Social Studies BECE 1995

August 1995
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. Which of the following latitudes almost divides the African continent into two equal halves?

A. Tropic of Cancer
B. Tropic of Capricorn
C. Equator
D. Prime Meridian
E. Arctic Circle

2. Which of the following is important in the manufacture of cutting tools?

A. Tin
B. Iron
C. Silver
D. Lead
E. Diamond

3. Children under the age of five years should be immunized against all the following diseases except

A. Polio
B. Tetanus
C. Cholera
D. Diphtheria
E. Whooping cough

4. The League of Nations was formed immediately after the

A. Middle East War
B. Gulf War
C. First World War
D. Second World War
E. Falkland War

5. The main means of transportation in The Gambia is

A. road
B. rail
C. air
D. water
E. caravan

6. The Asantes were led in a war against the British in 1900 by

A. Osei Tutu
B. Osei Kodwo
C. Kwasi Obodum
D. Nana Afriyie
E. Yaa Asantewa

7. If the time in Accra on longitude zero degree is 2:30 pm the time in Cairo on longitude 30° E will be

A. 4:30 pm
B. 5:30 pm
C. 6:30 pm
D. 7:30 pm
E. 8:30 pm

8. Which of the following is not a cereal crop?

A. Rice
B. Maize
C. Wheat
D. Millet
E. Coffee

9. Malnutrition among children often results in

A. Polio
B. Tetanus
C. Measles
D. Kwashiorkor
E. Malaria

10. Aluminium is obtained from

A. copper ore
B. tin ore
C. iron ore
D. gold
E. bauxite

11. Which organ of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) has the highest authority?

A. General Secretariat
B. The Council of Ministers
C. The Assembly of Heads of States and Governments
D. The Commission of Peace
E. The Mediation Commission

12. The capital of the old Ghana Empire was

A. Walata
B. Timbuktu
C. Jeriba
D. Diara
E. Kumbi Saleh

13. The United Nations Day is celebrated every year on

A. 24th October
B. 24th November
C. 24th December
D. 24th January
E. 24th February

14. Which of the following areas in Ghana is most likely to experience relief rainfall?

A. Lowlands
B. Accra Plains
C. Northern Lowlands
D. Kwahu Scarp
E. Afram Plains

15. The British Togoland joined Ghana in the year

A. 1948
B. 1951
C. 1956
D. 1957
E. 1961

16. Who was the Head of State of Ghana between 1954 and 1960?

A. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
B. Dr J. B. Danquah
C. The Queen of Britain
D. Dr K. A. Busia
E. Mr T. Hutton Mills

17. The most important commercial crop in Ghana is

A. sheanut
B. cocoa
C. cola nut
D. coffee
E. groundnut

18. The Bond of 1844 was a peace agreement signed between the people of Southern Ghana and

A. Captain George Maclean
B. Sir Alan Burns
C. Sir Gordon Guggisberg
D. Sir Charles McCarthy
E. Commander Hill

19. The country which shares a common border with Ghana in the North is

A. Cote d‟Ivoire
B. Togo
C. Nigeria
D. Burkina Faso
E. Mali

20. The largest vegetation type in Ghana is

A. Sahel savanna
B. Guinea savannah
C. Mangrove forest
D. Coastal thicket
E. Evergreen forest

21. The coastal wind which blows from land towards the sea at night is called

A. Harmattan
B. Sea Breeze
C. South-West Monsoon
D. Land Breeze
E. Easterly Winds

22. The meeting point of two rivers is called the

A. mouth
B. drainage
C. source
D. terminus
E. confluence

23. Which of the following is a bad effect of heavy rainfall?

A. Provision of potable water
B. Provision of water for irrigation
C. Increasing the volume of streams
D. Causing erosion of soil
E. Promotion of plant growth

24. The Poll Tax Ordinance failed because the

A. chiefs did not agree with the British to levy tax
B. people had no money to pay the tax
C. British used the money to support the Asantes against the Fantes
D. tax was too high for the people
E. chiefs did not inform their people about the levy before the law was passed

