Social Studies BECE 1997

August 1997
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. Our environment is made up of

A. plants and animals
B. roads and rivers
C. natural and man-made things
D. vegetation and climate
E. only non-living things

2. Protection of the environment in Ghana must be the responsibility of

A. the government
B. the Environmental Protection Agency
C. all people within the community
D. the Forestry Department
E. the Department of Game and Wildlife

3. The first Ghanaian member of the legislative council was

A. James Kwegyir Aggrey
B. George Kuntu Blankson
C. John Sey
D. Nana Sir Ofori Atta I
E. King Aggrey

4. The main duty of the police in a community is to

A. arrest criminals
B. terrorize little children
C. direct traffic
D. settle disputes
E. keep law and order

5. A model of the earth is called

A. a globe
B. an atlas
C. a map
D. a longitude
E. an equator

6. Latitude normally marked zero on maps is called the

A. Capricorn
B. Cancer
C. Equator
D. Hemisphere
E. Meridian

7. Latitudes and longitudes are used to

A. decorate maps
B. locate object on maps
C. show the direction of streams flow
D. show heights of mountains on maps
E. show pressure distribution on maps

8. A teacher explained to his class that Kete Krachi is sited at the meeting place of two rivers. Kete Krachi can therefore be described as

A. group town
B. delta town
C. ridge settlement
D. riverine settlement
E. confluence town

9. An escarpment has

A. gentle slope on all sides
B. a round top and steep sides
C. a steep slope on one side and a gentle slope on the other
D. steep slope on all sides
E. gentle slope on all side and a broad flat top

10. Latitude 66.5° South is also known as

A. Antarctic Circle
B. Arctic Circle
C. Greenwich Meridian
D. Prime Meridian
E. Great Circle

Use the contour diagram below to answer questions 11, 12 and 13

11. The feature marked A in the diagram above is a

A. valley
B. spur
C. ridge
D. elbow
E. gap

12. The feature marked B in the diagram can best be described as a

A. spur
B. ridge
C. plateau
D. mountain
E. elbow

13. The diagram represents a

A. mountain
B. ridge
C. plateau
D. plain
E. valley

14. The South-Western corner of Ghana has rains throughout the year because it is mostly influenced by the

A. North-East Trade Winds
B. Overhead Sun
C. Easterly Winds
D. South-West Monsoon
E. Inter-tropical Convergence Zone

15. Which of the following vegetation types cannot be found in Ghana?

A. Mangrove Forest
B. Temperate Woodland
C. Tropical Deciduous Forest
D. Guinea Savanna
E. Sudan Savanna

16. The Asante were in 1900, led to war against the British by

A. Osei Tutu
B. Osei Kwadwo
C. Kwasi Obodum
D. Nana Afriyie
E. Yaa Asantewaa

17. The people of Ghana were freed from Colonial rule on

A. 28th February, 1948
B. 6th March, 1957
C. 1st July, 1961
D. 4th June, 1979
E. 31st December, 1980

18. Kofi is a Member of Parliament, he therefore contributes to

A. administration of laws
B. arresting criminals
C. making of laws
D. judging criminals
E. conducting state elections

19. The main purpose of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is to

A. achieve political freedom
B. achieve political unity
C. expand the size of West Africa
D. achieve economic integration
E. reduce migration problems

20. The body that is working to prevent another world war is the

A. United Nations Organization (UNO)
B. League of Nations
C. Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
D. Organization of African Unity (OAU)
E. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

21. The leading producer of gold in West Africa is

A. Ghana
B. Nigeria
C. Liberia
D. Sierra Leone
E. Mali

22. The Jos Plateau in Nigeria is noted for the production of

A. gold
B. bauxite
C. tin
D. diamond
E. coal

23. Which of the following prevents desertification?

A. Overgrazing
B. Shortage of water
C. Excessive use of fuel
D. Afforestation
E. Rapid population increase.

24. The first republic of Ghana covered the period

A. 1957 to 1960
B. 1960 to 1966
C. 1966 to 1969
D. 1969 to 1972
E. 1972 to 1979

25. The Education Act of 1961

A. reduced the school-going age
B. introduced the Junior Secondary School System
C. made Primary Education free and compulsory
D. made Basic Education universal
E. increased accessibility to Secondary School

