Social Studies BECE 2000

August 2000
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes
Use the contour diagram below to answer Questions 1and 2. Contour values are in metres

1. The vertical interval of the contour lines on the diagram is

A. 0 metres
B. 50 metres
C. 100 metres
D. 300 metres
E. 350 metres

2. What type of slope does the diagram show ?

A. Uniform
B. Convex
C. Gentle
D. Concave
E. Steep

3. The conventional sign on a topographical map represents a

A. farm
B. church
C. market
D. castle
E. mosque

4. Cairo in Egypt is on longitude 30°E and Tema in Ghana is on Longitude 0°. What is the time difference between Cairo and Tema?

A. 2 hours
B. 3 hours
C. 15 hours
D. 30 hours
E. 45 hours

5. Latitude 66 ½ ° North refers to the

A. Antarctic Circle
B. Tropic of Cancer
C. Tropic of Capricorn
D. Arctic Circle
E. Equator

6. The revolution of the earth round the sun causes

A. day and night
B. high tides
C. four seasons
D. earthquakes
E. line squalls

7. The North Pole receives 24 hours of sunlight when the sun is overhead on the

A. Equator
B. Tropic of Cancer
C. Tropic of Capricorn
D. Arctic Circle
E. Antarctic Circle

8. Which of the following towns enjoys a cool climate throughout the year?

A. Accra
B. Aburi
C. Nkawkaw
D. Tema
E. Koforidua

9. Thick dark clouds, thunder and lightning are associated with

A. convectional rainfall
B. relief rainfall
C. evaporation
D. transpiration
E. condensation

10. What name is given to the point where a tributary joins the main river ?

A. Source
B. Mouth
C. Confluence
D. Delta
E. Estuary

11. Which of the following is not a coastal landform?

A. Stack
B. Sand bar
C. Spit
D. Levee
E. Lagoon

12. The main type of vegetation found in the south-western part of Ghana is the

A. Coastal scrub and grassland
B. Mangrove forest
C. Guinea savana
D. Sudan savana
E. Rain forest

13. Which of the following is not a sedimentary rock?

A. Granite
B. Clay
C. Sandstone
D. Shale
E. Coal

14. The prevailing winds that blow over most parts of northern Ghana between November and February are the

A. South-West monsoon winds
B. North-East monsoon winds
C. North-East Trade winds
D. Westerly winds
E. Easterly winds

15. The railway line from Dunkwa to Awaso was built by the British mainly to transport

A. timber
B. bauxite
C. manganese
D. cocoa
E. foodstuffs

16. Which one of the following towns is noted for textile manufacturing?

A. Mampong
B. Nkawkaw
C. Oda
D. Wa
E. Juapong

17. The people of Ada celebrate the

A. Akwambo festival
B. Odwira festival
C. Lukusi festival
D. Asafotu-fiam festival
E. Danyiba Kaka festival

18. Which of the following ethnic groups is found between the Pra and the Densu rivers ?

A. The Fante
B. The Ga
C. The Akwamu
D. The Adangme
E. The Sefwi

19. The capital built by Osei Tutu I for the Ashanti kingdom was

A. Kumawu
B. Ejisu
C. Kumasi
D. Mampong
E. Bekwai

20. The Sagbadre war was fought between the Anlo and the

A. Dutch
B. British
C. Germans
D. Portuguese
E. Danes

21. The British used the indirect rule system to govern the people of the Gold Coast through the

A. police
B. army
C. registrars
D. chiefs
E. judiciary

22. Sir Gordon Guggisberg was the Governor of the Gold Coast from

A. 1830 to 1845
B. 1846 to 1860
C. 1901 to 1919
D. 1909 to 1926
E. 1919 to 1927

23. Which of the following was not a member of the Fante confederation

A. The Denkyira
B. The Brong
C. The Assin
D. Twifu
E. The Wassa

24. The Aborigines Rights Protection Society was formed in 1897 to

A. protect the property of the local people
B. educate the people on how to vote
C. protect the people from invasion
D. give the people the license to trade
E. register the people for the purpose of taxation

25. One of the founding member of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) was

A. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
B. Dr J.B. Danquah
C. Mr Kojo Botsio
D. Mr K.A. Gbedemah
E. Mr Krobo Edusei

