Religious and Moral Education RME BECE 2008

April 2008
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION 1
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 Minutes

1. According to the Bible, the first thing created was

A. darkness
B. light
C. plant
D. land

2. Cain‟s violent action against Abel was due to

A. greed
B. jealousy
C. selfishness
D. misunderstanding

3. The Akans call God Tweduampon because He is

A. everlasting
B. dependable
C. omnipotent
D. forgiving

4. The Israelites were finally led to the land of Canaan by

A. Aaron
B. Moses
C. Joshua
D. Caleb

5. The Odwira festival is important because it is

A. a feast of thanksgiving
B. a feast of purification
C. to honour the ancestors
D. to hoot at hunger

6. Amina is popular among Muslims because she

A. married Muhammad
B. gave birth to Muhammad
C. supported Muhammad in the jihad
D. was Muhammad‟s sister

7. God‟s omniscience implies that He

A. loves His children
B. protects His people
C. knows whatever we do
D. forgives us our sins

8. Islam recommends early marriage and child betrothal in order to

A. avoid moral slips
B. prevent child abuse
C. receive reward from Allah
D. facilitate the practice of polygamy

9. The main reason why Christians pray is to

A. receive daily needs from God
B. have God‟s protection
C. overcome temptation
D. have fellowship with God

10. The three main religions in Ghana teach that

A. spirits plead on our behalf
B. love and honesty are godliness
C. God will save the wrong doer
D. God is resting after creation

11. A chapter of the Qur‟an is called

A. Ayah
B. Hadith
C. Surah
D. Sunnah

12. The death of Jesus teaches us how we must

A. be committed to our children
B. love one another in all things
C. faithfully serve our nation
D. sacrifice for the church.

13. Mount Calvary was the place where Jesus

A. ascended to heaven
B. was crucified
C. was transfigured
D. preached his last sermon

14. Moses ordered the celebration of the Passover to commemorate the

A. crossing of the Red Sea
B. deliverance from Egyptian bondage
C. death of Egyptian first-born
D. encounter with the Burning Bush

15. The moral lesson from the life of Tweneboa Kodua is that one should cultivate the habit of

A. faithfulness
B. punctuality
C. truthfulness
D. sacrifice

16. Caliph Abubakar led prayers in the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad because the Prophet

A. was tired
B. was sick
C. wanted to test him
D. had travelled

17. Blessed are the meek for they shall

A. obtain mercy
B. see God
C. inherit the earth
D. be satisfied

18. Dipo is a traditional

A. form of worship
B. puberty rite
C. naming ceremony
D. marriage rite

19. The essence of Zakat is to

A. cater for the needy
B. offer sacrifice to Allah
C. spread the religion of Islam
D. celebrate the Eid festival

20. Jesus‟ washing of the feet of His disciples teaches a lesson in

A. respect for the elderly
B. expressing love to others
C. rendering service to others
D. being helpful to others

21. Decent dressing and good eating habits show

A. the level of training one has received
B. the particular community one comes from
C. that one belongs to the traditional society
D. that one is obedient to teachers

22. To promote good neighbourliness, we should

A. practice other people‟s religion
B. learn about other people‟s religion
C. respect the views of others
D. be concerned with our own interest

23. The best way to enjoy peace and success in life is to

A. accumulate wealth
B. fight for one‟s right always
C. be very strict on others
D. develop the spirit of responsibility

24. A vow not to marry for religious reasons is known as

A. chastity
B. celibacy
C. abstinence
D. purity

25. Which of the following is not a punishment in schools?

A. Bad testimonial
B. Banishment
C. Flogging
D. Reprimand

26. The best way a worker can ask for a good salary is through

A. negotiation
B. confrontation
C. strike
D. threat

27. Which of the following is not true about money? It is

A. owned by the state
B. the accepted means of exchange
C. the official currency of a country
D. the exchange of goods for goods.

