Social Studies BECE 1999

August 1999
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. Which of the following shows the relationship between distances on paper and actual distance on the ground?

A. Longitude
B. Key
C. Scale
D. Plan
E. Contour

2. 1cm to 1 km expressed as representative fraction is

A. 1:100
B. 1:1,000
C. 1:10,000
D. 1:50,000
E. 1:100,000

3. The earth rotates on its axis, spinning from

A. East to West
B. West to East
C. South to North
D. West to South
E. East to South

4. An imaginary line which divides the earth into two hemispheres is called the

A. latitude
B. longitude
C. meridian
D. equator
E. tropic

5. Which of the following instruments is used for showing direction?

A. Thermometer
B. Compass
C. Anemometer
D. Rain Gauge
E. Barometer

6. The difference between the highest and lowest temperature recorded of a place during the day is called the

A. Daily Range of Temperature
B. Average Monthly Temperature
C. Daily Average Temperature
D. Mean Annual Temperature
E. Daily Mean Temperature

7. An example of a sedimentary rock is

A. granite
B. gneiss
C. marble
D. clay
E. quartzite

8. The original home of the Ewes was

A. Ho
B. Keta
C. Ketu
D. Kpando
E. Gafe

9. Ghana became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations in

A. 1948
B. 1954
C. 1957
D. 1960
E. 1966

10. The Dagombas are descendants of

A. Ndewura Jakpa
B. Samori
C. Babatu
D. Dariziogo
E. Gbewa

11. Which of the following festivals is associated with fire display?

A. Bugum
B. Homowo
C. Aboakyir
D. Kundum
E. Ohum

12. A major tributary of River Volta is the

A. Pra
B. Ankobra
C. Oti
D. Densu
E. Ayensu

13. Which of the following towns in Ghana is important for mining of bauxite

A. Obuasi
B. Awaso
C. Tarkwa
D. Akwatia
E. Nsuta

14. In which of the following regions in Ghana is the Akosombo Dam?

A. Volta
B. Central
C. Ashanti
D. Eastern
E. Greater Accra

15. The first castle was built in Ghana in 1482 at

A. Cape Coast
B. Accra
C. Axim
D. Anomabo
E. Elmina

16. All the European powers left the Coast of Ghana by 1872 except the

A. British
B. Danes
C. Dutch
D. Spanish
E. Portuguese

17. The capital of British Gold Coast was moved from Cape Coast to Accra in

A. 1850
B. 1872
C. 1874
D. 1877
E. 1896

18. Sources of revenue for District Assemblies in Ghana include

A. Sales tax
B. purchase tax
C. basic rates
D. income tax
E. import duties

19. A major cash crop to West Africa is

A. maize
B. cocoa
C. plantain
D. cassava
E. cocoyam

20. The most westerly point in West Africa is Cape

A. Three points
B. St. Paul
C. Palmas
D. Mount
E. Verde

21. Who is the head of the judiciary in Ghana?

A. the Speaker of Parliament
B. the President
C. the Chief Justice
D. the Vice President
E. the Attorney-General

22. Maintenance of law and order in the village community is enforced by

A. an assemblyman
B. District Chief Executive
C. Unit Committee elders
D. chiefs and elders
E. pastors

23. Foreigners in Ghana enjoy all the following rights except that of

A. expression
B. worship
C. voting
D. association
E. marriage

24. Environmental pollution is caused by all the following except

A. smoking of cigarette
B. making of loud noise
C. dumping of refuse
D. watering of flowers
E. using chemical to catch fish

