Social Studies BECE 1994

August 1994
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. The three main ways of expressing scales are linear, representative fraction and

A. kilometres
B. longitude
C. latitude
D. statement
E. distance

2. Which of the following is a cardinal point of the compass?

A. North –East
B. South-West
C. East
D. South-East
E. West-South-West

3. The contour pattern shows a

A. ridge
B. valley
C. conical hill
D. plain
E. depression

4. The earth is a

A. planet
B. meteorite
C. star
D. globe
E. satellite

5. The world‟s largest ocean is the

A. Atlantic
B. Pacific
C. Indian
D. Arctic
E. Antarctic

6. The Second Republic of Ghana covered the period

A. 1957 to 1960
B. 1960 to 1966
C. 1966 to 1969
D. 1969 to 1972
E. 1972 to 1979

7. Which of the following is not an agent of erosion?

A. Wind
B. River
C. Sea
D. Ice
E. Volcano

8. Coal often occurs in

A. igneous rocks
B. volcanic rocks
C. sedimentary rocks
D. plutonic rocks
E. metamorphic rocks

9. The main reason for encouraging farmers in Ghana to produce more cocoa is to

A. promote the manufacture of more cocoa products
B. generate more foreign exchange
C. make the farmers happy
D. set up more factories
E. help determine the best farmer

10. Convectional rainfall is caused by

A. sinking cold air
B. ocean currents
C. mountains
D. rising warm air
E. air masses

11. To determine the climate of a place, its weather records are studied for at least

A. 10 years
B. 20 years
C. 30 years
D. 40 years
E. 50 years

12. The first capital of Ga-Adamgbe was

A. Accra
B. Ayawaso
C. Nsawam
D. Krobo-Odumase
E. Somanya

13. The name given to the temperate grassland in South America is the

A. Pampas
B. Prairies
C. Savanna
D. Steppe
E. Veld

14. Ocean currents which flow from the equator towards the poles are

A. warm
B. cool
C. polar
D. cold
E. temperate

15. The time in Ghana is different from the time in Nigeria because of differences in

A. geographical size
B. longitudinal position
C. population size
D. climatic conditions
E. latitudinal position

16. Farms which specialize in rearing cattle for milk are

A. longitudinal position
B. mixed farms
C. poultry farms
D. market gardens
E. pastoral farms

17. Which of the following is produced on a large scale in the Middle East?

A. Bauxite
B. Coal
C. Petroleum
D. Gold
E. Diamond

18. Lumbering is difficult in the tropical rain forest regions because of

A. high temperature
B. lack of roads
C. high technology
D. high rainfall
E. wild animals

19. Which of the following is not a hard wood?

A. Mahogany
B. Wawa
C. Teak
D. Sapele
E. Ebony

20. The most important fishing ground in the world is the

A. Indian Ocean
B. Antarctic Ocean
C. North-West Pacific
D. South-West Pacific
E. South-East Pacific

21. What is the cheapest source of power for large industries?

A. Petroleum
B. Coal
C. Gas
D. Water
E. Firewood

22. The Suez Canal links the Mediterranean sea to the

A. Baltic Sea
B. Red Sea
C. Adriatic Sea
D. Arctic Sea
E. Antarctic Sea

23. Sheep are reared for

A. wool and hide
B. hide and mutton
C. mutton and wool
D. wool and beef
E. beef and hide

24. Fruits are good sources of

A. vitamin A and C
B. vitamin A and B
C. vitamin B and C
D. vitamin A and D
E. vitamin C and D

25. The capital of the Ancient Ghana Empire was

A. Gao
B. Kumbi-Saleh
C. Timbuktu
D. Walata
E. Niani

26. The International Court of Justice is based in

A. Paris
B. New York
C. The Hague
D. London
E. Rome

27. Which of the following was not a British Colony?

A. The Gambia
B. Liberia
C. Sierra Leone
D. Nigeria
E. Ghana

28. The Governor of the Gold Coast during the 1948 riots was

A. Sir Gerald Creasy
B. Sir Charles Noble Arden-Clarke
C. Sir Aiken Watson
D. Sir Henley Coussey
E. Captain George Maclean

