Religious and Moral Education RME BECE 2003

April 2003
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 Minutes

1. God created the sky on the

A. first day
B. second day
C. third day
D. fourth day

2. The saying „service to mankind is service to God‟ relates to which teaching of Jesus?

A. Loving God and neighbour as yourself
B. Giving service to people outside your family
C. God must be served by all humankind
D. The son of man came to serve humankind

3. A teaching common to both Christianity and Islam on salvation is that, salvation is

A. a gift of God for all people
B. the result of our good deeds
C. for those who would go to heaven
D. for those who would observe the ten commandments

4. Whose preaching ministry urged the Jews to bear fruits that befit repentance?

A. Jesus Christ B. Paul C. Peter D. John the Baptist

5. The Caliph Abu Bakr was referred to as Siddiq by Muhammad due to his

A. courage B. tolerance C. truthfulness D. generosity

6. All those who took custody of Prophet Muhammad were happy with him because he

A. had a unique character
B. was a hardworking young man
C. was an orphan at a tender age
D. was prayerful

7. In the traditional society, rites of passage involve a

A. transition from death to become an ancestor
B. life cycle from one stage to another
C. transition from death to reincarnation
D. period of death and resurrection

8. Which of the following best sums up the Ten Commandments?

A. Respect B. Hospitality C. Sincerity D. Love

9. God made a covenant with

A. Isaac B. Abraham C. Jacob D. Joshua

10. Like the Jews, the Muslims also believe they are descendants of

A. Abraham B. Isaac C. Moses D. Jacob

11. By creating Adam and Eve, God was establishing the institution of

A. Comportment B. brotherliness C. friendship D. marriage

12. The importance of fasting in Islam is to

A. honour the poor and needy
B. guard against evil
C. keep the body fit
D. store food for future use

13. Which of the following persons knew God „face to face‟?

A. Abraham B. Isaac C. Jacob D. Moses

14. The Hadith of the Muslims signifies the

A. revelations of the „Junnah‟
B. revelations of Abu Bakr
C. sayings of the Holy Prophet
D. writings of the Holy Prophet

15. Which of the following serve as intermediary to God during traditional prayers?

A. Lesser gods B. Diviners C. Dwarfs D. Herbalists

16. The main reason for the celebration of festivals is to

A. entertain people
B. install a new chief
C. thank the gods for a successful year
D. bring wrongdoers in the community to book

17. The rite of going round the Ka‟aba seven times during the Hajj signifies

A. honesty B. bravery C. endurance D. obedience

18. Traditional believers wear charms and talismans

A. to look attractive
B. for special protection
C. to be able to fight in the market
D. for longer life

19. Fishermen all over the country do not go to sea on

A. Tuesdays B. Fridays C. Saturdays D. Sundays

20. To the traditional believer the next in importance to the Supreme Being are the

A. lesser gods
B. earth goddess
C. ancestral spirits
D. spirits in plants and animals

21. The purpose of school rules and regulations is to

A. get pupils punished
B. encourage pupils to become good pastors
C. promote good conditions for work
D. reward obedient pupils

22. It is the responsibility of the child to

A. do his household chores
B. invite his friends to his house
C. request his parents to organize a party
D. wake his parents up from bed

23. The basic role of the father is to

A. cook for the family
B. make sure the children work
C. make sure there is water in the house
D. provide shelter for the family

24. In the traditional society giving birth to children is considered as a

A. privilege B. responsibility C. right D. virtue

25. In a school‟s speech and prize-giving day, the best pupil is rewarded with a

A. book prize B. cash prize C. testimonial D. certificate

26. When Fatimah and Mansah are committed to each other in friendship, they are prepared to

A. Worship God sincerely
B. run away from evil
C. write an examination together
D. share their wealth and poverty together

27. Anyone who enters a house is expected to first

A. ask for water
B. remove his sandals
C. offer greetings
D. ask for a seat

28. The basis for describing some drugs as sedative is that they

A. stimulate the user
B. tend to relax the nerves and reduce stress
C. make the user to „feel high‟
D. protect the user from the physical effects of drugs

