Religious and Moral Education RME BECE 2004

April 2004
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 Minutes

1. According to the Holy Bible, God created the sun, moon and stars in order to

A. give mankind the times and seasons
B. bless mankind with light
C. give mankind long life
D. direct movements of people and animals

2. Joseph was hated by his brothers because

A. Jacob promised him of inheritance
B. he loved his father very much
C. of his prophetic dreams
D. he was gentle and handsome

3. The patriarch described as a great man of faith was

A. Jacob B. David C. Moses D. Abraham

4. Which of the following people was not a disciple of Jesus?

A. Paul B. Peter C. Matthew D. James

5. The Holy Qur‟an describes angels as creatures who

A. anoint prophets and messengers of Allah
B. punish evil doers on the judgement day
C. act on the orders of Allah
D. lead the faithful to observe Hajj

6. Which of the following acts in Islam promotes good neighbourliness, love and brotherhood?

A. Hajj B. Zakat C. Salat D. Ramadan

7. The Muslim prayer observed after sunset is

A. Magrib B. Asr C. Zuhr D. Fajr

8. „If you want to talk to God, you must talk to the wind‟. This traditional proverb means that God is

A. omnipotent B. everywhere C. the creator D. a listener

9. To the traditional believer, the change from the physical to spiritual life occurs through

A. naming B. birth C. death D. puberty

10. The most important activity during the Odwira festival of the Akwapim is

A. merry making and dancing
B. purification and cleansing
C. feasting and meditation
D. family meetings and dancing

11. In the book of Genesis the world was created in

A. 3 days B. 5 days C. 6 days D. 7 days

12. All religions teach mankind to be steward of the earth and to

A. farm on it
B. build on it
C. care for it
D. make it fertile

13. „There is no God but God, and Muhammad is the Apostle of God‟. This is known as the

A. Shahadah B. Iqamah C. Adhan D. Sunnah

14. The Prophet Muhammad is described as al-Amin because he was

A. wealthy B. generous C. honest D. brave

15. During naming ceremonies the baby is given drops of water and wine to signify that he should be

A. truthful B. patient C. brave D. obedient

16. The powerful god Penkyi Otu is associated with the

A. Kundum festival B. Aboakyir festival C. Fetu Afashie D. Akwambo festival

17. In traditional society, the dead is buried with money to ensure that the

A. deceased can pay the fare to the other world
B. deceased can pay the gods and ancestors for protection
C. spirit of the deceased does not attack family members
D. family members are blessed with riches

18. God has no human face in

A. Islam and Christianity
B. Islam and Traditional Religion
C. Traditional Religion and Christianity
D. Islam, Traditional Religion and Christianity

19. The snake as an animal was created by God to

A. give man meat
B. kill man
C. lead man to sin
D. tempt man

20. The legendary Tsali performed his magical powers in and around

A. Agbozume B. Akpafu C. Anloga D. Tsiame

21. The nuclear family consists of

A. parents and grandchildren
B. children and parents
C. parents, children and other relations
D. grandchildren and children

22. The environment can be protected from degradation by

A. rearing more animals
B. continuous farming
C. planting more trees
D. extensive lumbering system

23. Greetings are very important in

A. identifying a good speaker
B. opening up conversations
C. showing one‟s intelligence
D. knowing one‟s background

24. Work helps us to become

A. reliable B. sincere C. healthy D. courteous

25. Good eating habits include

A. eating with a knife
B. mouth closed when chewing
C. stretching over to take something
D. speaking when eating

26. Money offered to influence a public officer over an important issue is

A. bribery B. scandal C. corruption D. cheating

27. An Akan girl qualifies for puberty rites when

A. she is between the ages of fifteen and seventeen
B. she first experiences her menses
C. her breasts develop
D. she first becomes pregnant

28. Leisure time is used for

A. playing games
B. congregational worship
C. doing house chores
D. weeding the house

29. The duty of a member of a community falls under

A. civic responsibility
B. governmental responsibility
C. filial responsibility
D. communal responsibility

30. The most important prayer request during marriage rites is for

A. prosperity and wealth
B. protection and long life
C. good health and protection
D. long life and children

31. One joins a religious youth movement in order to

A. go to heaven
B. help to develop the religion
C. organize crusades
D. have prayers answered

32. Which of the following is a responsibility of children?

A. Paying their own school fees
B. Providing their friends with their needs
C. Making sure parents are always at home
D. Helping parents at home

