Social Studies BECE 1991

August 1991
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 minutes

1. The earth rotates on its axis every

A. 12 hours
B. 24 hours
C. 36 hours
D. 48 hours
E. 50 hours

2. The ratio between measurement on a map and the actual corresponding distance on the ground is

A. a longitude
B. a scale
C. a latitude
D. an isotherm
E. a contour

3. The instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure is called

A. rain gauge
B. thermometer
C. an anemometer
D. barometer
E. wind vane

4. Which of the following is not an imaginary line drawn on maps?

A. Axis
B. Equator
C. Latitude
D. Longitude
E. Greenwich Meridian

5. The conventional sign Δ drawn on topographical maps stands for

A. survey beacon
B. boundary pillar
C. wireless station
D. camp site
E. trigonometric station

6. A long narrow depression with a downward slope on the earth‟s surface is called

A. an inselberg
B. sand dune
C. valley
D. a ridge
E. a spur

7. The following are continents in the world except

A. Africa
B. Canada
C. Europe
D. Australia
E. South America

8. The capital of the Upper East Region is

A. Bolgatanga
B. Tamale
C. Wa
D. Bawku
E. Zuarungu

9. The highest annual rainfall in Ghana is recorded at

A. Accra
B. Kumasi
C. Sunyani
D. Navrongo
E. Axim

10. In which of the following regions in Ghana is Lake Bosomtwi located?

A. Brong Ahafo
B. Eastern
C. Central
D. Ashanti
E. Northern

11. Nsuta in Ghana is noted for the mining of

A. diamond
B. manganese
C. bauxite
D. salt
E. gold

12. The language spoken by the largest group of people in Ghana is

A. Hausa
B. Ewe
C. Akan
D. Guan
E. Dagaare

13. The Aboakyir festival is celebrated by the people of

A. Dodowa
B. Elmina
C. Wenchi
D. Salaga
E. Winneba

14. Which of the following is a primary occupation?

A. Fishing
B. Teaching
C. Carpentry
D. Trading
E. Dressmaking

15. Golden jubilee is celebrated at every

A. 10 years
B. 15 years
C. 25 years
D. 50 years
E. 100 years

16. Which of the following West African countries is the leading producer of phosphate?

A. Ghana
B. La Cote d‟Ivoire
C. Nigeria
D. Liberia
E. Togo

17. The first castle built in Ghana in 1482 was in

A. Cape Coast
B. Accra
C. Axim
D. Anomabo
E. Elmina

18. The Jos plateau in Nigeria is noted for the production of

A. Gold
B. Bauxite
C. Tin
D. Diamond
E. Coal

19. The Meteorological Services Department deals with

A. water
B. star
C. power
D. minerals
E. weather

20. Electricity from Ghana is exported to

A. Gabon
B. Togo
C. Nigeria
D. Liberia
E. Sierra Leone

21. The Fulanis are noted for

A. lumbering
B. herding
C. trading
D. fishing
E. mining

22. The Sagrenti War of 1874 was fought between the

A. Fantes and Asantes
B. British and Fantes
C. Akyems and Asantes
D. British and Asantes
E. Akwapims and Akwamus

23. Yaa Asantewaa, who led the Asante army to war in 1901, was the queenmother of

A. Kumasi
B. Kromantsi
C. Ejisu
D. Juaben
E. Bekwai

24. The first capital town to be built by the Asantes was

A. Kumawu
B. Kumasi
C. Kokofu
D. Nsuta
E. Asantemanso

25. Who was the first person to represent the British government in the Gold Coast?

A. Captain George Maclean
B. Commander Hill
C. Sir Gordon Guggisberg
D. Sir Charles McCarthy
E. Sir Alan Burns

26. Who was the chairman of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC)

A. George Grant
B. Dr JB Danquah
C. Ako Adjei
D. EA Akuffo-Addo
E. Obetsebi Lamptey

27. The capital of the ancient Ghana Empire was

A. Walata
B. Kumbi-Saleh
C. Gao
D. Jeriba
E. Timbuktu

28. The most important commodities of the Trans-Saharan trade were

A. salt and kola nuts
B. gold and gunpowder
C. salt and gold
D. palm oil and gold
E. beads and salt

29. The Organization of African Unity is made up of only

A. independent African states
B. dependent African states
C. colonized African states
D. warring African states
E. black African states