25. Which of the following is not an element of the weather?

A. Rain
B. Wind
C. Thermometer
D. Sunshine
E. Cloud

26. Which of the following is a secondary economic activity?

A. Forestry
B. Fishing
C. Quarrying
D. Ranching
E. Manufacturing

27. Which of the following types of timber is not found in the tropical forest of West Africa?

A. Mahogany
B. Spruce
C. Wawa
D. Odum
E. Sapele

28. The most important mineral product of the Niger Delta is

A. Petroleum
B. Tin
C. Coal
D. Bauxite
E. Zinc

29. Fish can be preserved in the following ways except by

A. smoking
B. salting
C. drying
D. cooking
E. freezing

30. Which of the following is not a main food crop cultivated in Ghana?

A. Maize
B. Plantain
C. Cocoyam
D. Wheat
E. Rice

31. The last Governor-General of Ghana was

A. Sir Charles Noble Arden-Clarke
B. Sir Gordon Guggisberg
C. Captain George Maclean
D. Sir Garnet Wolsley
E. Lord Listowell

32. The first British governor to draw up a development plan for the Gold Coast was

A. Sir Alan Burns
B. Commander Hill
C. Lord Listowel
D. Sir Gordon Guggisberg
E. Captain George Maclean

33. Limestone changes under great heat and pressure to become

A. quartzite
B. slate
C. gneiss
D. graphite
E. marble

34. Who was the first Ghanaian chief justice?

A. Sir Arku Korsah
B. Dr. JB Danquah
C. Justice Apaloo
D. R.A.C Crabbe
E. Mr William Ofori-Atta

35. The Headquarters of the United Nations Organization is in

A. Geneva
B. Washington
C. New York
D. Amsterdam
E. Addis Ababa

36. The body that is working to prevent another world war is the

A. United Nations Organization (UNO)
B. League of Nations
C. Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
D. Organization of African Unity (OAU)
E. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

37. Which of the following cannot be considered as an environmental hazard?

A. Desertification
B. Bush fires
C. Afforestation
D. Soil erosion
E. Air pollution

38. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was formed in

A. 1974
B. 1975
C. 1976
D. 1977
E. 1978

39. At the United Nations Organization, veto power is used by the

A. International Court of Justice
B. Food and Agricultural Organization
C. Permanent Members of the Security Council
D. General Assembly
E. Secretary General

40. Cotton is the main raw material used in making

A. paper
B. shoes
C. cigarettes
D. furniture
C. cloth

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. C. Equator
2. E. Diamond
3. C. Cholera
4. C. First World War
5. D. water
6. E. Yaa Asantewa
7. A. 4:30 pm
8. E. Coffee
9. D. Kwashiorkor
10. E. bauxite
11. C. The Assembly of Heads of States and Governments
12. E. Kumbi Saleh
13. A. 24th October
14. D. Kwahu Scarp
15. C. 1956
16. C. The Queen of Britain
17. B. cocoa
18. E. Commander Hill
19. D. Burkina Faso
20. B. Guinea savannah
21. D. Land Breeze
22. E. confluence
23. D. Causing erosion of soil
24. E. chiefs did not inform their people about the levy before the law was passed
25. C. Thermometer
26. E. Manufacturing
27. B. Spruce
28. A. Petroleum
29. D. cooking
30. D. Wheat
31. E. Lord Listowell
32. D. Sir Gordon Guggisberg
33. E. marble
34. A. Sir Arku Korsah
35. C. New York
36. A. United Nations Organization (UNO)
37. C. Afforestation
38. B. 1975
39. C. Permanent Members of the Security Council
40. C. cloth

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
1.
Use the map below to answer the following questions
(a) Draw the bar graph to represent the consumption of fertilizer by the four regions of Chero.
(b) Calculate the total volume of fertilizers used in Chero as shown on the map.
(c) Which two regions used the least amount of fertilizer in Chero?
2.
(a) Name the three (3) types of rainfall.
(b) With the aid of a diagram, describe how any one type of rainfall is formed.

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part
3.
(a) Mention four types of agricultural practices in Ghana.
(b) Give two advantages and two disadvantages each of any two of the types of agricultural practices mentioned in (a) above.
4.
Explain the importance of a named festival of one tribe in Ghana.

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part
5.
(a) What are the four major problems related to cattle rearing in Africa.
(b) Suggest solutions to any two of these problems.
6.
(a) State five aims of the Organization of African Unity (OAU).
(b) Mention five achievements of the Organization of African Unity (OAU).