29. The popular saying that „all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy‟ means Jack must

A. play a lot after work
B. must work very hard
C. have leisure hours
D. work while playing

30. Teenage pregnancy mostly occurs between the ages of

A. 6 – 8 years B. 8 – 10 years C. 13 – 19 years D. 20 – 24 years

31. The best way to become a committed Christian is to

A. repent and accept Christ as Saviour
B. attend all church activities
C. co-operate with other believers
D. take the holy communion regularly

32. The cutlass given to a boy at puberty signifies

A. acceptance into the military sect
B. bravery and courage
C. readiness to defend the community
D. working to maintain himself and the family

33. One important objective of religious youth organizations is to

A. organize dancing competitions
B. organize pleasure trips
C. practise moral teachings
D. challenge elders on community development committees

34. The following are methods of preventing teenage pregnancy except

A. avoiding pre-marital sex
B. influence of peer group pressure
C. adequate parental care
D. adequate sex education

35. People lead decent lives in order to

A. be praised for patriotism
B. be seen as kind and generous
C. promote healthy and peaceful conditions
D. qualify as an ancestor

36. Good deeds are rewarded to

A. encourage people
B. make people courteous
C. instill bravery in people
D. promote peace

37. When we show regret for bad deeds done we

A. repair broken relationships
B. drive people away
C. harden people‟s heart
D. break people‟s heart

38. The importance of work is to help us to

A. be honest in our daily activities
B. plan our duties at all times
C. be reliable in the society
D. keep healthy and active minds

39. A person is regarded as tolerant when the person is

A. courteous B. patient C. hardworking D. truthful

40. Anyone who accepts responsibility for wrongdoing and is prepared to correct it is described as being

A. God-fearing B. obedient C. repentant D. sincere

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST

1. B. second day
2. A. Loving God and neighbour as yourself
3. A. a gift of God for all people
4. D. John the Baptist
5. C. truthfulness
6. B. was a hardworking young man
7. B. life cycle from one stage to another
8. D. Love
9. B. Abraham
10. A. Abraham
11. D. marriage
12. B. guard against evil
13. D. Moses
14. C. sayings of the Holy Prophet
15. A. Lesser gods
16. C. thank the gods for a successful year
17. C. endurance
18. B. for special protection
19. A. Tuesdays
20. C. ancestral spirits
21. C. promote good conditions for work
22. A. do his household chores
23. D. provide shelter for the family
24. B. responsibility
25. A. book prize
26. D. share their wealth and poverty together
27. C. offer greetings
28. B. tend to relax the nerves and reduce stress
29. C. have leisure hours
30. C. 13 – 19 years
31. A. repent and accept Christ as Saviour
32. D. working to maintain himself and the family
33. C. practise moral teachings
34. B. influence of peer group pressure
35. C. promote healthy and peaceful conditions
36. A. encourage people
37. A. repair broken relationships
38. C. be reliable in the society
39. B. patient
40. C. repentant

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only from this section, choosing one question from each part

Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material

PART I
RELIGION
Answer one question only from this part

1.
(a) Give an account of the story of the prodigal son
(b) What three lessons can be learnt from the story?

2.
(a) What is Eid-ul-Adha?
(b) Explain how it is observed in Muslim communities

3.
(a) Narrate one African traditional story on creation
(b) Explain any three attributes of God in the creation story

PART II
MORAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part

4.
(a) Describe any four ways of living a good moral life
(b) What are the benefits of living this type of life?

5.
(a) State three reasons each why children should be obedient to
(i) parents
(ii) teachers
(b) Mention any four rules that are expected to be obeyed in your school

6.
(a) Describe any five symptoms of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
(b) How can AIDS be prevented in your community?

PART III
SOCIAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part.

7.
(a) Give five reasons why money is very important in our lives
(b) Describe how one can earn money in an honest way.

8.
(a) Explain five disadvantages of belonging to the extended family
(b) What four advantages can be derived from such a family

April 2003
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION
SOLUTIONS
SECTION B
ESSAY

1.