30. The Mediterranean lands are well known for the production of

A. minerals
B. textiles
C. citrus
D. metals
E. chemicals

31. Which of the following diseases cannot be prevented by immunization?

A. Measles
B. AIDS
C. Polio
D. Small Pox
E. Whooping Cough

32. How many countries form the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)

A. Ten
B. Fourteen
C. Sixteen
D. Twenty
E. Twenty-one

33. Which of the following countries is not a member of the Economics Community of West African States?

A. Guinea Bissau
B. Mali
C. Mauritania
D. Cameroon

34. Commonwealth Day falls on

A. 12th March
B. 1st May
C. 1st July
D. 24th October
E. 31st December

35. Bauxite is the raw material for the production of

A. brass
B. steel
C. aluminium
D. bronze
E. copper

36. Who was the first chairman of the Organization of African Unity (OAU)

A. Ahmed Sekou Toure
B. Jomo Kenyatta
C. Dr Kwame Nkrumah
D. Nnamdi Azikiwe
E. Haile Selassie

37. The headquarters of the World Health Organization is at

A. Addis Ababa
B. Geneva
C. Washington DC
D. New York
E. Cairo

38. The system of apartheid was practiced in

A. Ireland
B. Congo
C. Korea
D. South-Africa
E. Britain

39. In which year was Nelson Mandela released from prison?

A. 1970
B. 1979
C. 1980
D. 1989
E. 1990

40. The factions in the Liberia civil war signed the Bamako Peace Accord in

A. July 1990
B. August 1990
C. October 1990
D. November 1990
E. December 1990

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. B. 24 hours
2. B. a scale
3. D. barometer
4. A. Axis
5. E. trigonometric station
6. C. valley
7. B. Canada
8. A. Bolgatanga
9. E. Axim
10. D. Ashanti
11. B. manganese
12. C. Akan
13. E. Winneba
14. A. Fishing
15. D. 50 years
16. E. Togo
17. E. Elmina
18. C. Tin
19. E. weather
20. B. Togo
21. B. herding
22. D. British and Asantes
23. C. Ejisu
24. A. Kumawu
25. D. Sir Charles McCarthy
26. A. George Grant
27. B. Kumbi-Saleh
28. C. salt and gold
29. A. independent African states
30. C. citrus
31. B. AIDS
32. C. Sixteen
33. D. Cameroon
34. A. 12th March
35. C. aluminium
36. E. Haile Selassie
37. B. Geneva
38. D. South-Africa
39. E. 1990
40. C. October 1990

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.
Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material
All questions carry equal marks

PART I
MAP SKILLS AND ENVIRONMENT
Answer one question only from this part.
1.
Describe any four methods used for showing relief features on maps
2.
The figures below represent the amount of rainfall recorded in a village from 1st to 7th September 1989

(a) Using a graph paper and a suitable scale draw a bar graph to illustrate the figures.
(b) On which day was the highest amount of rainfall recorded?
(c) What was the lowest amount of rainfall recorded?
(d) Name the instrument used for recording rainfall.

PART II
THE NATIONAL COMMUNITY
Answer one question only from this part
3.
What would you consider as four main benefits of the Junior Secondary School Education?
4.
(a) Identify five important types of timber found in the forest of Ghana
(b) Mention five uses of timber.

PART III
WEST AFRICA, AFRICA AND THE WORLD
Answer one question only from this part
5.
(a) What are the four major problems related to cattle rearing in Africa?
(b) Suggest solutions to any two of these problems.
6.
What are four effects of wars in the world?