Religious and Moral Education RME BECE 2002

April 2002
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 Minutes

1. On the fifth day of creation, God commanded

A. lights to appear in the sky to separate day from night
B. water and air to be filled with many kinds of living creatures
C. water to come together in one place so that the land will appear
D. the waters under the firmament to separate from that above the firmament

2. The omnipresence of God means that He is

A. everywhere B. all knowing C. always alive D. all powerful

3. All the three main religions in Ghana believe strongly in

A. angels B. ancestors C. destiny D. righteousness

4. One of the main reasons why Christians pray is to ask God to

A. let them fight their enemies
B. forgive them their sins
C. draw them closer to their friends
D. give them more wealth

5. The most important rite in an Islamic marriage is the

A. presentation of household utensils to the bride
B. delivery of wedding sermon during the feast
C. payment of the dowry
D. celebration of the marriage feast

6. In Islam a Muslim must offer prayers

A. six times daily
B. five times daily
C. four times daily
D. three times daily

7. A traditional believer sacrifices when he

A. pours libation to the gods
B. offers food and living things to the gods
C. sings dirges to the dead
D. wins a fortune

8. Christians believe in Jesus Christ because He

A. had a virgin birth
B. came to save humankind from their sins
C. overcame death on the holy cross
D. could perform many miracles

9. One of the best advantages of celebrating festivals is to

A. come together to fight for one‟s rights
B. help organize funerals well
C. train the youth in defending the community
D. continue with the traditions

10. A naming ceremony gives the new-born baby

A. a position in the family
B. an identity in the family
C. a home to stay
D. reunion with the community

11. Palm Sunday is celebrated to mark the

A. birth of Jesus Christ
B. outpouring of the Holy Spirit
C. joyful journey of Jesus into Jerusalem
D. resurrection of Jesus from the dead

12. Id-ul-Fitr in Islam is the feast of

A. sacrifice on 10th of Zul-Hijjah
B. breaking the Fast of Ramadan
C. Ramadan in which the Quran was revealed
D. the Prophet‟s birthday on 12th of Rabii Al-Awwal

13. The traditionalist believes that his destiny can be changed if he

A. is born again into Christianity
B. could consult the gods
C. becomes a wizard
D. is well educated

14. For the Muslim to gain salvation, he must

A. confess very often
B. observe the teachings of Islam
C. marry not more than five women
D. help his neighbour to go on a Hajj

15. The importance of performing funeral rites is that it

A. helps the dead to join the ancestors
B. avoids more deaths in the family
C. opens the way for the dead to go to heaven
D. enables the dead to resurrect on the last day

16. A person cannot qualify to be an ancestor if he

A. had many wives
B. had many children
C. was very unpopular
D. committed suicide

17. The best way to pray during worship is to

A. face the east and in reverence
B. kneel with arms open and humbly
C. be humble and sincere
D. remove your sandals

18. The Islamic practice by which wealthy Muslims show concern for the poor and the needy is

A. Tawaf B. Zakat C. Hajj D. Salat

19. All the laws which Moses gave to Israel can be found in the Books of

A. Genesis, Exodus and Numbers
B. Genesis, Deuteronomy and Numbers
C. Genesis, Deuteronomy and Leviticus
D. Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy

20. A Muslim performs Tayammum when he

A. is late to the mosque
B. vitiates his wudu
C. cannot find water
D. meets the Imam in the mosque

21. The extended family meets often to

A. name a new-born baby
B. share family property
C. select a new chief
D. elect the head of the family

22. As a child of the state, you have the right to

A. vote B. education C. work D. worship

23. As pupils, we should use our leisure time to

A. play games
B. do our homework
C. do household chores
D. go to church

24. The expression work and happiness means

A. when one works, one becomes happy
B. enjoying the fruits of one‟s labour
C. singing whilst working
D. always working

25. In order to live in harmony with family members, we must be

A. respectful B. brave C. courageous D. faithful

26. One important responsibility as a member of a religious group is to

A. sweep the meeting place everyday
B. gather the youth and talk to them
C. obey the rules of the religion
D. attend church service always

27. In a matrilineal home, the head of the family is the

A. father B. aunt C. uncle D. mother

28. The institution of authority in the society ensures

A. peace and order
B. good religious lives
C. a healthy environment
D. respect for adults

29. We can avoid conflicts in our communities by

A. talking to our enemies
B. ignoring trouble makers
C. going to the courts
D. settling our differences peacefully

30. Which of the following is a symptom of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)?

A. Sleeping very often
B. Suffering from the waist
C. Rapid loss of weight
D. Strong pains in the abdomen

31. A happy and prosperous life depends on

A. obedience B. respect C. courage D. hard work

32. Which of the following behaviours does not show courtesy?

A. Respect for age group
B. Apologising for mistakes
C. Helping the aged
D. Being aggressive

33. Which of the following activities destroys our vegetation?

A. Cutting down trees without replanting
B. Killing birds for game
C. Constructing drains everywhere
D. Clearing the land for building projects