28. Society frowns mostly on

A. people who greet the chief
B. women who marry outside their hometown
C. people who die through accident
D. disobedient children

29. One effect of corruption in society is that it

A. makes people rich
B. provides jobs for people
C. helps the country to develop
D. puts wrong people in positions

30. The most significant sign of puberty among girls is the

A. development of breast
B. beginning of menstruation
C. growth of pubic hair
D. broadening of hips

31. “A mighty tree has been uprooted”. This Akan expression shows that a

A. difficult problem has been solved
B. significant progress has been made
C. king has passed away
D. battle has been won

32. Dumping of refuse at residential areas is dangerous because it may

A. result in soil erosion
B. reduce plant species
C. cause damage to houses
D. lead to disease outbreak

33. Freedom of expression enables one to

A. move about freely
B. engage in any job
C. be heard freely
D. accuse other people

34. The most important moral value in Christianity is

A. justice
B. obedience
C. love
D. humanity

35. Filial responsibility refers to one‟s duty as a

A. father or a mother
B. member of a society
C. son or daughter
D. member of the church

36. “If you travel with lies, you may reach your destination, but you will be unable to retrace your steps”. This implies that

A. those traveling on a long journey must be truthful
B. when embarking on a journey, one should pay the fare
C. when a liar travels, he may not return home
D. what a person achieves by means of deceit is short-lived.

37. All the following are functions of Asafo groups except

A. weeding the surroundings and cleaning choked gutters
B. ensuring that traditional norms are followed
C. assisting chiefs in punishing wrong-doers in the village
D. the supervision of marriage ceremonies in the village

38. Smoking is discouraged because it

A. results in respiratory problems
B. attracts the HIV virus
C. leads to sexual promiscuity
D. destroys the blood group of people

39. Controlling one‟s temper when provoked is a sign of

A. anxiety
B. obedience
C. comportment
D. selflessness

40. As a sign of repentance, a sinner should

A. punish himself
B. show regret for his actions
C. share his property with the poor
D. confess to the church

April 2008
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION 2
SOLUTIONS
ESSAY

1.

(a) The creation story according to the Qur’an
(i) According to the Quran, Allah created the universe in 6 days
(ii) Allah said, “Be”, and it was, as by divine command
(iii) The moon and sun were created by Allah to give light during the day and night
(iv) He also created the heavens to demonstrate his power and majesty
(v) Humans were created from the mixture of male and female seminal fluid or secretions
(vi) Adam, the man, was created first. Eve, the woman was created next
(vii) After fertilization, the resulting organism is deposited in the mother‟s womb as a seed.
(viii) From Adam, Eve first delivered a set of twins
(ix) Thus humankind was created in stages
The formation stages are „nutfa‟ (sperm) → „alaqa‟ (clot) → „mudagha‟ (flesh) → „adaam‟ (bones) → dressing with muscles
(x) Allah created all things out of nothing, except his might, power, wisdom and goodness

(b) Ways in which humankind is useful to God
(i) Humans obey and submit to the will of God
(ii) They represent God on earth
(iii) They praise and worship God
(iv) They exhibit the attributes of God for the sake of all creation
(v) They are formed in the image of God, and are therefore his children
(vi) They make use of all that God has created
(vii) They continue the creation process through reproduction and inventions
(viii) They have dominion over / take care of all that God has created

2.

(a) Types of Christian prayer
(i) Thanksgiving – By this type of prayer, they show appreciation / gratitude to God for what He has done for them
(ii) Praise – By this prayer, they express approval and admiration for what God has done and how He did it.
(iii) Worship – Christian express reverence and adoration for who God is (not what he has done)
(iv) Confession – In this prayer, Christians declare the wrong things / sins they have done and ask for forgiveness from God.
(v) Intercession – Christian pray for other people for various reasons by this prayer.
(vi) Supplication / Petition – They ask God to do certain things for him / her by this prayer.
(vii) Individual prayers – A prayer that involves only one person and God
(viii) Group prayers – Prayers offered by a group of people for certain purposes
(ix) Congregational prayers – Prayers offered by the entire congregation (people present at church) for a particular reason.

