Religious and Moral Education RME BECE 2005

April 2005
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 Minutes

1. God commanded the earth to produce plants on the

A. second day
B. third day
C. fourth day
D. fifth day

2. In the creation story, God ordered Adam to

A. subdue and till the earth
B. take good care of Eve
C. worship Him regularly
D. eat all the fruits in the garden

3. The three main religions in Ghana believe in

A. ancestors and witches
B. holy scriptures
C. angels and smaller gods
D. a supreme being

4. The Asafo companies are concerned with the promotion of all the following except

A. good behaviour
B. cultural development
C. adolescent reproductive health
D. social development

5. The Damba festival is celebrated to mark the

A. end of the agricultural year
B. birthday of Prophet Muhammad
C. founding of the Mole-Dagbon
D. birthday of the Yaa Naa I

6. For a man to greet an Akan chief he must

A. raise hands and bow down
B. raise hands and pass by
C. remove sandals and kneel down
D. remove sandals and lower the cloth

7. Muslims throw stones during Hajj to

A. keep Satan away from their lives
B. commemorate Hagar‟s departure
C. help them celebrate the Eid-ul-Adha
D. remember Abraham‟s temptation

8. Prophet Muhammad‟s marriage with Khadijah enabled him to

A. free many Muslim slaves
B. devote more time for worship
C. migrate to Medina
D. preach publicly in Mecca

9. The traditions of the Prophet Muhammad which form part of the Quran are the

A. Injil and Zabur
B. Hadith and Sunnah
C. Sunnah and Injil
D. Ru‟ya and Hadith

10. Which of the following attributes of God is not manifested in the creation story?

A. All knowing
B. Ever forgiving
C. All powerful
D. Ever present

11. According to the Qur‟an, a proud person

A. never thinks he is better than others
B. respects the opinions of others
C. values the experiences of other people
D. likes to tell other people what to do

12. The chief who offered himself to be sacrificed during the Ashanti-Denkyira war was

A. Opoku Ware
B. Egya Ahor
C. Ntim Gyakari
D. Tweneboa Kodua

13. The Bible teaches that people in authority must be

A. praised
B. served
C. respected
D. proud

14. The Janazah prayer is performed

A. during Friday worship
B. when a Muslim dies
C. when a Muslim is traveling
D. after the Ramadan fast

15. The Young People‟s Guild is an organization in the

A. Methodist church
B. Anglican church
C. Presbyterian church
D. Pentecost church

16. The purpose of Salat is to enable a Muslim

A. travel to Mecca
B. have a pure heart
C. become an Imam
D. prepare for the Ramadan fast

17. The traditional belief that the child needs no one to show him God means

A. God is with the child
B. God exists
C. the child knows God
D. the child talks to God

18. Abraham was known for his great faith because he

A. refused the idols of Canaan
B. was willing to sacrifice his son to God
C. built an altar to worship God
D. agreed to separate from Lot

19. The tribes of Israel derived their names from the sons of

A. Abraham
B. Joseph
C. Jacob
D. Isaac

20. The transition between childhood and adulthood is termed

A. outdooring
B. adolescence
C. puberty
D. confirmation

21. When one refuses to play with bad friends on the advice of parents, one is described as being

A. God-fearing
B. sincere
C. obedient
D. polite

22. Putting one‟s interest above that of others results in

A. understanding
B. debate
C. togetherness
D. conflict

23. One disadvantage of the nuclear family system is that

A. too many people give orders
B. there is difficulty in identifying kinsmen
C. there are conflicts in sharing property
D. parents feel lonely at old age

24. There is dignity in labour. This statement means

A. only office work brings recognition
B. some jobs are more dignified than others
C. we should work among all classes of people
D. we need to be proud of our work