33. Giving a good testimonial to somebody for his good deed is a

A. reward B. sacrifice C. respect D. protection

34. To live a life of obedience means being

A. gentle, loving and generous
B. respectful to parents and elders
C. a religious person
D. honest and generous

35. The most important reason for celebrating the Homowo festival is to

A. outdoor twins
B. hoot at hunger
C. visit various shrines
D. sprinkle spiritual food

36. Which of the following is not a cause of teenage pregnancy?

A. Curiosity and ignorance
B. Peer pressure
C. Low moral standard
D. Effective parental care

37. Substances that tend to relax the nerves and reduce stress are

A. sedatives
B. stimulants
C. hard drugs
D. common drugs

38. The main purpose of punishment is to

A. reform the offender
B. hurt the offender
C. protect the offender
D. advise the offender

39. Self medication means

A. taking medicine prescribed by a doctor
B. buying drugs with prescription forms
C. taking medicine given at the hospital
D. taking drugs without medical advice

40. A special right that puts a person in a better position is

A. favour B. choice C. freedom D. privilege

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST

1. A. give mankind the times and seasons
2. C. of his prophetic dreams
3. D. Abraham
4. A. Paul
5. C. act on the orders of Allah
6. C. Salat
7. A. Magrib
8. B. everywhere
9. C. death
10. B. purification and cleansing
11. C. 6 days
12. C. care for it
13. A. Shahadah
14. C. honest
15. A. truthful
16. B. Aboakyir festival
17. A. deceased can pay the fare to the other world
18. B. Islam and Traditional Religion
19. A. give man meat
20. D. Tsiame
21. B. children and parents
22. C. planting more trees
23. B. opening up conversations
24. A. reliable
25. B. mouth closed when chewing
26. A. bribery
27. B. she first experiences her menses
28. A. playing games
29. A. civic responsibility
30. D. long life and children
31. B. help to develop the religion
32. D. Helping parents at home
33. A. reward
34. B. respectful to parents and elders
35. B. hoot at hunger
36. D. Effective parental care
37. A. sedatives
38. A. reform the offender
39. D. taking drugs without medical advice
40. D. privilege

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only from this section, choosing one question from each part

Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material

PART I
RELIGION
Answer one question only from this part

1.
(a) Explain the usefulness of the following as created by God:
(i) plants
(ii) sea, moon, stars

(b) What four steps can you take to preserve the plants in your environment?

2.
(a) What is prayer?
(b) State the importance of prayer to the traditional worshipper.

3.
(a) Give five contributions of Caliph Abubakar to Islam.
(b) What three lessons can be learnt from the contributions of Caliph Abubakar?

PART II
MORAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part

4.
(a) State five good deeds that will merit commendation
(b) Mention four types of rewards that go with good deeds.

5.
(a) List four benefits of living a chaste life
(b) Mention five effects of teenage pregnancy

6.
(a) What are religious songs?
(b) Explain five moral lessons that can be learnt from such songs

PART III
SOCIAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part.

7.
(a) How is leisure time different from idleness?
(b) Indicate five ways in which you can use your leisure time profitably

8.
(a) Explain five moral responsibilities of parents
(b) What four duties is a pupil expected to perform in school?

April 2004
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION
SOLUTIONS
SECTION B
ESSAY

1.

(a) (i) The usefulness of plants:
(i) Several plants provide food for animals and humankind
(ii) Some plants can be used as herbs or for medicine
(iii) Certain plants (trees / timber) are used for furniture and building materials
(iv) Plants (trees) serve as windbreaks that reduce the destructive impact of strong winds
(v) Green plants release oxygen (used for respiration) into the atmosphere as a result of photosynthesis
(vi) Green plants help to reduce the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere by absorbing it for photosynthesis
(vii) Certain plants are used to check erosion
(viii) Some plants (trees) provide shade
(ix) Several plants, especially trees, serve as habitat / resting / hiding place for other living things, such as birds, monkeys, insects, snakes, etc
(x) Some plants are worshipped as deities in certain traditional societies
(xi) Some plants (eg, grass, plants with flowers, hedges, trees) are grown to beautify a place.
(xii) Certain parts of /substances from some plants can be used to make various items such as adhesives, fabric, brooms, footwear, etc
(xiii) Parts of certain plants are used to provide fuel, such as firewood and charcoal

(ii) The usefulness of the sea,
 It serves as a habitat for fish and other sea creatures and plants
 It is a source of food (seafood) for man and animals
 It is a source of water for domestic purposes such as bathing and washing
 It is used for the production of common salt
 It is a means of transport (using boats, ships, submarines, etc)
 It is a source of water for domestic purposes
 Crude oil is drilled from below the seabed
 It provides employment for people such as fishermen, sailors, port workers, etc
 It helps in rain formation as large amounts of water get evaporated into the atmosphere

The usefulness of the moon,
 It gives light to the earth during the night
 It causes the rising and falling of sea tides
 It can be used to determine times and seasons
 It is used by certain cultures and religions for predictions, prayer and as a deity
 It has been used in many works of art, including in national flags, emblems, etc

