Na
29. A. Elmina
30. D. La Cote d‟Ivoire
31. A. Sierra Leone
32. A. Senegal
33. B. mixed farming
34. C. Secretariat
35. D. Egypt
36. C. World War I
37. C. Uganda
38. A. achieve economic integration
39. B. independent African States
40. C. Organization of African Unity (OAU)

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
1.
The table below shows the annual rainfall for Station Y

(a) Draw a rainfall graph using a scale of 1 cm to 20 mm
(b) (i) Calculate the total rainfall for the year.
(ii) Name the wettest month and the driest month
(c) State three effects of rainfall
2.
(a) State five characteristics of the North-East Trade winds.
(b) In what two ways are the North-East Trade winds useful?
(c) Mention three disadvantages of the North-East Trade winds.

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part.
3.
Give five reasons why the Mamprusi defeated the original people of Northern Ghana
4.
(a) Give four reasons why the Fante Confederation was formed.
(b) What four reasons led to the fall of the Fante Confederation?

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part
5.
(a) What is the importance of co-operation among African countries?
(b) In what four ways can co-operation be maintained?
6.
(a) In which countries of West Africa are the following minerals mined?
(i) Tin
(ii) Diamond
(iii) Phosphate
(iv) Gold
(b) Mention four ways in which mining is important to West African countries.

APRIL 2002
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. A drawing of any part of the earth on a flat surface is a

A. globe
B. scale
C. map
D. compass

2. When the needle of a compass is at rest, it points to the

A. north
B. south
C. east
D. west

3. Which of the following is a man-made feature?

A. Ridge
B. Bridge
C. Lowland
D. Mountain

4. When the time in Accra is 6 pm, the time in Lagos will be

A. 4 pm
B. 5 pm
C. 6 pm
D. 7 pm

5. The most densely populated country in West Africa is

A. Ghana
B. Nigeria
C. Liberia
D. Senegal

6. A lowland between two hills is known as a

A. valley
B. plain
C. ridge
D. spur

7. When a scale of a map is expressed as 1:1000, it is referred to as

A. statement scale
B. representative fraction scale
C. scale bar
D. linear scale

8. Rocks which are formed in layers are known as

A. porous rocks
B. igneous rocks
C. metamorphic rocks
D. sedimentary rocks

9. Longitude 0° is also known as the

A. Tropic of Cancer
B. Tropic of Capricorn
C. Greenwich Meridian
D. International Date Line

10. Express 2 pm as Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

A. 1400 hours GMT
B. 1600 hours GMT
C. 1800 hours GMT
D. 2000 hours GMT

11. On an atlas map all water bodies are coloured

A. blue
B. yellow
C. green
D. brown

12. Which of the following countries in West Africa is landlocked?

A. Mali
B. Nigeria
C. Ghana
D. Sierra Leone

13. In which country does the River Nile enter the sea?

A. Kenya
B. Ethiopia
C. Egypt
D. Sudan

14. A highland which has a steep slope on one side and a gentle slope on the other side is called

A. a plateau
B. an escarpment
C. a ridge
D. a conical hill

15. Which of the following rivers in Ghana does not directly enter the sea?

A. Ankobra
B. Oti
C. Tano
D. Pra

16. Which of the following festivals is celebrated by the people of Navrongo?

A. Homowo
B. Kundum
C. Bungum
D. Foo

17. Environmental pollution is caused by all the following except

A. smoking of cigarettes
B. making of loud noise
C. dumping of refuse
D. watering of flower garden

18. How many years is it from 500 BC to 900 AD?

A. 400 years
B. 500 years
C. 900 years
D. 1400 years

19. An event which was recorded on 10th December 1999, happened in the

A. 10th century
B. 12th century
C. 19th century
D. 20th century

20. Which of the following can be described as a peace officer?

A. A soldier
B. A policeman
C. A prison warden
D. A court registrar

21. In a traditional African community the chief speaks through

A. the linguist
B. an elder
C. a fetish-priest
D. the queen-mother

22. After how many years of existence does an institution celebrate its golden jubilee?

A. 25 years
B. 50 years
C. 75 years
D. 100 years

23. Which of the following factors has effectively reduced infant mortality in Ghana?

A. Availability of hospital equipment
B. Environmental sanitation
C. Eating of balanced diet
D. Immunization against the six killer diseases