(b) Reasons why Christians pray.
(i) To obey God‟s command to pray at all times
(ii) To thank God for his kindness and other blessings
(iii) To praise God for his mighty works
(iv) To worship God for who He is
(v) To request for God‟s guidance, favour, protection, preservation, etc
(vi) To confess their sins and ask for forgiveness
(vii) To purify their hearts and consecrate themselves
(viii) To intercede on behalf of others
(ix) To fellowship with God
(x) To gain spiritual strength and vitality

3.

(a) Types of sacrifices in the Ghanaian traditional society
Concerning FUNCTION
Thanksgiving sacrifice – Given to thank the gods / the deity
Purification sacrifice – offered to purify the person / people
Pacification sacrifice – offered to make / restore peace between the deity and the person / people
Preventive sacrifice – offered to prevent a disaster / calamity
Votive sacrifice – offered to fulfill a vow made
Substitution sacrifice – offered to take the place of another thing / person

Concerning ITEM USED
Animal sacrifice – animals are used for the sacrifice
Human sacrifice – human beings are used for the sacrifice
Blood sacrifice – the blood of an animal or a person is used
Food/ Meal sacrifice – food is sacrificed to the deity
Drink sacrifice – drink is offered as a sacrifice

Concerning GIVER/PARTICIPANT
Individual Sacrifice – only one person is involved (makes the sacrifice for him/herself)
Communal sacrifice – the sacrifice is made for the whole community

Concerning STATE
Tangible sacrifice – a sacrifice made with physical material (can be felt or seen)
Intangible sacrifice – a sacrifice which is not physical (cannot be seen)

(b) Advantages of sacrifices to the worshipper.
(i) It produces blessings
(ii) It enable one to gain victory in any situation
(iii) It gives the opportunity to offer thanksgiving to God
(iv) It purifies the soul of the person
(v) It facilitates peace and harmony between the deity and the person
(vi) It give one an advantage over the other in times of battle
(vii) It makes it possible to vow and honour it
(viii) It serves as a channel for protection and guidance
(ix) It promotes unity and peace within the community
(x) It inspires the person to guard against evil
(xi) It strengthens the faith of the giver.
(xii) It helps one to succeed and prosper
(xiii) It makes the person spiritually strong
(xiv) It enables one to show one‟s commitment to a deity or course.

4.

(a) Behaviours considered to be decent in your community
(i) Greeting and respecting people one meets
(ii) Talking politely to everyone, whether older or younger
(iii) Obeying and showing respect for the elderly
(iv) Dressing neatly and modestly.
(v) Participating in social activities such as sports and game
(vi) Taking part in communal labour
(vii) Serving as peacemakers
(viii) Making gestures, giving and receiving items with the right hand only
(ix) Keeping one‟s litter (rubbish) on oneself till the one gets a rubbish bin to dispose of it.
(x) Supporting the poor and needy in society
(xi) Carrying out various charitable deeds

(b) Advantages of showing decent behaviour at a sports festival
(i) It creates an atmosphere of peace, unity and harmony
(ii) It helps one to make good friends easily
(iii) It shows good sportsmanship
(iv) A person‟s decent behaviour can be noticed and rewarded
(v) It prevents insults, confrontations and fights.
(vi) It promotes reconciliation between two persons or groups that were in conflict with each other.
(vii) It creates a high reputation for the sporting group to which one belongs
(viii) It promotes friendliness and cooperation among the sporting groups

5.