The usefulness of the stars
 They give light to the earth
 The sun (a star) provides energy for life activities on earth
 Stars can be used for navigation
 Stars can be used to tell times and seasons
 Stars are used in many cultures and religions for predictions, prayer and as a deity

(b) Steps you can take to preserve the plants in your environment
(i) Planting more trees to replace ones that have been cut down / felled – (Reforestation)
(ii) Ensuring that only trees of a certain minimum size can be felled – (Controlled felling)
(iii) Proposing the making and enforcement of laws to control the destruction of plants
(iv) Causing the arrest, prosecution and punishment of those who destroy the vegetation
(v) Planting trees to create a forest – (Afforestation)
(vi) Creating forest reserves – forests that are kept from human exploitation
(vii) Preventing overgrazing by cattle and other animals
(viii) Preventing bushfires by public education and other control measures

2.

(a) Prayer
Prayer is the communication between man and a deity. The deity could be God / lesser gods / spirits / ancestors, etc

(b) The importance of prayer to the traditional worshipper.
(i) To offer thanksgiving and praises to the objects of worship (Supreme God, lesser gods, ancestors, etc)
(ii) To strengthen the bond between the worshipper and the object of worship
(iii) To express the worshippers faith and confidence in the deities (Supreme God, lesser gods, certain spirits)
(iv) To show reverence / honour for the deities / object of worship
(v) To seek protection / security from the deities
(vi) To request for blessings – favour, success, prosperity, riches, strength, etc
(vii) To confess their evil deeds / wrongdoings and seek forgiveness
(viii) It promotes unity, solidarity and harmony among the members of the community
(ix) It encourages spiritual growth and progress
(x) It shows dependence on the deities for well being and life

3.

(a) Contributions of Caliph Abubakar to Islam.
(i) He presented Islam to others in such a way that many of his friends accepted Islam
(ii) Out of compassion for slaves, he deliberately purchased slaves and freed them.
(iii) He gave the first public address inviting people to convert to Islam
(iv) Together with the prophet Muhammed, he led the flight to Medina
(v) He bought a land for the construction of a mosque in Medina
(vi) He helped to construct a mosque in Medina
(vii) He was involved in several battles between Muslims and their enemies
(viii) He led the delegation in the first Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca
(ix) He gave his daughter, Aisha, in marriage to Prophet Muhammed
(x) He led Muslims to conquer several territories, which led to the spread of Islam
(xi) He brought unity among Muslims by resolving many conflicts
(xii) He organized the compilation of the holy Quran into one book

(b) Lessons that can be learnt from the contributions of Caliph Abubakar
(vii) Compassion – we must be compassionate
(viii) Kindness –we must be kind and willing to give to others
(ix) Commitment – we must show commitment in everything we do
(x) Perseverance – we must persevere in doing good things and never give up
(xi) Good stewardship – we must take good care of whatever has been entrusted to us and endeavour to improve upon it.
(xii) Humility – we must be humble, and not think of ourselves more highly than we should

4.

(a) Good deeds that will merit commendation
(i) Greeting people one meets.
(ii) Going to school / work early / punctually
(iii) Going to school regularly
(iv) Doing one‟s homework properly
(v) Doing one‟s school chores diligently and faithfully
(vi) Dressing neatly and decently
(vii) Excelling in one‟s test or examination
(viii) Assisting / helping friends with their school work whenever they need help.
(ix) Reporting people who do bad deeds to the appropriate authority
(x) Doing one‟s house chores diligently and faithfully
(xi) Obeying instructions from elderly people
(xii) Surrendering one‟s seat in a bus or at a gathering for an elderly person
(xiii) Disposing of litter in a proper way
(xiv) Keeping our bodies and surroundings clean and tidy at all times
(xv) Using water and electricity wisely.

(b) Types of rewards that go with good deeds.
(i) Book awards – Books or other educational material, usually given at schools‟ Speech and Prize-giving ceremonies, especially to pupils for excellent academic performance.
(ii) Cash prizes – Amounts of money given as a reward for a commendable accomplishment
(iii) Certificates – Formal documents, usually using a card, given in recognition of the successful completion of a particular course or examination.
(iv) Promotion – A raise (an elevation) of the class /status / level/ position of someone after having done satisfactory work at the previous stage.
(v) Verbal appreciation – Words spoken, either to the person alone or to the hearing of everyone, to acknowledge a good / commendable work by that person
(vi) Recommendation – An expression of support / endorsement / approval for someone to another party. It could be either verbal or written
(vii) Scholarship – Financial help / an amount of money awarded to someone to pursue further studies
(viii) Good testimonial – A favourable report on the qualities and virtues of someone
(ix) Citation – An official document or speech that lauds someone, especially due to his/ her achievement.
(x) Praise – Words that express approval or admiration for someone or one‟s work.
(xi) Medals – a small flat piece of metal, usually shaped like a coin and stamped with an inscription or design, awarded to somebody for outstanding
(xii) Holiday – An exemption period from regular or routine work
(xiii) Party – a social gathering to which people are invited in order to enjoy themselves and often celebrate something or someone.
(xiv) A pleasurable experience, such as taking one out for dinner, giving one an opportunity to travel for holidays, etc

5.