24. In the matrilineal system of inheritance, children inherit the property of their

A. father‟s mother
B. father‟s brother
C. mother‟s brother
D. mother‟s father

25. Which of the following is not part of the natural environment?

A. Rivers
B. Roads
C. Mountains
D. Vegetation

26. The Aborigines Rights Protection Society was formed to

A. oppose the Lands Bill
B. defend the Fante Chiefs
C. fight for independence from the Asante
D. drive the British out of Ghana

27. In 1900 the Asante fought the British under the leadership of the queen-mother of

A. Ejisu
B. Kokofu
C. Juaben
D. Mampong

28. Which of the following Western Sudanese states was ruled by Mansa Musa?

A. Ghana
B. Songhai
C. Mali
D. Bornu

29. In which war were the Anlo defeated by the Danes?

A. Dodowa war
B. Datsutagba war
C. Sagrenti war
D. Sagbadre war

30. The first person appointed to represent the British government in the Gold Coast was

A. Sir Charles McCarthy
B. Sir Arden Clarke
C. Sir Garnet Wolseley
D. Captain George Maclean

31. Who was the first chairman of the United Gold Coast Convention?

A. Kwame Nkrumah
B. J. B. Danquah
C. Obetsebi Lamptey
D. George Paa Grant

32. In the seventeenth century the first capital of the Ga state was

A. Pokuase
B. Bortianor
C. Abokobi
D. Ayawaso

33. The Asante kingdom became an empire during the reign of

A. Obiri Yeboah
B. Osei Tutu I
C. Osei Kodwo
D. Opoku Ware I

34. The president of the first republic of Ghana was

A. Dr. J. B. Danquah
B. Dr. Hilla Limann
C. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
D. Dr. K. A. Busia

35. The headquarters of the League of Nations was situated in

A. New York
B. Moscow
C. Geneva
D. Washington D.C.

36. The first person to be appointed the Secretary-General of the United Nations Organization was

A. Dag Hammarskjold.
B. U‟Thant
C. Trygve Lie
D. Peres de Cuellar

37. Non-permanent members of the Security Council of the United Nations Organization hold office for a period of

A. two years
B. three years
C. four years
D. five years

38. The Jos Plateau in Nigeria is noted for the production of

A. coal
B. diamond
C. tin
D. bauxite

39. In which city was the treaty establishing the ECOWAS signed?

A. Lagos
B. Accra
C. Lome
D. Abidjan

40. The leading producer of copper in Africa is

A. Zambia
B. Namibia
C. Sudan
D. Morocco

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. C. map
2. A. north
3. B. Bridge
4. D. 7 pm
5. B. Nigeria
6. A. valley
7. B. representative fraction scale
8. D. sedimentary rocks
9. C. Greenwich Meridian
10. A. 1400 hours GMT
11. A. blue
12. A. Mali
13. C. Egypt
14. B. an escarpment
15. B. Oti
16. D. Foo
17. D. watering of flower garden
18. D. 1400 years
19. D. 20th century
20. B. A policeman
21. A. the linguist
22. B. 50 years
23. D. Immunization against the six killer diseases
24. C. mother‟s brother
25. B. Roads
26. A. oppose the Lands Bill
27. A. Ejisu
28. B. Songhai
29. D. Sagbadre war
30. A. Sir Charles McCarthy
31. D. George Paa Grant
32. D. Ayawaso
33. A. Obiri Yeboah
34. C. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah
35. C. Geneva
36. C. Trygve Lie
37. A. two years
38. C. tin
39. A. Lagos
40. A. Zambia

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
1.
Use the rainfall graph below to answer the questions that follow:
The graph below shows the rainfall distribution of Station A
(a) Calculate the average rainfall for the first half of the year.
(b) Find the total rainfall from July to the end of the year.
(c) Which two months of the year have equal amounts of rainfall?
(d) Describe the pattern of the rainfall distribution.
2.
(a) Draw a sketch map of Ghana
(b) On your sketch map, show and name
(i) the Savanna grassland vegetation zone;
(ii) Tamale and Bawku
(c) (i) Name any two cash crops produced in the Savanna grassland.
(ii) State two ways in which one of the cash crops you named is of economic importance.

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part.
3.
(a) Mention four offences against the individual and four against the state.
(b) State four reasons why a country makes laws for its citizens
4.
(a) What four factors led to the growth of the Old Ghana Empire?
(b) State four factors that caused the fall of the Old Ghana Empire?

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part
5.
(a) State any four aims of the Organization of African Unity (OAU)
(b) Explain any four problems facing the Organization of African Unity (OAU)
6.
(a) Describe four functions of the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
(b) Name two countries which have insufficient food to feed their people.
(c) Give two reasons why poor countries should not always receive free food aid.