34. To overcome teenage pregnancy, a girl should

A. avoid sex completely
B. attend hospital regularly
C. be obedient and hardworking
D. be well educated on sex

35. Which of the following is an example of a hard drug?

A. Chloroquine B. Coffee C. Alcohol D. Cocaine

36. Commitment can best be explained as an act of

A. devoting oneself to something
B. accepting one‟s faults publicly
C. fighting for one‟s basic rights
D. showing forgiveness

37. Blessed are the meek for they shall

A. see God
B. obtain mercy
C. inherit the earth
D. enter the kingdom of heaven

38. A patriotic citizen is one who is

A. loyal and law abiding
B. loyal and hospitable to strangers
C. loving and willing to die for the nation
D. respectful in the community

39. Which of the following is the best way of handling money?

A. Keeping it under the breast
B. tying it in a handkerchief
C. Crumpling it into a savings box
D. Folding it neatly into the pocket

40. One good reason for the establishment of the Catholic Youth Organisation (CYO) is to

A. serve as soldiers to defend the church
B. foster unity among the priests
C. perform cultural dances in the church
D. teach the young about the tradition of the church

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. B. water and air to be filled with many kinds of living creatures
2. A. everywhere
3. D. righteousness
4. B. forgive them their sins
5. C. payment of the dowry
6. B. five times daily
7. B. offers food and living things to the gods
8. B. came to save humankind from their sins
9. D. continue with the traditions
10. B. an identity in the family
11. C. joyful journey of Jesus into Jerusalem
12. B. breaking the Fast of Ramadan
13. B. could consult the gods
14. B. observe the teachings of Islam
15. A. helps the dead to join the ancestors
16. D. committed suicide
17. C. be humble and sincere
18. B. Zakat
19. D. Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy
20. C. cannot find water
21. A. name a new-born baby
22. B. education
23. A. play games
24. B. enjoying the fruits of one‟s labour
25. A. respectful
26. C. obey the rules of the religion
27. C. uncle
28. A. peace and order
29. D. settling our differences peacefully
30. C. Rapid loss of weight
31. D. hard work
32. D. Being aggressive
33. A. Cutting down trees without replanting
34. A. avoid sex completely
35. D. Cocaine
36. A. devoting oneself to something
37. C. inherit the earth
38. A. loyal and law abiding
39. D. Folding it neatly into the pocket
40. D. teach the young about the tradition of the church

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only from this section, choosing one question from each part

Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material

PART I
RELIGION
Answer one question only from this part
1.
(a) State any five of the Ten Commandments.
(b) Explain why these commandments are important.
2.
(a) Describe how witchcraft is acquired.
(b) State four reasons why people believe in witches and wizards.
3.
(a) What is revelation in Islam?
(b) Identify the importance of revelation to the Muslim.

PART II
MORAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part
4.
(a) Describe how Ghanaians greet each other
(b) Show the importance of greetings in the society.
5.
Explain the responsibilities of a child to the community
6.
(a) Give five examples of bad deeds.
(b) What are the effects of such bad deeds?

PART III
SOCIAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part.
7.
(a) Identify any three types of work
(b) Describe any four ways by which the spirit of hard work can be developed
8.
(a) What is a human right?
(b) Describe how any three rights of the child can be protected

April 2002
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION
SOLUTIONS
SECTION B
ESSAY

1.

(a) The Ten Commandments.
(i) I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
You shall have no other gods before me.
(ii) You shall not make for yourself a graven image (an idol), which looks like anything in heaven or on earth or under the earth;
You shall not bow down to them or serve them;
(iii) You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
(iv) Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
Six days you shall labor, and do all your work;
but the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God; in it you shall not do any work,.
(v) Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land which the LORD your God gives you.
(vi) You shall not kill.
(vii) You shall not commit adultery.
(viii) You shall not steal.
(ix) You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
(x) You shall not desire another person‟s house / wife/ manservant / maidservant / ox / anything that belongs to another person.

(b) Why these commandments are important.
(i) God himself wrote the commandment with his finger (Exo.24:12, Exo.31:18)
(ii) The first five teach us how to relate with God
(iii) The last five teach us how to relate with fellow humans
(iv) They form the fundamentals / basics of constitutions / laws of many nations
(v) They guide us on how to live upright lives
(vi) Their observance promote peace, love and harmony in the society
(vii) Their observance attracts blessings

2.