(a) Benefits of living a chaste life
(i) Honour to one‟s family
(ii) High social reputation (how society sees one)
(iii) High self esteem / confidence (how one sees himself/herself)
(iv) Peace of mind (sound mind) to focus on education.
(v) Smooth progress of education / training
(vi) Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
(vii) Avoidance of teenage pregnancy and related problems
(viii) Greater trust and respect from spouse in marriage
(ix) Higher chance of attracting responsible partner for marriage

(b) Effects of teenage pregnancy
(i) Medical Complications – due to the fact that a teenage girl‟s body is usually not matured enough to safely carry a baby
(ii) Shame and disgrace on both teenage mother and family – since teenage pregnancy is considered unacceptable in most societies and cultures.
(iii) Worries about the future – regarding how to cater for herself and her child, since she is most likely unemployed; and especially when the father of the child has either refused responsibility or is unable to help
(iv) Delayed Education – because she may have to suspend her education or drop out of school for a while in order to deliver and nurse the baby for some time.
(v) Depression – due the intense mental stress she may be going through as a result of the situation.
(vi) Financial difficulties – in the case where she has little or no support from her parents or the father of the child. She may have to use the little money she may have to care for the baby.
(vii) Baby health – The baby‟s health may be poor as a result of the inadequate care it may receive.
(viii) Reduced parental care – for the baby as a result of the teenage mother‟s several challenges, including financial, mental, physical, educational, etc
(ix) Increased burden on society – if the child due to inadequate care, ends up in the social welfare children‟s home or becomes a street child.

6.

(a) Religious songs
These are songs that are sung by the religious groups usually as part of the worship activities. These songs normally express praise / adoration /consolation / affirmation / confession / inspiration / instruction / admonition etc.

(b) Moral lessons that can be learnt from such songs
(i) Love – We must love God and love our neighbour
(ii) Peace – we must live at peace with one another
(iii) Compassion – we must be compassionate towards others, especially those in unfortunate circumstances
(iv) Obedience – we must obey God and those who have authority over us
(v) Trust – we must trust God with all our heart and be trustworthy ourselves
(vi) Faithfulness – we must be faithful with whatever we are responsible for
(vii) Submission – we must submit ourselves to God and to our elders
(viii) Mercy / Forgiveness – we must show mercy to those who offend us and forgive them
(ix) Graciousness – we must be gracious to others, just as God has been to us
(x) Honesty – we must be honest in all our dealings and relationships
(xi) Perseverance – we must not give up our good works even in difficult times
(xii) Diligent work – we must work diligently
(xiii) Generosity – we must give cheerfully and abundantly

7.

(a) How leisure time is different from idleness

(b) Ways in which you can use your leisure time profitably
(i) Taking a nap
(ii) Playing beneficial games
(iii) Taking part in a sporting activity
(iv) Reading a good storybook or other good materials (not textbooks)
(v) Exercising the body
(vi) Taking part in communal labour (or other activity)
(vii) Seeking guidance and counseling
(viii) Learning a new skill, such as riding a bicycle, playing an instrument
(ix) Singing and dancing
(x) Listening to good music or other artistic work
(xi) Watching a good movie or a beneficial programme on TV

8.

(a) Moral responsibilities of parents
(i) Teaching children good manners
(ii) Helping their children with their school work
(iii) Training the children to do domestic work / manage the home
(iv) Providing the basic needs (food, shelter and clothes) for their children
(v) Providing a peaceful and harmonious environment in the home for their children
(vi) Paying the school fees of the children
(vii) Leading exemplary lives for their children to emulate
(viii) Making savings / investments for the future wellbeing of the children
(ix) Guiding their children to make right choices in life
(x) Praying for their children

(b) Duties that a pupil is expected to perform in school
(i) Doing one‟s school chores diligently and faithfully
(ii) Attending morning assembly and all other school gatherings regularly and punctually.
(iii) Greeting and respecting teachers and school mates
(iv) Paying attention during lessons
(v) Doing and submitting class work on time
(vi) Ensuring that one‟s surroundings is always kept clean
(vii) Dressing modestly and decently
(viii) Assisting / helping friends whenever they need help.
(ix) Obeying good instructions from teachers and seniors
(x) Abiding by all school rules.