Social Studies BECE 1993

August 1993
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. The colour used for showing rivers and lakes on topographical maps is

A. red
B. blue
C. brown
D. green
E . yellow

Use the contour line above to answer questions 2 and 3

2. The vertical interval is

A. 100 m
B. 200 m
C. 300 m
D. 400 m
E. 500 m

3. The landform shown is a

A. cliff
B. valley
C. ridge
D. plateau
E. spur

4. How many days does the earth take to complete its journey around the sun?

A. 360 ¼
B. 365
C. 365 ¼
D. 366
E. 366 ¼

5. The revolution of the earth around the sun is the main cause of

A. the rise and fall in the sea level
B. day and night
C. changes in wind direction
D. the four seasons
E. changes in the direction of the ocean current

6. When it is 2:00 pm at a place on longitude 0°, the time at a place on longitude 45°W will be

A. 10:00 am
B. 11:00 am
C. 12:00 noon
D. 4:00 pm
E. 5:00 pm

7. When the sun is overhead on the Tropic of Capricorn, areas in the Southern Hemisphere experience

A. equinoxes
B. spring
C. summer
D. autumn
E. winter

8. Which of the following is not a coastal landform?

A. Cliff
B. Estuary
C. Sandbar
D. Lagoon
E. Inselberg

9. A common feature found along the lower course of a river is a

A. meander
B. gorge
C. tributary
D. waterfall
E. mountain

Use the table below, which shows the temperature and rainfall figures recorded for town A, to answer questions 10 – 12.

10. In which month was the highest rainfall recorded?

A. April
B. May
C. June
D. July
E. August

11. The total amount of rainfall recorded for the year was

A. 576 mm
B. 607 mm
C. 667 mm
D. 706 mm
E. 767 mm

12. The annual range of temperature was

A. 10 °C
B. 20 °C
C. 21 °C
D. 25 °C
E. 30 °C

13. Which of the following statements best describes the position of Ghana?

A. Ghana is to the east of the Republic of Togo
B. Burkina Faso is the southern neighbour of Ghana
C. Ghana is to the immediate west of Niger
D. Ghana is to the immediate east of La Cote d‟Ivoire
E. Ghana is boarded to the north by the Gulf of Guinea.

14. The main vegetation types found in the Northern parts of Ghana is

A. evergreen forest
B. mangrove swamp
C. hot desert
D. semi-deciduous forest
E. savanna grassland

15. The hot dry winds that blow over most parts of Ghana during the harmattan are the

A. south-west monsoon
B. south easterly winds
C. north-westerly winds
D. north-east trade winds
E. easterly winds

16. The most important export commodity for Ghana is

A. timber
B. cocoa
C. coffee
D. pineapple
E. kola

17. Which of the following minerals is not mined in Ghana?

A. Gold
B. Diamond
C. Tin
D. Manganese
E. Bauxite

18. The main cause of the formation of the Volta Lake was the

A. construction of a dam across the Volta River
B. generation of hydro-electric power from the Volta River
C. activities of the fishermen along the Volta River
D. construction of a bridge across the Volta River
E. development of river transportation on the Volta River

19. Which of the following may help solve the problem of forest destruction in Ghana?

A. Bush burning
B. Lumbering
C. Mining
D. Farming
E. Afforestation

20. The most popular mode of transport in Ghana is by

A. sea
B. rail
C. air
D. road
E. river

21. All the big textile factories in Ghana are located at

A. Tamale
B. Winneba
C. Tema
D. Kumasi
E. Nsawam

22. Which of the following do people belonging to the same ethnic group in Ghana have in common?

A. Clothes
B. Language
C. Name
D. Occupation
E. Religion

23. Which of the following is not associated with celebration of festivals in Ghana?

A. Planning Developmental Projects
B. Cleansing Ancestral Stools
C. Feasting and Merry-making
D. Paying homage of chiefs
E. Establishing a new settlement

24. In the history of Ghana, Yaa Asantewaa is noted for the

A. War of 1901
B. Akatamanso war
C. War of 1874
D. Adaamanso war
E. Feyiase war

25. The Mamprusi in Ghana are believed to have come from

A. the Upper East Region
B. Western Region
C. southern Ghana
D. eastern part of Lake Chad
E. western part of Lake Chad

26. The Accelerated Development Plan of education was introduced in Ghana in 1951 for the following reasons except

A. reduction of primary school education to six years
B. setting up many teacher training colleges
C. reduction in the number of job opportunities for school leavers
D. helping of some workers study privately to enter universities
E. increasing of the number of university students