25. Which of the following is not a peaceful way to ask for your right?

A. Petition
B. Kidnapping
C. Silent protest
D. Lobbying

26. In Ghana people are said to lead decent life when they

A. shout in public for their rights
B. make people respect them
C. weed around the compound
D. have leisure with friends

27. Repentance leads to

A. denial forgiveness
B. forgiveness and reconciliation
C. punishment and forgiveness
D. reconciliation and denial

28. Which of the following is not an appropriate reward for good deeds?

A. Testimonial
B. Cash
C. Appreciation
D. Scholarship

29. When people are committed to themselves in friendship they

A. work at the same place
B. worship together in a church
C. show loyalty to each other
D. run away from evil

30. Duties given by a senior to a junior are termed as

A. privileges
B. rights
C. responsibilities
D. authority

31. The term idleness in Religious and Moral Education means

A. having fun
B. enjoying siesta
C. wasting time
D. playing games

32. Sex education in school is important because it

A. makes children sexually active
B. could lead to early marriage
C. creates curiosity among children
D. exposes the dangers of pre-marital sex

33. Which of the following drugs is most commonly abused

A. Cocaine
B. Laxatives
C. Tobacco
D. Paracetamol

34. In which way can money help spread germs?

A. keeping it in a purse for a long period
B. Handling it with hands
C. Crumpling it in one‟s pocket
D. Keeping it in one‟s brassiere

35. A child is described as courteous when he or she

A. assists the elderly
B. dresses well to church
C. gives gift to friends
D. learns at school

36. Waiting and allowing things to happen at the right time shows

A. honesty
B. patience
C. commitment
D. obedience

37. When we regret for a bad deed, we are showing

A. courage
B. forgiveness
C. repentance
D. reconciliation

38. The statement time is money, implies that time is

A. precious
B. limitless
C. life
D. everything

39. Which of the following is a festival of purification for the year?

A. Addae
B. Odwira
C. Homowo
D. Damba

40. A patriotic citizen is a person who

A. helps the family always
B. practices personal hygiene
C. defends his nation always
D. worships his Creator regularly

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST

1. B. third day
2. A. subdue and till the earth
3. D. a supreme being
4. C. adolescent reproductive health
5. B. birthday of Prophet Muhammad
6. D. remove sandals and lower the cloth
7. A. keep Satan away from their lives
8. A. free many Muslim slaves
9. B. Hadith and Sunnah
10. B. Ever forgiving
11. D. likes to tell other people what to do
12. D. Tweneboa Kodua
13. C. respected
14. B. when a Muslim dies
15. C. Presbyterian church
16. B. have a pure heart
17. B. God exists
18. B. was willing to sacrifice his son to God
19. C. Jacob
20. C. puberty
21. C. obedient
22. D. conflict
23. B. there is difficulty in identifying kinsmen
24. D. we need to be proud of our work
25. B. Kidnapping
26. B. make people respect them
27. B. forgiveness and reconciliation
28. B. Cash
29. C. show loyalty to each other
30. C. responsibilities
31. C. wasting time
32. D. exposes the dangers of pre-marital sex
33. D. Paracetamol
34. D. Keeping it in one‟s brassiere
35. A. assists the elderly
36. B. patience
37. C. repentance
38. A. precious
39. B. Odwira
40. C. defends his nation always

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only from this section, choosing one question from each part

Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material

PART I
RELIGION
Answer one question only from this part

1.
(a) Explain four human activities which have negatively affected God‟s beautiful creation.
(b) State four ways by which you can protect God‟s creation.

2.
(a) Give four reasons why a naming ceremony is important in your community.
(b) Identify three factors to be considered in choosing a name for a child.

3.
(a) Describe how Wuzu (ablution) is performed in Islam
(b) Give three reasons why Wuzu is important

PART II
MORAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part

4.
(a) Explain four reasons why students abuse drugs
(b) State three effects of substance abuse

5.
(a) List four processes involved in showing repentance
(b) Give three reasons for showing regret for one‟s wrong deeds.

6.
(a) Explain the term comportment
(b) In which five ways can you show comportment in school

PART III
SOCIAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part.

7.
(a) What are human rights?
(b) Explain any five forms of human rights

8.
(a) What is bribery and corruption
(b) Mention five effects of bribery and corruption on society.

