Social Studies BECE 1996

August 1996
45 minutes

1. In which of the following belts in Ghana is cocoa commonly grown?

A. Mangrove forest
B. Tropical rainforest
C. Sudan savanna
D. Guinea savanna
E. Semi-deciduous forest

2. Which of the following places of interest attracts most tourists to Ghana?

A. Kotoka International Airport
B. Tema Harbour
C. Kakum National Park
D. Takoradi Harbour
E. Accra Sports Stadium

3. In the matrilineal system of inheritance, children inherit the property of their

A. father‟s mother
B. mother‟s brother
C. own mother
D. mother‟s father
E. own father

4. Which of the following is not a man-made feature?

A. Bridge
B. Settlement
C. Farm
D. Road
E. River

5. The time in Ghana is different from the time in Nigeria because of differences in

A. geological size
B. longitudinal position
C. population size
D. climate condition
E. latitudinal position

6. Some rivers meander in their lower course because

A. the land there is almost flat
B. the land there is very steep
C. the river erodes vertically at that stage
D. deposition is very low at this stage
E. the land there is strongly undulating

7. Aburi is normally cooler than Nsawam because

A. Nsawam is nearer the coast
B. Nsawam is in the Savanna zone
C. Nsawam is an industrial town
D. Aburi is on a highland
E. Aburi is in the forest belt

8. The main reason for encouraging farmers in Ghana to produce more cocoa is to

A. promote the manufacture of more cocoa products
B. generate more foreign exchange
C. make the farmer happy
D. set up more factories
E. help determine the best farmer.

9. In Ghana, Odwira festival usually serves all the following purposes except

A. providing entertainment
B. community development planning
C. pouring libation to the ancestors
D. purification of the ancestral stools
E. outdooring of new-born babies

10. The main purpose of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is to

A. achieve political freedom
B. achieve political unity
C. expand the size of West Africa
D. achieve free movement of peoples, goods and services
E. reduce migration problems