26. The settlement often described as the industrial city of Ghana is

A. Accra
B. Kumasi
C. Tamale
D. Takoradi
E. Tema

27. Cape Verde Island is found off the coast of

A. South Africa
B. West Africa
C. North Africa
D. East Africa
E. Central Africa

28. The Poll tax ordinance failed because the

A. chiefs did not agree with the British to levy tax
B. people had no money to pay the tax
C. British used the money to support the Asantes against the Fantes
D. tax was too high for the people
E. chiefs did not inform their people about the levy before the law was passed

29. All the following are weekly newspapers in Ghana except the

A. Spectator
B. Ghanaian Times
C. Mirror
D. Voice
E. People and Places

30. The official seat of the government of Ghana is the

A. Flagstaff House
B. Peduase Lodge
C. Osu Castle
D. State House
E. Black Star Square

31. The Meteorological Services Department deals with

A. water
B. stars
C. power
D. minerals
E. weather

32. General Pardon for offences against the state is

A. amnesty
B. freedom
C. grant
D. libel
E. treason

33. Which of the following towns is well noted for Manganese mining?

A. Obuasi
B. Nyinahin
C. Tarkwa
D. Akwatia
E. Nsuta

34. Laws for the country are made by

A. the President
B. Parliament
C. Supreme Court
D. District Assembly
E. the Attorney-General

35. The liquid rock beneath the earth‟s surface is called the

A. mantle
B. crust
C. magma
D. layer
E. atmosphere

36. On the maps, the sea is normally shown with the colour

A. green
B. yellow
C. white
D. blue
E. brown

37. The Organization of African Unity (OAU) is made up of only

A. Independent African States
B. Dependent African States
C. Colonial African States
D. Warring African States
E. Black African States

38. The Danes defeated the Anlos in the

A. Sagbadre war
B. Srogbo war
C. Sagrenti war
D. Dodowa war
E. Datsutagba war

39. The festival of harvest of the people of Navrongo is known as the

A. Ohum festival
B. Foo festival
C. Odehuro festival
D. Ahwie festival
E. Ngmayem festival

40. The Mediterranean lands are well known for the production of

A. minerals
B. textiles
C. citrus
D. metals
E. chemicals

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. C. natural and man-made things
2. C. all people within the community
3. C. John Sey
4. E. keep law and order
5. A. a globe
6. C. Equator
7. B. locate object on maps
8. E. confluence town
9. C. a steep slope on one side and a gentle slope on the other
10. A. Antarctic Circle
11. E. gap
12. A. spur
13. A. mountain
14. D. South-West Monsoon
15. B. Temperate Woodland
16. E. Yaa Asantewaa
17. B. 6th March, 1957
18. C. making of laws
19. D. achieve economic integration
20. A. United Nations Organization (UNO)
21. A. Ghana
22. C. tin
23. D. Afforestation
24. B. 1960 to 1966
25. C. made Primary Education free and compulsory
26. E. Tema
27. B. West Africa
28. E. chiefs did not inform their people about the levy before the law was passed
29. B. Ghanaian Times
30. C. Osu Castle
31. E. weather
32. A. amnesty
33. E. Nsuta
34. B. Parliament
35. C. magma
36. D. blue
37. A. Independent African States
38. A. Sagbadre war
39. B. Foo festival
40. C. citrus

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
1.
(a) On the outline map of West Africa provided, insert the following features:
(i) Accra
(ii) Lagos
(iii) River Senegal
(iv) River Volta
(v) River Niger
(vi) Jos Plateau
(b) Mention any two reasons why most rivers in West Africa are not navigable.
2.
(a) How are the following features shown on topographical maps?
(i) Railway
(ii) Marshy area
(iii) Court House
(iv) Mosque
(v) Market
(vi) Farm
(b) Mention two elements of the weather and the instrument used to measure each of them.

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part
3.
Explain any five achievements of Sir Alan Burns in the Gold Coast.
4.
(a) Mention five types of timber found in the forests of Ghana.
(b) Give five reasons that make the timber industry important in Ghana.

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part
5.
Explain five reasons why the Moroccans defeated the Songhai Empire at the battle of Tondibi.
6.
Describe five achievements of the Organization of African Unity (OAU)