April 2005
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION
SOLUTIONS
SECTION B
ESSAY

1.

(a) Human activities which have negatively affected God’s beautiful creation.
(i) Indiscriminate sand winning
The uncontrolled winning (mining / collection) of sand from beaches or coastal areas degrades the land and destroys the beaches
(ii) Indiscriminate mining
The mining of minerals destroys the natural vegetation of the land. The use of chemicals for mining also negatively affects the land. Moreover, the dust produced pollutes the atmosphere.
(iii) Trees felling
The cutting down of trees for various purposes destroys the forest and causes desertification.
(iv) Overgrazing
Allowing cattle and other animals to feed on vegetation at a place for a very long time makes the vegetation get depleted
(v) Disposal of solid and liquid waste in water bodies
Solid and liquid wastes dumped in water bodies such as rivers, lagoons, seas, pollute them and kill fishes and other flora (plant life) and fauna (animal life)
(vi) Indiscriminate disposal of refuse
Some people throw refuse about haphazardly. This pollutes the environment and promotes the spread of diseases
(vii) Excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides
This pollutes both the land and water bodies into which runoff flows
(viii) Crude oil spillage
Crude oil sometimes accidentally gets spilled onto the sea from oil tankers or from oil rigs. This causes pollution of the sea.
(ix) Release of toxic gases from industries
Certain manufacturing industries release poisonous gases into the atmosphere. This causes air pollution.
(x) Bush/refuse burning
The uncontrolled burning of bush destroys vegetation. Smoke from burning of bush / refuse also pollutes the atmosphere / air.
(xi) Smoking of cigarettes, marijuana, etc
Fumes from the smoking of cigarettes, marijuana, etc, contain toxic substances that pollute the air.
(xii) Excessive dust from sites
The construction of roads and buildings, mining, quarrying and other such activities release dust into the atmosphere which pollute the air.

(b) Ways by which one can protect God’s creation.
(x) Planting more trees to replace ones cut down
(xi) Planting trees to create a forest (where there was none)
(xii) Ensuring proper disposal of refuse/ solid and liquid waste
(xiii) Campaigning for refuse / solid and liquid waste to be recycled.
(xiv) Proposing the making and enforcement of laws to prevent human activities that cause environmental degradation
(xv) Requesting for the setting up of government agencies to control the activities of miners, sand winners and other potential polluters of the environment.
(xvi) Encouraging miners, farmers, fishermen, etc to use appropriate methods for their activities
(xvii) Reporting persons or companies that destroy the environment to the appropriate authorities for them to be arrested and prosecuted.
(xviii) Helping with public education on protection of the environment
(xix) Checking erosion by terracing, ridging, planting cover crops and wind brakes

2. (a) Reasons why a naming ceremony is important in the community.
(i) It gives the child a name and an identity
(ii) It makes the child a full member of the family and of the society
(iii) It highlights certain social values that the child is expected to uphold.
(iv) It causes the child to receive blessings from the family and from God
(v) It brings members of the family together
(vi) It creates the opportunity for the child‟s parents to receive financial and material support for the child

(b) Factors to be considered in choosing a name for a child.
(i) The sex / gender of the child
(ii) The day on which the child was born
(iii) The names of the parents
(iv) The family / clan that the child comes from
(v) The tribe of the parents
(vi) The religious background of the parents
(vii) The ordinal place of the child (ie, whether first or tenth child, etc)
(viii) The person after whom the child may be named
(ix) Whether the child is single or a twin or triplet, etc
(x) The meaning of the name

3.