25. The farming practice, which combines crop cultivation and animal rearing, is called

A. Mixed cropping
B. Mixed farming
C. Ranching
D. Nomadism
E. Transhuman

26. The tropical rainforest region of West Africa is important for the production of

A. cattle
B. millet
C. tomatoes
D. groundnuts
E. timber

27. Desertification is caused by

A. afforestation
B. excessive rainfall
C. overgrazing
D. irrigation
E. decrease in population

28. Countries in North Africa are noted for the production of

A. crude oil
B. diamond
C. iron ore
D. gold
E. bauxite

29. The Prairies of USA is important for producing

A. cars
B. diamond
C. timber
D. fish
E. wheat

30. The highest court in Ghana is the

A. Supreme Court
B. Magistrate court
C. High court
D. Tribunal court
E. Court of Appeal

31. The great pyramids of Egypt were built as

A. temples for Egyptian gods
B. palaces for living pharaohs
C. tourist attractions
D. royal burial places
E. warehouses for goods

32. Vaccines used in Ghana for the immunization of children are supplied by

A. District Assemblies
B. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
C. Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO)
D. World Health Organization (WHO)
E. Non-Governmental Organization (NGOs)

33. The main organ of the United Nations Organizations (UNO) is the

A. General Assembly
B. Economic and Social Council
C. International Court of Justice
D. Security Council
E. Secretariat

34. Which of the following animals was mostly used during the Trans-Saharan Trade?

A. Elephants
B. Ass
C. Donkey
D. Horse
E. Camel

35. Bush fires occur very often during the

A. rainy season
B. harvesting season
C. marketing days
D. harmattan season
E. cold season

36. The common fish caught in the lagoons of Ghana

A. tuna
B. herrings
C. plaice
D. tilapia
E. mackerel

37. The insect responsible for spreading sleeping sickness is

A. mosquitoes
B. tsetsefly
C. housefly
D. locust
E. simulium fly

38. Which of the following is important in the manufacture of cutting tools?

A. Tin
B. Iron
C. Silver
D. Lead
E. Diamond

39. Children under the age five years should be immunized against all the following except

A. polio
B. tetanus
C. cholera
D. diphtheria
E. whooping cough

40. The Organization of Africa Unity (OAU) is made up of only

A. independent African states
B. dependent African states
C. colonized African states
D. black African states
E. warring states

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. C. Scale
2. E. 1:100,000
3. B. West to East
4. D. equator
5. B. Compass
6. A. Daily Range of Temperature
7. D. clay
8. C. Ketu
9. D. 1960
10. E. Gbewa
11. A. Bugum
12. C. Oti
13. B. Awaso
14. D. Eastern
15. E. Elmina
16. A. British
17. D. 1877
18. A. Sales tax
19. B. cocoa
20. E. Verde
21. C. the Chief Justice
22. D. chiefs and elders
23. C. voting
24. D. watering of flowers
25. B. Mixed farming
26. E. timber
27. C. overgrazing
28. A. crude oil
29. E. wheat
30. A. Supreme Court
31. D. royal burial places
32. D. World Health Organization (WHO)
33. A. General Assembly
34. E. Camel
35. D. harmattan season
36. D. tilapia
37. B. tsetsefly
38. E. Diamond
39. C. cholera
40. A. independent African states

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
Use the map of Dano District to answer Question 1

1.
(a) State the:
(i) Direction of Nsebiso from Dano
(ii) Contour interval in metres
(iii) Distance by road from Abinso to Lampa in kilometres
(iv) Direction of flow of River Abiri
(b) Name the features marked A, B, C and Z on the map
(c)
(i) What type of settlement is at Nsebiso
(ii) What is the main occupation of the people of Dano District?
2.
(a) State five characteristics of the harmattan
(b) In which two ways is the harmattan useful?
(c) Mention three disadvantages of the harmattan

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part.
3.
(a) Mention four achievements of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah.
(b) What are the four reasons that led to the overthrow of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah?
4.
(a) Name the four main vegetation types in Ghana.
(b) State four ways by which the vegetation is being destroyed.
(c) Mention two ways by which the vegetation can be protected.

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part
5.
(a) State four good effects that the coming of the Europeans had on West Africa.
(b) What four bad effects did the coming of the Europeans have on West Africa?
6.
(a) What is World Health Organization (WHO)
(b) Mention four achievements of WHO