(a) How witchcraft is acquired.
(i) Through gifts
A person, who already has witchcraft, gives a gift to someone who is not yet possessed. Once the recipient receives the gift and uses it, the witchcraft is transferred from the giver to the recipient.
(ii) By inheritance
A person who does not have witchcraft may inherit certain things from a witchcraft possessed relative who dies. If the inheritor receives and uses the items he/she may also acquire the witchcraft.
(iii) Through the wearing of certain clothes / adornments
When a person who does not have witchcraft wears certain clothes or adornment such as bead, chains, bracelets, etc, that are witchcraft-possessed, they may also acquire witchcraft.
(iv) Through food
A person can acquire witchcraft through eating food that contains a witch-making substance.
(v) Though rituals
One can also acquire witchcraft through rituals that are performed for /on / by a person, either knowingly or unknowingly.

(b) Reasons why people believe in witches and wizards.
(i) Some people have openly confessed that they are witches / wizards
(ii) The scriptures (Bible / Quran, etc) makes mention of them
(iii) People have heard several stories about the activities of witches and wizards
(iv) Some people have personally experienced the activities of witches and wizards
(v) Some people have had dreams about witches and wizards.

3.

(a) Revelation in Islam
Messages that disclose / make known certain things about Allah and his will for humankind

(b) The importance of revelation to the Muslim.
(i) It makes the Muslim appreciate the oneness of Allah
(ii) It makes the Muslim know the will of Allah and submit to him
(iii) It shows the Muslim how to pray
(iv) It shows the Muslim how to relate with others
(v) It makes known the promises of Allah for his followers
(vi) It directs the Muslim to obey the teachings of Allah
(vii) It gives the Muslim understanding about various issues of life

4.

(a) How Ghanaians greet each other
(i) By verbal expression, such as „Good morning, Welcome, etc‟ in various languages
(ii) By shaking hands (the right hand must be used always)
(iii) By bowing / bending the knees briefly
(iv) By saluting with the right hand
(v) By waving the right hand
(vi) By prostrating (lying on the ground with the face down)
(vii) By removing one‟s hat
(viii) By lowering one‟s cloth (for men)

(b) The importance of greetings in the society.
(i) It shows respect to others
(ii) It shows one‟s recognition and adherence to customs / cultures
(iii) It creates a friendly atmosphere
(iv) It helps to start a conversation
(v) It enables one to feel welcome and at ease
(vi) It is a sign of proper upbringing
(vii) It promotes peace, love and harmony
(viii) It helps to lower relational tension among people
(ix) It helps to resolve conflicts

5. Explanation of the responsibilities of a child to the community
(i) Helping to clear bushy areas in order to prevent diseases/infections and maintain sanitation.
(ii) Helping to clear choked gutters in order to prevent diseases/infections and maintain sanitation.
(iii) Helping to tidy up dirty areas in order to prevent diseases/infections and maintain cleanliness.
(iv) Helping to fetch water for the home/ for elders to be used for domestic activities such as washing, bathing, cleaning and cooking
(v) Helping to wash dishes, clothes, etc for the home / for elders to ensure cleanliness and maintenance of personal hygiene
(vi) Reporting offensive behaviour / criminal activities to the authorities, so that the offenders can be dealt with, and thereby, reducing the social vices in the community
(vii) Participating in communal labour for the construction of social amenities, such as schools, public toilets, libraries, etc, thereby helping with the development of the community.

6.

(a) Examples of bad deeds.
(i) Abusing drugs
(ii) Prostitution
(iii) Armed robbery
(iv) Having pre-marital sex
(v) Telling lies
(vi) Insulting others
(vii) Showing disrespect to / disregard for others
(viii) Being late to school / church / other engagements
(ix) Being irregular at school / church
(x) Refusing to do one‟s homework or not doing it properly
(xi) Refusing to do one‟s house or school work/chores
(xii) Dressing indecently / inappropriately
(xiii) Performing badly in one‟s test or examination
(xiv) Refusing to help people when they need help which one can provide.
(xv) Disobeying instructions from elderly people
(xvi) Refusing to surrender one‟s seat for an elderly person
(xvii) Indiscriminate littering of the environment
(xviii) Keeping our bodies and surroundings dirty
(xix) Wasting water and electricity

(b) Effects of bad deeds
(i) Shame and disgrace to the person and his family/ school/ church, etc
(ii) Arrest, prosecution and imprisonment
(iii) Punishment at home or at school
(iv) Loss of friends / difficulty in making good friends
(v) Low reputation
(vi) Low productivity
(vii) Health Problems / Infections and diseases
(viii) Educational challenges
(ix) Loss of skills and knowledge
(x) Poverty / financial difficulty
(xi) Failure to achieve targets / objectives
(xii) Death
(xiii) Unemployment
(xiv) Mob action / Lynching
(xv) Broken homes
(xvi) Low self esteem
(xvii) Termination of education (dropping out of school)
(xviii) Spiritual weakness
(xix) Delayed Education
(xx) Depression / mental challenges

7.