(a) How Wuzu (ablution) is performed in Islam
(i) Start by making niyyah (intention) to perform wudu and cleanse the self of impurities.
(ii) Say bismillah. (In the name of God; The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.)
(iii) Wash the right hand up to the wrist (and between the fingers) three times, then similarly for the left hand.
(iv) Rinse the mouth and spit out the water three times and rub the teeth with a miswak or the finger.
(v) Completely clean the nose with water three times.
(vi) Wash the face three times.
(vii) Wash the right arm up to the elbow three times; then the left arm three times. Pass fingers of one hand between the fingers of the other hand.
(viii) Wipe the entire head with wet hands.
(ix) Clean the inside and outside of the ears with wet right and left fingers, and again with wet right and left thumbs.
(x) Starting with the right foot, wash both feet from the toes up to and including the ankles thrice.
(xi) Recite the shahadah.
(xii) Offer two-rak’at prayer.

(b) Reasons why Wuzu is important
(i) It prepares the mind for prayer (salat)
(ii) It ensures purity of the body – by the washing with water
(iii) It makes prayer (salat) valid
(iv) It helps the blood circulatory system to function properly – by the massage of the body in the process
(v) It helps with normal breathing – by the cleaning of the nostrils
(vi) It helps with correct functioning of the central nervous system – through the stimulation of the blood flow by massaging.
(vii) It helps to prevent skin infections – by the washing away of germs from the body
(viii) It helps to prevent early aging or the formation of wrinkles – by maintaining the electrostatic balance of the body through the application of water.

4.

(a) Reasons why students abuse drugs
(i) Peer pressure – Students may be deceived /influenced / compelled by their friends/ peers to join in drug abuse
(ii) Financial difficulty / Poverty – students who are not able to meet their basic needs may be tempted to follow their richer friends to abuse drugs and get some help from them.
(iii) Boredom – Some students abuse drugs whenever they feel bored, due the sense of euphoria (feeling „high‟ or excited) that certain drugs tend to cause
(iv) Immoral intentions – students sometimes abuse drugs in order to get the courage to commit immoral acts such as prostitution, rioting/ vandalism, rebellion, etc
(v) Ignorance – Some students abuse drugs simply because they do not know the effects / consequences of their actions
(vi) Curiosity – Some abuse drugs just to know how it feels like or to „see‟ what would happen when they do it.
(vii) The media – Several programmes/ articles / features / advertisements in the media (ie, radio, TV, newspapers, journals, internet, etc) influence students to abuse drugs
(viii) Broken / dysfunctional homes – the lack of adequate parental control and other problems related to broken or dysfunctional homes sometimes creates the opportunity for students to practice drug abuse.
(ix) Irresponsible parenting – Students whose parents are too permissive or bad examples may easily drift into substance abuse at the least opportunity
(x) Lack of self control – Some students abuse drugs simply because they are not able to control themselves due to indiscipline.
(xi) Studying purposes – The thinking that drugs can make them stay awake in order to study makes some students abuse drugs.
(xii) Intelligence / retentive memory – Some students abuse drugs because they think that it makes them have a sharper retentive memory or more intelligent.
(xiii) Hunger relief – Some believe that drugs make them not feel hungry often
(xiv) Good appetite – Some believe drugs give them a good appetite so that they can eat more.
(xv) Confidence – Certain students abuse drugs because they think that drugs make them more confident / bold
(xvi) Identity symbol – The thinking that drugs is a symbol of identity (ie, it makes them feel part of a particular group or social class)

(b) Effects of substance abuse
(i) Health Problems / Infections and diseases – such as headaches, nausea, fever, cancer, high blood pressure, etc.
(ii) Loss of respect and dignity – for both the abuser and his/ her family
(iii) Addiction – Most drugs are addictive, so abusers may find it very difficult to stop using them, even when they want to
(iv) Strained relationships – abusers find it difficult to relate with others properly, since the substances usually affect their minds and the way they see things
(v) Mental problems – the substances usually affect their minds or the way they see things. In severe cases, the abusers become insane (mad)
(vi) Low self esteem – substance abusers tend to look down upon themselves
(vii) Low reputation – the society generally tend to have a low regard for substance abusers
(viii) Low productivity – Substance abusers are usually not able to work as much as they could, due to the effect of the substance on their health and thinking faculties
(ix) Unemployment – substance abusers can lose their jobs either by neglect or by dismissal
(x) Risk of arrest, prosecution and imprisonment – abusers of illicit substances stand the risk of being arrested, prosecuted and jailed
(xi) Educational challenges – due to poor academic performance or suspension or dismissal from school
(xii) Depression – due to the intense mental stress and problems related to substance abuse.
(xiii) Poverty / Financial difficulties – due to the use of almost all of one‟s money to buy the substance and deal with the negative effects
(xiv) Increased burden on society – Most abusers end up in the psychiatric hospitals or on the streets as beggars / thieves / prostitutes.
(xv) Death – In extreme cases, substance abuse can lead to death