11. The League of Nations was formed soon after the

A. Middle West War
B. First World War
C. Second World War
D. Gulf War
E. Falkland War

12. How many seats were in the Legislative Assembly when Ghana became independent?

A. 204
B. 200
C. 120
D. 104
E. 100

Use the sketch map of Ghana to answer questions 13 to 19

13. The administrative region marked A is the

A. Central Region
B. Ashanti Region
C. Western Region
D. Northern Region
E. Brong Ahafo Region

14. The river marked R is

A. Afram
B. Oti
C. Ankobra
D. Pra
E. Densu

15. The town marked T is

A. Tamale
B. Bawku
C. Sunyani
D. Wa
E. Axim

16. What feature is marked F on the map?

A. Rubber plantation
B. Dam
C. Airport
D. Railway Station
E. Quarry

17. The people who live in the area shaded P are

A. Ewes
B. Akans
C. Ga-Adangmes
D. Mamprusis
E. Sissalas

18. The town marked O is a/an

A. mining town
B. harbour town
C. historic town
D. gap town
E. industrial town

19. The town lettered C is a/an

A. district capital
B. national capital
C. regional capital
D. rail terminus
E. industrial centre

20. One of the works of a Member of Parliament (MP) is to

A. make laws
B. judge criminals
C. arrest criminals
D. conduct state elections
E. administer laws

21. Which of the following is a land-locked country in West Africa?

A. Burkina Faso
B. Ghana
C. Nigeria
D. Sierra Leone
E. Liberia

22. Power in a democratic state is exercised by the

A. majority
B. judiciary
C. military
D. monarch
E. parliament

23. Which of the following is produced on a large scale in the Middle East?

A. Gold
B. Diamond
C. Coal
D. Petroleum
E. Iron

24. The Panama Canal links the Pacific Ocean to the

A. Indian Ocean
B. North Atlantic Ocean
C. Arctic Ocean
D. South Atlantic Ocean
E. Antarctic Ocean

25. Which governor ruled the country between 1919 and 1927?

A. Commander Hill
B. Sir Gordon Guggisberg
C. Sir Alan Burns
D. Lord Luggard
E. Sir Charles Maclean

26. The Mamprusi are believed to have come from

A. Northern Mali
B. Western Nigeria
C. Southern Ghana
D. The east of Lake Chad
E. The south of Lake Victoria

27. The Poll Tax Ordinance was passed in

A. 1820
B. 1825
C. 1852
D. 1874
E. 1896

28. Which of the following cannot be considered as an economic activity?

A. Farming
B. Manufacturing
C. Teaching
D. Learning
E. Driving

29. The system of trade in which goods are directly exchanged for goods is known as

A. monetary economy
B. exchange economy
C. barter economy
D. primitive economy
E. socialist economy

30. Which of the minerals is not mined in Ghana?

A. Gold
B. Bauxite
C. Tin
D. Manganese
E. Diamond

31. Trade between two countries is called

A. barter trade
B. surplus trade
C. domestic trade
D. multilateral trade
E. bilateral trade

32. The only West African country which produces more cocoa than Ghana is

A. Togo
B. Cote d‟Ivoire
C. Benin
D. Sierra Leone
E. Liberia

33. The main objective of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is to

A. promote political freedom
B. reduce political conflicts
C. promote economic integration
D. increase industrialization in West Africa
E. promote political unity in West Africa

34. Mixed farming involves the growing of a

A. single crop on a large scale
B. variety of crops on a large scale
C. single crop for export only
D. variety of crops and rearing of animals
E. single crop for feeding animals

35. The person who led the Gonjas to settle at their present home in Northern Ghana was

A. Ndewura Jakpa
B. Naa Dariziogo
C. Naa Sitobu
D. Naa Zirile
E. Tohazie

36. The United Nations Organization has all the following is its aims except to

A. maintain international peace and security
B. promote friendliness among nations
C. remove all unpopular Heads of States of member countries
D. promote international economic development
E. promote respect for human rights

37. All the following are metallic minerals except

A. bauxite
B. copper
C. gold
D. diamond
E. manganese

38. There is a large population of white settlers in the highland areas of East Africa because

A. of the beautiful natural vegetation
B. it is safe to travel along the steep slopes
C. of sufficient sunshine and warmth
D. of the availability of rainfall
E. of the cool and healthy atmosphere

39. The struggle for Ghana‟s independence from 1951 to 1957 was led by

A. Dr J. B. Danquah
B. Mr Ako Adjei
C. Dr K. A. Busia
D. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
E. Mr K. A. Gbedemah

40. Most of the lakes in East Africa were formed as a result of the

A. rift valley system
B. fold mountain system
C. action of volcanoes
D. action of tropical wind
E. action of waves

1. B. Tropical rainforest
2. C. Kakum National Park
3. B. mother‟s brother
4. E. River
5. B. longitudinal position
6. E. the land there is strongly undulating
7. D. Aburi is on a highland
8. B. generate more foreign exchange
9. E. outdooring of new-born babies
10. D. achieve free movement of peoples, goods and services
11. B. First World War
12. D. 104
13. E. Brong Ahafo Region
14. B. Oti
15. D. Wa
16. B. Dam
17. A. Ewes
18. C. historic town
19. C. regional capital
20. A. make laws
21. A. Burkina Faso
22. A. majority
23. D. Petroleum
24. B. North Atlantic Ocean
25. B. Sir Gordon Guggisberg
26. D. The east of Lake Chad
27. C. 1852
28. D. Learning
29. C. barter economy
30. C. Tin
31. E. bilateral trade
32. B. Cote d‟Ivoire
33. C. promote economic integration
34. D. variety of crops and rearing of animals
35. A. Ndewura Jakpa
36. C. remove all unpopular Heads of States of member countries
37. D. diamond
38. E. of the cool and healthy atmosphere
39. D. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
40. A. rift valley system

1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks
Answer one question only from this part.
Use the climatic data below to answer the questions that follow

(a) Calculate the mean monthly temperature for the first half of the year
(b) What is the annual temperature range?
(c) Find the total annual rainfall
(d) Describe the pattern of rainfall distribution.
With the aid of contours, describe the following types of slope
(a) Gentle slope
(b) Steep slope
(c) Concave slope
(d) Convex slope

Answer one question only from this part
Explain the importance of rivers in Ghana
(a) Describe three duties of a citizen of Ghana.
(b) Explain any two rights of a citizen of Ghana.

Answer one question only from this part
(a) State four conditions necessary for economic growth and high productivity.
(b) Give three reasons why Ghana‟s economy is not growing.
(a) State any four aims of the United Nations Organization (UNO).
(b) Explain two problems facing the United Nations Organization (UNO).