(a) An account of the story of the prodigal son
From Luke 15:11-32
– There was a man who had two sons.
– One day, the younger son asked his father to divide his property and give him his share immediately.
– The father did as the son requested.
– A few days after, the son gathered his entire share that the father gave to him and travelled into a far country.
– While there, he lived a careless and extravagant lifestyle.
– After some time, he had spent and wasted all that he had and was left with nothing.
– There was also a famine (shortage of food and other basic necessities) in that country.
– He ended up working for someone who made him take care of pigs.
– At times, he was so hungry that he felt like feeding himself with the pigs‟ food.
– None of his friends helped him or gave him anything.
– Then, he remembered his father‟s house, where even servants had more than enough food to eat; and here he was, almost starving to death.
– He decided there and then to humble himself, go back to his father, plead for mercy and forgiveness and ask to work as a servant in his father‟s house.
– So headed back to his father‟s house as he had planned.
– On his way back home, his father saw him while he was still far away.
– Out of compassion, he ran to meet him and welcomed him by hugging and kissing him.
– The son confessed his sins and showed regret and repentance.
– The father forgave him and asked for him to be clothed with the best robe, a ring and shoes.
– The father also asked for the best calf to be killed and used for a feast to celebrate the return of his prodigal younger son.
– Meanwhile, the older son, however, was not happy when he came from work and heard what was going on.
– The reason he gave was that he has stayed faithful, loyal and obedient to the father all this while. Yet, the father had never thrown even a small party for him.
– The father explained that all that he has belongs to him (the elder son), therefore he should not worry. As for the prodigal son, he was considered lost and dead, but now he is found and alive

(b) Lessons that can be learnt from the story
(i) We must be patient and wait for the right time for certain privileges
(ii) God has given us the freewill to choose to be with him or be on our own, however, each choice has its consequences.
(iii) Staying with God brings blessings and peace, whereas moving away from God brings curses and suffering.
(iv) We must avoid making hasty decisions
(v) Wrongdoing / sin leads to shame and disgrace, while upright living leads to honour and grace.
(vi) Whatever we are doing now has future implications, which are either positive or negative
(vii) We must use our resources (money, time, energy, etc) for things that would benefit us in future, rather than just spending / wasting it.
(viii) The friends who may influence one to waste his resources now, will leave / even mock (laugh at) the one when the resources are gone in future.
(ix) We must not be in a hurry to leave home /be independent (from our parents/ guardians). Many times dependence is better and safer for us.
(x) When we realize that we have done wrong / made a mistake, we must humble ourselves, go and ask for forgiveness and change for the better.
(xi) It is never too late to change our minds / repent.
(xii) God is (and most parents/guardians/teachers are) ever willing to forgive and receive us back, whenever we go wrong, but repent and come back.
(xiii) We must also be willing and ready to forgive anyone who offends us, even before the person apologizes.
(xiv) God is merciful and gracious; so must we, his children.

2.

(a) Eid-ul-Adha
 It means „Festival of Sacrifice‟, and also known as „Greater Eid‟.
 It is the second most important festival in the Muslim calendar.
 It is celebrated to commemorate Prophet Ibrahim‟s willingness to sacrifice his son, Ismail, when God ordered him to.
 The celebration begins from the 10th day of the 12th month of the Islamic calendar.

(b) How it is observed in Muslim communities
(i) Muslims go to the Mosque for prayers dressed in festive clothes
(ii) They thank Allah for all the blessings they have received
(iii) Muslims, who can afford it, sacrifice a sheep (sometimes a goat) as a reminder of Ibrahim‟s obedience to Allah. Before the sacrifice, the butcher‟s hand is placed on the animal and a prescribed prayer is said.
(iv) The meat is divided into 3 equal parts and shared out among family, friends (and neighbours) and the poor.
(v) Muslims also give out money for humanitarian services to the poor

3.