5.

(a) Processes involved in showing repentance
(i) Admitting / Confessing / Accepting that one has sinned or done wrong
(ii) Showing regret for the sin / wrong committed
(iii) Asking for forgiveness from the offended person
(iv) Ensuring that the sin / wrong is not repeated
(b) Reasons for showing regret for one’s wrong deeds.
(i) It shows that one is truly sorry for his / her sins / wrongs.
(ii) It enables one to be forgiven and shown mercy
(iii) It makes room for reconciliation (coming back together)
(iv) It shows that one is reasonable and wise.
6. (a) The term comportment
Comportment means behaving in a proper manner. There is a way of behaving in a particular society that is considered good / proper. Conducting oneself according to this proper way is known as comportment.

(b) Ways in which one can show comportment in school
(i) Doing one‟s school chores diligently and faithfully
(ii) Disposing of litter in a proper way (in the rubbish bin)
(iii) Attending morning assembly and all other school gatherings regularly and punctually.
(iv) Greeting and respecting teachers and school mates
(v) Raising up one‟s hand and waiting to be called before speaking in class
(vi) Asking permission before leaving the classroom
(vii) Paying attention during lessons
(viii) Submitting class and home assignments on time
(ix) Ensuring that one‟s surroundings is always kept clean
(x) Putting one‟s hands behind him/ her when speaking with a teacher
(xi) Using polite language, such as „please‟, „thank you‟ and „sorry‟ when speaking to others
(xii) Dressing modestly and decently
(xiii) Saying „no‟ to bad friends who would want to influence one to commit bad deeds.
(xiv) Exercising self-control over one‟s evil desires or bad temper
(xv) Assisting / helping friends whenever they need help.
(xvi) Obeying good instructions from teachers and seniors
(xvii) Not standing on tables and chairs except by permission
(xviii) Not littering the classroom / school compound
(xix) Not making noise in class / on the school compound
(xx) Not fighting in class / on the school compound
(xxi) Not using abusive language

7.

(a) Human rights
The basic rights and freedoms to which all human beings are entitled
Or:
The basic rights and freedoms of an individual

(b) Forms of human rights
(i) The right to life
(ii) The right to personal liberty
(iii) The right to education
(iv) The right to owning private property
(v) The right to equality
(vi) The right to dignity
(vii) Freedom of expression
(viii) Freedom of association
(ix) Freedom of worship / religion

8.

(a) Bribery and corruption
Bribery is the practice of giving or taking something, such as money or favour, in order to influence the recipient‟s view or conduct
Corruption is the practice of using one‟s power or position for dishonest gain or advantage

(b) Effects of bribery and corruption on society.
(i) It is a sin against God
(ii) It is an offence against the state
(iii) It can lead to ones arrest and imprisonment
(iv) It lowers ones reputation / dignity
(v) It creates injustice in the society
(vi) It gives one an undue advantage in a situation
(vii) It promotes partiality
(viii) It can lead to shame and disgrace when caught
(ix) It reduces ones self worth
(x) It creates conflicts and instability in our institutions
(xi) It leads to lower productivity
(xii) It cultivates an attitude of laziness in people
(xiii) It can promote the misuse of state resources
(xiv) It creates inefficiencies within our systems
(xv) It denies justice to those whose rights have been abused
(xvi) It creates opportunities for the perpetuation of social vices