(a) Good eating habits
(i) Waiting patiently for food to be served
(ii) Praying before one starts eating
(iii) Washing hands with soap and water before eating
(iv) Asking for an item to be passed to you, instead of standing / stretching across the table for it
(v) Using the correct cutlery in the proper way when eating
(vi) Stirring to make hot food cool, rather than blowing air onto it
(vii) Avoiding the making of noises in the mouth or throat while eating, as much as possible
(viii) Being polite when communicating (using „please‟, „thank you‟ and “I‟m sorry / Pardon me”)
(ix) Not talking while there is food in one‟s mouth
(x) Placing just enough amounts (morsels) of food in one‟s mouth at a time, instead of stuffing / filling it
(xi) Closing one‟s mouth while chewing (or masticating) food
(xii) Turning away from the food and people and covering one‟s mouth with a personal handkerchief, in case one coughs or sneezes
(xiii) Avoiding the licking of fingers and cutlery.
(xiv) Keeping one‟s cutlery crossed in one‟s plate after finishing, to indicate one has finished eating.

(b) Dangers of over-eating
(i) Insomnia / sleeplessness
(ii) Indigestion
(iii) Constipation
(iv) Becoming overweight
(v) Abdominal disorders
(vi) Nausea and/or vomiting
(vii) Feeling lazy
(viii) Bedwetting
(ix) Lack of concentration
(x) Heart Disease
(xi) Diabetes (type 2)

6.

(a) Causes of immoral behaviour among the youth
(i) Peer pressure
(ii) Drug abuse
(iii) Poverty
(iv) Unemployment
(v) Inadequate parental guidance
(vi) Broken homes
(vii) Influence by the media
(viii) Curiosity
(ix) Low self control
(x) Inadequate education on immorality and its dangers
(xi) Advertisements of dangerous substances, such as alcohol and cigarettes
(xii) Bad examples by parents, teachers and other older people.
(xiii) Bad movies, books, magazines, websites, etc

(b) Effects of indulging in immoral behaviour
(i) Infections and diseases
(ii) Death
(iii) Loss of respect and dignity
(iv) Poverty
(v) Unemployment
(vi) Mob action / Lynching
(vii) Risk of arrest, prosecution and imprisonment
(viii) Broken homes
(ix) Low self esteem
(x) Termination of education (dropping out of school)
(xi) Spiritual weakness

7.

(a) Responsibilities of a child to the parents.
(i) Obeying parents
(ii) Respecting / honouring parents
(iii) Helping with household chores
(iv) Running errands for parents
(v) Being truthful to parents
(vi) Being hardworking
(vii) Sharing ideas concerning the family with parents

(b) Reasons why people avoid responsibilities.
(i) Sheer laziness
(ii) Lack of appropriate tools / equipment
(iii) Lack of the needed knowledge or skills to carry out the responsibility
(iv) Negative influence from peers / colleagues / friends / family, etc
(v) Fear of being ridiculed / mocked / laughed at
(vi) Pride / arrogance
(vii) Lack of commitment
(viii) Tiredness / exhaustion
(ix) Bad intention of wanting to prove a point
(x) Lack of sufficient remuneration / reward
(xi) Wanting to go somewhere or do something else
(xii) Lack of self-belief / confidence in oneself
(xiii) Low self control

8.

(a) Effects of idleness
(i) Loss of skills and knowledge
(ii) Poverty / financial difficulty
(iii) Dishonour /shame / disgrace
(iv) Mocking / ridicule
(v) Low productivity
(vi) Failure to achieve targets / objectives
(vii) Social vices, such as swindling, bribery and corruption
(viii) Retrogression /regression (moving backwards in an endeavour)
(ix) Stagnation (not moving forward in an endeavour)

(b) Advantages of enjoying holidays and vacations
(i) Resting / relaxation
(ii) Visiting / spending time with family and friends
(iii) Developing of talents / skill, such as playing a musical instrument, etc
(iv) Opportunities for sightseeing / touring other places
(v) Participation in socio-communal activities
(vi) Chance of undertaking short courses to upgrade oneself
(vii) Enjoying / partaking in one‟s hobbies / recreational activities
(viii) Opportunity to plan properly for the future
(ix) Chance to assist one‟s family or friends
(x) Chance of spending more time with God