(a) African traditional stories on creation
Boshongo, Bantu Tribe (Central and Southern Africa) In the beginning there was only darkness, water, and the great god Bumba. One day Bumba, in pain from a stomach ache, vomited up the sun. The sun dried up some of the water, leaving land. Still in pain, Bumba vomited up the moon, the stars, and then some animals: the leopard, the crocodile, the turtle, and, finally, some men, one of whom, Yoko Lima was white like Bumba.
Dogon (Mali) At the beginning of time, Amma (a supreme god who lived in the celestial regions and was the origin of all creation) created the Earth and immediately joined with it. But the Earth’s clitoris opposed the male penis. Amma destroyed it, circumcising his wife, and they had a child, Ogo, and the twins, the Nommo. Ogo had no partner and was barren, so he introduced disorder into the world by committing incest with his mother, Earth. The first menstrual blood came from this union, as well as Yeban and Andumbulu, the spirits of the underworld. Amma created the stars by throwing pellets of earth into space. He created the sun and moon by modelling two white earthenware bowls, one encircled with red copper, the other with white copper. Black people were born under the sun and white people under the moon.
Efik (Central Nigeria):
The creator, Abassi, created two humans and then decided to not allow them to live on earth. His wife, Atai, persuaded him to let them do so. In order to control the humans, Abassi insisted that they eat all their meals with him, thereby keeping them from growing or hunting food. He also forbade them to procreate. Soon, though, the woman began growing food in the earth, and they stopped showing up to eat with Abassi. Then the man joined his wife in the fields, and before long there were children also. Abassi blamed his wife for the way things had turned out, but she told him she would handle it. She sent to earth death and discord to keep the people in their place.
Ekoi (South Nigeria):
In the beginning there were two gods, Obassi Osaw and Obassi Nsi. The two gods created everything together. Then Obassi Osaw decided to live in the sky and Obassi Nsi decided to live on the earth. The god in the sky gives light and moisture, but also brings drought and storms. The god of the earth nurtures, and takes the people back to him when they die. One day long ago Obassi Osaw made a man and a woman, and placed them upon the earth. They knew nothing so Obassi Nsi taught them about planting and hunting to get food.
Ethiopia: Wak was the creator god who lived in the clouds. He kept the vault of the heavens at a distance from the earth and covered it with stars. He was a benefactor and did not punish. When the earth was flat Wak asked man to make his own coffin, and when man did this Wak shut him up in it and pushed it into the ground. For seven years he made fire rain down and the mountains were formed. Then Wak unearthed the coffin and man sprang forth, alive. Man tired of living alone, so Wak took some of his blood, and after four days, the blood became a woman whom the man married. They had 30 children, but the man was ashamed of having so
many so he hid 15 of them. Wak then made those hidden children into animals and demons.
Wahungwe (Zimbabwe): Maori created the first man, Mwuetsi, who became the moon. Maori gave him a ngona horn filled with ngona oil and told him he would live at the bottom of the waters. Mwuetsi objected and said he wished to live on the land. Maori reluctantly agreed, but said Mwuetsi would give up immortality if he did. After a while Mwuetsi complained of loneliness, so Maori sent him a woman, Massassi (the morning star), to keep him company for two years. Each night they slept on opposite sides of a campfire, until one night Mwuetsi jumped over the flame and touched Massassi with a finger he had moistened with the ngona oil. In the moning Massassi was huge, and soon gave birth to plants and trees until the whole earth was covered by them. At the end of two years Maori took Massassi away. Mwuetsi wept for eight years, at which time Maori sent him another woman, Morongo (the evening star), saying that she could stay for two years. On the first night Mwuetsi touched her with his oiled finger, but she said she was different than Massassi, and that they would have to oil their loins and have intercourse. This they did, this night, and every night thereafter. Every morning Morongo gave birth to the animals of creation. Then she gave birth to human boys and girls, who became full-grown by that very same evening. Maori voiced his disleasure with a fierce storm, and told Mwuetsi he was hastening his death with all this procreation. Morongo, ever the temptress, instructed Mwuetsi to build a door to their habitat so that Maori could not see what they were doing. He did this, and again they slept together. Now in the morning Morongo gave birth to violent animals; snakes, scorpions, lions, etc. One night Morongo told Mwuetsi to have intercourse with his daughters, which he did, thereby fathering the human race.
Zulu (South Africa)
The Ancient One, known as Unkulunkulu, is the Zulu creator. He came from the reeds (uthlanga, means source) and from them he brought forth the people and the cattle. He created everything that is: mountains,streams, snakes, etc. He taught the Zulu how to hunt, how to make fire, and how to grow food. He is considered to be the First Man and is in everything that he created.
Akan (Ghana)
God first created the court crier, who stands for order. After which God created the earth and plants. He then created the sky, water bodies and plants in that order. He made animals and all other living things. God then created human beings to cater for and feed on the plants and animals. The spirits and lesser gods were then created to protect and support the human beings. The spirits / lesser gods were made to dwell in plants, water bodies, forests, rocks, mountains, etx. God then created Okyrema (the drummer) who is the custodian / symbol of knowledge. Finally, God created death.