27. The second Republic of Ghana covered the period

A. 1957 to 1960
B. 1960 to 1966
C. 1966 to 1969
D. 1969 to 1972
E. 1972 to 1979

28. The struggle for the independence of Ghana from 1951 to 1957 was led by

A. Dr J.B. Danquah
B. Mr Ako Adjei
C. Dr K.A. Busia
D. Mr K.A. Gbedemah
E. Dr Kwame Nkrumah

29. Who was the chairman of the Center for Civic Education in Ghana?

A. Dr K.A. Busia
B. Mr Kojo Botsio
C. Dr John Bilson
D. Mr A Casely-Hayford
E. Mr K.A. Gbedemah

30. The 1979 Constitution of Ghana was the

A. first after independence
B. second after independence
C. third after independence
D. fourth after independence
E. fifth after independence

31. Trade between two countries is called

A. barter trade
B. surplus trade
C. domestic trade
D. multilateral trade
E. bilateral trade

32. Which of the following Educational Policies emphasized the education of the girl-child in Ghana?

A. Education Act of 1961
B. Education Act of 1951
C. FCUBE of 1996
D. Education Reforms of 1987
E. New Reform of 1974

33. Most of the lakes in East Africa were formed as a result of the

A. rift valley system
B. fold mountain system
C. action of volcanoes
D. action of wind
E. action of sea waves

34. There is a large population of white settlers in the highland areas of East Africa mainly because

A. of the beautiful natural scenery
B. it is safe to travel along the steep slopes
C. of the sunshine and warmth
D. of the availability of water
E. of the cool, healthy and pleasant environment

35. Which of the following African countries is a leading producer of cotton?

A. Kenya
B. Malawi
C. Egypt
D. Zambia
E. Uganda

36. Cotton is the raw material used in making

A. paper
B. clothes
C. shoes
D. cigarettes
E. furniture

37. All the following are metallic minerals except

A. bauxite
B. copper
C. gold
D. diamond
E. manganese

38. In which of the following countries is the system of apartheid commonly practiced

A. Egypt
B. Mauritania
C. Kenya
D. Nigeria
E. South Africa

39. Which of the following organizations was set up mainly to help solve the problem of hunger and disease in the world?

A. The FAO
B. The ECA
C. The UNDP
D. The OAU
E. The UNHCR

40. The UNO has all the following aims except

A. maintenance of international peace and security
B. development of friendly relations among nations
C. removal of unpopular heads of states of member countries
D. solving international problems
E. promotion of respect for human rights

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. B. blue
2. A. 100 m
3. E. spur
4. C. 365 ¼
5. D. the four seasons
6. B. 11:00 am
7. C. summer
8. A. meander
9. A. meander
10. C. June
11. A. 576 mm
12. A. 10 °C
13. D. Ghana is to the immediate east of La Cote d‟Ivoire
14. E. savanna grassland
15. D. north-east trade winds
16. B. cocoa
17. C. Tin
18. A. construction of a dam across the Volta River
19. E. Afforestation
20. D. road
21. C. Tema
22. B. Language
23. E. Establishing a new settlement
24. A. War of 1901
25. D. eastern part of Lake Chad
26. C. reduction in the number of job opportunities for school leavers
27. D. 1969 to 1972
28. E. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
29. A. Dr K.A. Busia
30. C. third after independence
31. E. bilateral trade
32. A. Education Act of 1961
33. A. rift valley system
34. E. of the cool, healthy and pleasant environment
35. C. Egypt
36. B. clothes
37. D. diamond
38. E. South Africa
39. A. The FAO
40. C. removal of unpopular heads of states of member countries

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
Use the map of Tamo to answer Question 1
1.
(a) What is the direction of Kissi from Tamo?
(b) Calculate the distance in kilometres along the class one road from Aplu to the bridge across River Lawi
(c) What is the direction of flow of River Lawi?
(d) Name the feature marked X at the mouth of River Lawi
(e) Mention the main two lines of communication of the area.
(f) Using the map only, name two products that are likely to be exported through the Tamo port.
2.
(a) Name three types of rainfall
(b) With the help of a diagram describe how any one type of rainfall is formed.

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part
3.
(a) Mention four qualities that made Osei Tutu a good ruler of the Asantes
(b) What three things did Osei Tutu do to keep the Asantes united?
4.
(a) Mention four sources from which fish are caught in Ghana.
(b) Describe two ways by which the fish are caught.
(c) Name:
(i) two types of fish caught
(ii) two methods of preserving fish

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part
5.
(a) What was the major activity which brought foreigners into West Africa?
(b) What four effects did the coming of the foreigners have on the lives of the people of West Africa?
6.
(a) Mention five achievements of the Aborigines Rights Protection Society (A.R.P.S)