29. The most industrialized country in Africa is

A. Ghana
B. South Africa
C. Egypt
D. Libya
E. Kenya

30. Attendance at school morning assembly is not compulsory for

A. teachers
B. pupils
C. parents
D. headmasters
E. senior prefects

31. The mother language of the people of Gyaman is

A. Brong
B. Nzema
C. Ewe
D. Fante
E. Adangme

32. Which of the following is not an indigenous Ghanaian language?

A. Dagaare
B. Ga
C. Nzema
D. Efutu
E. Hausa

33. In northern Ghana, chiefs are

A. enthroned
B. enskinned
C. enstooled
D. enlisted
E. empowered

34. International sporting activities are organized in order to

A. promote friendship
B. win trophies
C. determine losers
D. generate enmity
E. enable athletes travel

35. All the following are methods of preserving fish in Ghana except

A. smoking
B. drying
C. freezing
D. steaming
E. canning

36. The white settlers of South Africa introduced a system of
government known as
A. apartheid
B. democracy
C. autocracy
D. theocracy
E. bureaucracy

37. The aspect of production concerned with the provision of services is

A. Primary Production
B. Secondary Production
C. Tertiary Production
D. Industrial Production
E. Food Crop Production

38. Which of the following diseases does not attack livestock?

A. Kwashiorkor
B. Coccidiosis
C. Anthrax
D. Newcastle
E. Sleeping Sickness

39. Which of the following economic activities does not cause deforestation in Ghana?

A. Lumbering
B. Fishing
C. Crop Growing
D. Mining
E. Charcoal making

40. The main duty of the police service is to

A. Collect debts for creditors
B. Maintain law and order
C. Arrest and judge thieves
D. Protect national property
E. Check drug abuse

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. D. statement
2. C. East
3. C. conical hill
4. A. planet
5. B. Pacific
6. D. 1969 to 1972
7. E. Volcano
8. C. sedimentary rocks
9. B. generate more foreign exchange
10. D. rising warm air
11. C. 30 years
12. B. Ayawaso
13. A. Pampas
14. A. warm
15. B. longitudinal position
16. B. longitudinal position
17. C. Petroleum
18. B. lack of roads
19. B. Wawa
20. B. Antarctic Ocean
21. D. Water
22. B. Red Sea
23. C. mutton and wool
24. A. vitamin A and C
25. B. Kumbi-Saleh
26. C. The Hague
27. B. Liberia
28. A. Sir Gerald Creasy
29. B. South Africa
30. C. parents
31. A. Brong
32. E. Hausa
33. B. enskinned
34. A. promote friendship
35. D. steaming
36. A. apartheid
37. C. Tertiary Production
38. A. Kwashiorkor
39. C. Crop Growing
40. B. Maintain law and order

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
1.
With the aid of contour lines, describe any four of the following land forms:
(a) Valley
(b) Spur
(c) Col
(d) Escarpment
(e) Ridge
2.
The data below shows the quantity of crops produced in Kudzra in 1990. Study them and answer the questions which follow:
Crop
Volume of Production in tons
Citrus
5,000
Grapes
10,000
Pear
15,000
(a) Draw a simple bar graph to illustrate the data above using the scale 1:2500
(b) Express the production of grapes as a percentage of the total production

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part
3.
(a) Mention four minerals in Ghana.
(b) Name one important town associated with each mineral mentioned in Ghana.
(c) Mention the method of extraction of any three of the minerals.
(d) Give one use each of any three minerals mentioned.
4.
State five roles played by traditional heads in Ghana

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part
5.
What five major problems face the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)?
6.
State five problems of food production in Africa