(b) Attributes of God in the creation stories
(i) All powerful
(ii) All knowing
(iii) Ever present
(iv) Order / Structure
(v) Sovereign
(vi) Peace-loving

4.

(a) Ways of living a good moral life
(i) We can live good moral lives by
(ii) Fearing (respecting and serving) God
(iii) Honouring and obeying our parents and elders
(iv) Living a chaste life (abstaining from all forms of sexual immorality)
(v) Being honest / truthful in all things
(vi) Being humble and submissive to our parents and teachers
(vii) Working hard / diligently
(viii) Helping those who need help
(ix) Respectful and polite to everyone
(x) Doing our house chores dutifully
(xi) Doing our school assignments properly
(xii) Giving to the poor, if we can

(b) The benefits of living this type of life
(i) It brings honour to one‟s family
(ii) It gives one a high social reputation
(iii) It gives one a high self esteem / confidence
(iv) It gives one the peace of mind (sound mind) needed to focus on one‟s education.
(v) It enables one to enjoy a smooth progress of education / training
(vi) Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
(vii) Avoidance of teenage pregnancy and related problems
(viii) Higher chance of attracting responsible partner for marriage
(ix) It creates peace and harmony in the community
(x) It makes one gain much favour and help from various people.
(xi) It makes it easy for one to make good friends.
(xii) It creates unity and a sense of togetherness in the community
(xiii) It promotes rapid development of the community
(xiv) It creates a sense of satisfaction and joy in people
(xv) It brings spiritual blessings
(xvi) It can open up several good opportunities for the person

5.

(a)

(i) Reasons each why children should be obedient to parents
– It is a commandment from God
– It attracts the blessings of God upon the child
– It brings favour from parents towards the child
– It ensures safety / security for the child
– It helps children avoid certain mistakes in life
– It promotes good / healthy parent-child relationship
– It makes it easy for parents to provide the needs / wants of their children
– It creates a peaceful and sound mind for both parent and child
(ii) Reasons each why children should be obedient to teachers
– It attracts rewards and favour from the teachers
– It portrays good upbringing at the child‟s home
– It facilitates higher academic performance
– It promotes good / healthy teacher-child relationship
– It creates a conducive atmosphere for teaching and learning
– It ensures safety / security for the child
– It helps children avoid certain mistakes in life
– It creates a peaceful and sound mind for both teacher and child

(b) Rules that are expected to be obeyed in your school
(i) Come to school before the stipulated arrival time (eg, 7:00am)
(ii) Do your school chores diligently
(iii) Attend morning assembly and all other school gatherings regularly and punctually.
(iv) Greet and respect all teachers and school mates
(v) Pay attention in class
(vi) Do and submit your class and home work on time
(vii) Ensure that your surrounding is always kept clean
(viii) Wear the required uniform at all times
(ix) Dress modestly and decently
(x) Assist / help others whenever they need help.
(xi) Obey good instructions from teachers and seniors
(xii) Raise your hand and wait to be called to answer or ask a question
(xiii) Pay attention during lessons
(xiv) Take part in all classroom activities
(xv) Respect the views of others
(xvi) Greet the teacher and your classmates when you enter the classroom
(xvii) Do not leave the classroom without permission
(xviii) Do not stand on the tables and chairs except by permission
(xix) Do not litter the classroom or school compound
(xx) Do not make noise in class
(xxi) Do not fight in class (or anywhere)
(xxii) Do not eat in class
(xxiii) Do not use abusive language
(xxiv) Do not sleep in class

6.