26. The Watson Commission was set up in

A. 1919
B. 1925
C. 1930
D. 1948
E. 1951

27. The first Governor-General of independent Ghana was

A. Commander Hill
B. Sir Gordon Guggisberg
C. Sir Charles Arden-Clarke
D. Lord Listowell
E. George Maclean

28. The soldiers who returned to the Gold Coast after the Second World faced all the following problems except

A. non-payment of pension benefits
B. unavailability of houses
C. absence of jobs
D. high prices of goods
E. being denied the right to vote

29. The Drakensberg mountains are found in

A. South Africa
B. West Africa
C. East Africa
D. Central Africa
E. North Africa

30. Tin is mined in Nigeria at

A. Enugu
B. Kaduna
C. Jos
D. Kano
E. Port Harcourt

31. Which of the following methods is used in mining crude oil ?

A. Open cast
B. Deep shaft
C. Drilling
D. Dredging
E. Panning

32. The leading producer of coffee in West Africa

A. Ghana
B. La Cote d‟Ivoire
C. Liberia
D. Nigeria
E. Sierra Leone

33. Which of the following people are livestock rearers in East Africa ?

A. Hausa
B. Tuareg
C. Fulani
D. Masai
E. Mossi

34. All the following were important centres of the Trans-Saharan trade except

A. Timbuktu
B. Kumbi-Saleh
C. Audaghost
D. Gao
E. Taghaza

35. The king who expanded the Mali Kingdom into an empire was

A. Mansa Musa
B. Sakora
C. Sundiata
D. Sumanguru
E. Mansa Ule

36. One of the reasons for the partition of West Africa by the Europeans was to

A. spread the gospel
B. stop the slave trade
C. protect the indigenous people
D. protect their places of trade
E. set up industries.

37. Which of the following countries ruled Togo before the First World War?

A. Portugal
B. Germany
C. Britain
D. France
E. Spain

38. The treaty for the formation of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was signed in

A. Accra
B. Abidjan
C. Lagos
D. Niamey
E. Lome

39. The Casablanca Group that helped with the formation of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) was made up of Morocco, Guinea, Egypt, Libya, Mali and

A. Ghana
B. Congo
C. Nigeria
D. Kenya
E. Zambia

40. The administrative body of the United Nations Organization (UNO) is the

A. Security Council
B. International Court of Justice
C. General Assembly
D. Economic and Social Council
E. Secretariat

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. B. 50 metres
2. D. Concave
3. D. castle
4. A. 2 hours
5. D. Arctic Circle
6. C. four seasons
7. D. Arctic Circle
8. B. Aburi
9. A. convectional rainfall
10. C. Confluence
11. D. Levee
12. E. Rain forest
13. A. Granite
14. C. North-East Trade winds
15. B. bauxite
16. E. Juapong
17. D. Asafotu-fiam festival
18. A. The Fante
19. C. Kumasi
20. E. Danes
21. D. chiefs
22. E. 1919 to 1927
23. B. The Brong
24. A. protect the property of the local people
25. B. Dr J.B. Danquah
26. D. 1948
27. C. Sir Charles Arden-Clarke
28. E. being denied the right to vote
29. A. South Africa
30. C. Jos
31. C. Drilling
32. B. La Cote d‟Ivoire
33. D. Masai
34. E. Taghaza
35. D. Sumanguru
36. D. protect their places of trade
37. B. Germany
38. C. Lagos
39. D. Kenya
40. E. Secretariat

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
1.
The table below shows the production of some commodities of a country. Use the data to answer the questions that follow
Commodity
Production in Tonnes
Cocoa
90,000
Coffee
70,000
Maize
80,000
Sorghum
30,000
Rice
60,000
(a) Draw a simple bar graph to represent the data using a scale of 1cm to 10,000 tonnes
(b) Calculate the total volume of production in tonnes
(c) Mention one other method that can be used to represent the data above
2.
(a) Draw and label the structure of the earth
(b) Name the three types of rocks
(c) State four importance of rocks

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part.
3.
(a) List four duties of the police in Ghana
(b) Explain four responsibilities of the individual in Ghana
4.
(a) List four minerals mined in Ghana
(b) Name one important town associated with each of the minerals listed in 4(a) above
(c) Explain any four benefits of mining to Ghana

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part.
5.
(a) Give four reasons for the rise of the old Mali Empire
(b) Mention two factors that led to the fall of the old Mali Empire
6.
(a) Mention four causes of conflicts in the world
(b) Explain any four effects of conflicts in the world