(a) Types of work
(i) School work – Work done at school as part of the curriculum
(ii) Home chores – Work done at home / in our houses as part of our responsibilities
(iii) Communal work – Work done in / for our communities as part of our social responsibilities
(iv) Occupational work – Work done on a regular basis, especially to earn income
(v) Humanitarian work – Work done for the good of humankind

(b) Ways by which the spirit of hard work can be developed
(i) Being punctual – coming to / starting work on time
(ii) Being regular – coming to / doing work as often as is required
(iii) Being disciplined – doing what has to be done regardless of how one feels
(iv) Being committed – having a strong loyalty / devotion for the work (as though it were yours / your life depended on it)
(v) Being diligent – working tirelessly and consistently
(vi) Persevering – continuing / persisting, even in the face of difficulties
(vii) Staying focused – always having in mind the ultimate objective / goal / aim.
(viii) Being patient – Enduring / staying calm in case of unexpected delays

8.

(a) A human right
The basic privileges and freedoms to which all human beings are entitled
Or:
The basic privileges and freedoms of an individual

(b) How rights of the child can be protected
(i) The right to life
This right can be protected by
(A) EDUCATION: Children, parents and the general public must be educated on
 the rights of the child to life,
 ways of preventing abuse of the child‟s right to life and
 avenues through which one can seek help in case of abuse or attempted abuse of the child‟s right to life.
(B) PREVENTING ABORTION: Abortion of unborn babies must be prevented by making and enforcing laws against abortion
(C) IMPROVING REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SYSTEMS. Reproductive health systems must be improved to prevent child mortality (children dying at/after birth)
(ii) The right to education
This right can be protected by:
(A) PUBLIC EDUCATION : Running public education campaigns on
 the child‟s right to education
 ways of preventing abuse of the child‟s right to education and
 avenues through which one can address abuse or attempted abuse of the child‟s right to education.
(B) RESPONSIBLE PARENTING: Parents paying their children‟s school fees and providing other educational needs of the child.
(C) FREE AND COMPULSORY BASIC EDUCATION: The government making basic education free and compulsory
(D) GOVERNMENTAL / CIVIL SOCIETAL INTERVENTIONS: Government / civil society providing children with items such as school books, bags, uniforms, etc, that are needed for school
(iii) The right to equality
This right can be protected by:
(A) PUBLIC EDUCATION : Running public education campaigns on
 the child‟s right to equality
 ways of preventing abuse of the child‟s right to equality and
 avenues through which one can address abuse or attempted abuse of the child‟s right to equality.
(B) RESPONSIBLE PARENTING: Parents / teachers treating their children/ pupils equally, regardless of their sex, intelligence, physical appearance, temperament or any other unique personal trait.
(C) GOVERNMENTAL / CIVIL SOCIETAL INTERVENTIONS: The government and civil society providing equal opportunities for all children irrespective of their race/tribe, gender, location, social class, political opinion, etc.
(iv) Freedom of expression
This right can be protected by:
(A) PUBLIC EDUCATION : Running public education campaigns on
 the child‟s right to freedom of expression
 ways of preventing abuse of the child‟s right to freedom of expression and
 avenues through which one can address abuse or attempted abuse of the child‟s freedom of expression
(B) PROPER TRAINING: Parents/ teachers training their children on how to properly express their opinions with respect/ courtesy
(C) OPPORTUNITY FOR EXPRESSION: Parents / teachers allowing children to freely express their views.
(D) GOVERNMENTAL / CIVIL SOCIETAL INTERVENTIONS: The government and civil society providing good platforms for children to freely express their views without fear / reservation.
(v) Freedom of worship/ religion
This right can be protected by:
(A) PUBLIC EDUCATION: Running public education campaigns on
 the child‟s right to freedom of worship/ religion
 ways of preventing abuse of the child‟s right to freedom of worship/ religion and
 avenues through which one can address abuse or attempted abuse of the child‟s freedom of worship/ religion
(B) OPPORTUNITY FOR EXPRESSION: Parents/ teachers allowing children to worship / practice religion in the way that their spirits inspires them to.
(C) GOVERNMENTAL / CIVIL SOCIETAL INTERVENTIONS: The government and civil society providing legal protection