(a) Symptoms of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
(i) Fever
(ii) Coughing
(iii) Shortness of breath
(iv) Extreme fatigue / lack of energy
(v) Weight loss
(vi) Severe and persistent diarrhoea
(vii) Severe headaches
(viii) Coma
(ix) Forgetfulness

(b) How AIDS can be prevented in the community
(i) Abstaining from casual / premarital sex – People who are not yet married must abstain from all forms of sexual contact with others. This makes it almost impossible for one to get infected with the HIV, since the infection is mostly spread through sexual contact.
(ii) Intensifying public education on prevention and control of AIDS.
(iii) Undergoing Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) – This is a test conducted to test for the presence of the HIV / AIDS virus in a person. The person is counseled before and after the test.
(iv) Being faithful to ones’ partner – Married couples must have sexual intimacy only with each other. In the case where one partner is already infected, then they must always use a condom in order to greatly reduce the risk of infecting the other partner.
(v) Using a condom when having sex with an infected person. For people who indulge in pre-marital / casual / extra-marital sex, it is advisable to use a condom in order to reduce the risk of getting infected.
(vi) Disinfection and sterilization of tools and equipment that are used on or in the body. This must be done to kill any bacteria and viruses that may be present, and hence prevent infection.
(vii) Avoiding the sharing of unsterilized cutting or piercing objects, such as syringes, needles blades
(viii) Using antiretroviral drugs to help prevent HIV transmission from pregnant HIV-positive mother to unborn child. The drug helps to stop the multiplication and spread of the HIV, therefore reducing the risk of the expectant mother infecting the unborn child.

7.

(a) Reasons why money is very important in our lives
(i) It is used to obtain our basic needs (food, water, shelter, clothing)
(ii) It is used to pay our bills (eg, electricity, transport and maintenance)
(iii) It enables the valuation of goods and services.
(iv) It is used to pay our school fees and other public/social services
(v) It can be invested in a business to generate income / more money
(vi) It can be used to pay for insurance against unforeseen misfortunes, such as death, motor accidents, fire outbreaks

(b) How one can earn money in an honest way.
(i) By working as an employee and receiving a salary
(ii) By engaging in a business venture
(iii) By rendering a commercial service for the public
(iv) By investing in a business or enterprise
(v) By depositing money in an interest-paying savings bank account
(vi) By depositing money in mutual funds
(vii) By buying treasury bills
(viii) By buying shares on the stock market

8.

(a) Disadvantages of belonging to the extended family
(i) Reduced privacy as members keep meddling in the affairs of others.
(ii) Slow decision-taking process due to large size.
(iii) More money needed to cater for the needs of the family
(iv) Higher frequency of quarrels and disagreements among members
(v) Weaker bond of unity / oneness within family
(vi) Inadequate supervision of children by parents
(vii) Greater envy /jealousy among extended family members
(viii) High incidence of sexual / physical abuse.
(ix) Slower conflict resolution
(x) Greater pressure on family resources

(b) Advantages can be derived from such a family
(i) Other family members take up the responsibility of caring for the children in the absence of biological parents
(ii) Members gain broad knowledge, experience and wisdom from elders in the extended family.
(iii) Children are able to learn their native language properly.
(iv) Children do not go wayward (get spoilt), even if parents are absent for long periods.
(v) Greater security of members due to larger size
(vi) Members are able to properly learn / apply the culture / customs of their native background
(vii) Where parents are irresponsible, the children have other family members to depend on for guidance, assistance and security.
(viii) Members benefit from strong relationships among family members
(ix) More opportunities for progress in life, due to help from other members in the extended family