Religious and Moral Education RME BECE 2001

April 2001
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 Minutes

1. The first Ark to save God‟s people from the flood was built by

A. David B. Abraham C. Noah D. Solomon E. Moses

2. Jesus Christ began his ministry at the age of

A. 12 B. 25 C. 30 D. 33 E. 45

3. A Muslim is a person who

A. is at peace with God and his neighbour
B. can recite the whole Quran
C. fasts during the Ramadan
D. visits Mecca every year
E. comes from Arabia

4. From the age of eight, Muhammad was brought up by

A. Halimah
B. Abdul Mutalib
C. Khadijah
D. Abu Talib
E. Abdullah Amina

5. The Muslim festival of sacrifice is

A. Eid-ul-Fitr
B. Bilabi Nabi
C. Ramadan
D. Eid-ul-Khalimat
E. Eid-ul-Adhar

6. One of the characteristics of the African Traditional Religion is that it

A. originates from the Far East
B. regards God and Jesus at the centre of worship
C. was established by a powerful African King
D. has common beliefs and practices with Islam
E. has no written scriptures

7. Traditional religion is practiced in order to

A. instil discipline
B. worship idols
C. preserve African culture
D. disregard other religion
E. seek help from magicians

8. God is omnipresent. This means that God

A. is all-powerful
B. knows everything
C. is everywhere
D. is all forgiving
E. is very gracious

9. God blessed and made the Sabbath holy because it was the day

A. the Israelites fought their wars
B. for settling all disputes
C. set aside for the Passover feast
D. that God rested from creation
E. Moses received the Ten Commandments

10. Salat is to prayer as charity is to

A. Zakat B. Shahadah C. Sawm D. Hajj E. Sunnah

11. Akwasidae according to the Akan calendar is

A. a day that marks the beginning of the month
B. the first Sunday that marks the beginning of the month
C. the Sunday that marks the 42nd day of the month
D. a day on which the Golden Stool descended
E. a day when rituals are not performed

12. The first Jewish temple was built by

A. David B. Saul C. Solomon D. Samuel E. Elijah
13. Jesus Christ was born in

A. Jerusalem B. Bethlehem C. Bethsaida D. Galilee E. Nazareth

14. Which of the following succeeded Muhammad?

A. Abdullah
B. Musa Muhammad
C. Abubakar
D. Issa Ibrahim
E. Ali Muhammad

15. The main role of angels in Islam is to

A. reveal Allah‟s orders and messages to His Prophets
B. help Allah‟s Prophets to understand the Quran
C. explain dreams to the people
D. give spiritual powers for the writing of Quran
E. give spiritual powers to those who perform sacrifices to Allah

16. How many times do Muslims go round the Ka‟ba during the Hajj?

A. 1 B. 3 C. 5 D. 7 E. 10

17. The Dentsi Asafo Company is associated with the festival of

A. Homowo B. Aboakyir C. Odwira D. Akwambo E. Damba

18. Which of the following festivals help to develop the strength and vitality of the youth?

A. Hogbetsotso
B. Odwira
C. Fetu
D. Damba
E. Aboakyir

19. One of the roles of the ancestor is to

A. ensure harmony in the family
B. give authority to the people
C. settle our debts
D. raise more ancestors from the family
E. avenge his death

20. Dipo is a traditional

A. festival
B. naming ceremony
C. puberty rite
D. death rite
E. worship

21. One can promote good relationship and peaceful living by being

A. violent and respectful
B. respectful and obedient
C. helpful to relatives
D. tactful and aggressive
E. kind and vocal

22. Which of the following does not promote progress in a society?

A. Conflicts
B. Reconciliation
C. Communal labour
D. Confession
E. Festivals

23. Kofi‟s father is an Ewe and the mother is Fante. Which of the following statements about Kofi is true?

A. He belongs to the father‟s clan only
B. He belongs to the mother‟s clan only
C. He belongs to both the father and mother‟s clan
D. He cannot become a chief in the mother‟s town
E. He cannot inherit his father or mother

24. The main cause of diseases in our communities is

A. filth in our surroundings
B. lack of refuse trucks
C. lack of drugs
D. malaria parasites
E. poor eating habits

25. Conflicts develop among us through

A. good neighbourliness
B. reconciliation
C. ambitions
D. laziness
E. misunderstandings

26. Which organisation in Ghana, deals with human rights issues

A. National Commission on Children
B. National Council for Women and Development
C. Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice
D. National Commission for Civic Education
E. United Nations Commission on Human Rights

27. To die intestate means

A. dying with a will made
B. dying with so much property and wealth
C. having no one inheriting you after death
D. being inherited by your own children
E. dying without making a will

28. Which of the following pairs of games can best make the child wise and strong?

A. Riddles and oware
B. Ampe and quizzes
C. Tug-of-war and wrestling
D. Oware and quizzes
E. Ampe and wrestling

29. When you apologize for committing an offence, you are said to be
A. comporting
B. courteous
C. obedient
D. knowledgeable
E. law abiding

30. Leisure time is described as a time for

A. scrubbing the toilet and kitchen
B. going to church to worship
C. attending the funeral of a relative
D. attending school and doing home work
E. playing indoor and outdoor games

31. Obedience to the laws of the state can make us

A. fearful and honest citizens
B. gentle and loving citizens
C. simple and God-fearing citizens
D. patriotic and good citizens
E. tolerant and forgiving citizens

32. A good eating habit involves

A. eating and drinking noisily at table
B. eating with a cutlery set
C. eating and talking at the same time
D. putting on aprons before eating
E. requesting the one close to you to pass on an item to you

33. We contribute to church dues and offerings to

A. enable the church develop spiritually
B. promote deliverance services.
C. help pastors preach well.
D. help evangelize and care for the poor
E. help the church members to be anointed

34. To live a chaste life, one must

A. avoid bad friends and casual sex
B. work hard and speak the truth
C. be obedient to parents and elders
D. become a born again Christian
E. avoid teenage pregnancy

35. The practice of the moral teachings of the various religions will lead to

A. increase in church attendance
B. war and violence
C. peace in society
D. building of more schools
E. the creation of more jobs

36. Which type of substance is coffee?

A. Stimulant
B. Hard drug
C. Common drug
D. Beverage
E. Vitamin

37. “The child breaks the shell of a snail and not that of the tortoise.” This proverb means one

A. must work hard
B. should avoid laziness
C. should not be over-ambitious
D. should fight courageously
E. should be kind to animals

38. Which of the following does not constitute a moral responsibility of the child?

A. Sweeping the classroom
B. Working on his plot
C. Worshipping God
D. Being punctual at school
E. Payment of school fees

39. What contribution can a child make when a community school is being put up?

A. Roofing the building
B. Fetching water and sand
C. Drawing up the building plan
D. Cheering the workers up with songs
E. Providing food for the workers

40. One of the benefits of working hard is

A. putting up good houses
B. having leisure
C. becoming financially self-reliant
D. becoming popular and respectful
E. becoming rich and authoritative

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. C. Noah
2. C. 30
3. A. is at peace with God and his neighbour
4. D. Abu Talib
5. E. Eid-ul-Adhar
6. E. has no written scriptures
7. A. instil discipline
8. C. is everywhere
9. D. that God rested from creation
10. A. Zakat
11. C. the Sunday that marks the 42nd day of the month
12. C. Solomon
13. B. Bethlehem
14. C. Abubakar
15. A. reveal Allah‟s orders and messages to His Prophets
16. D. 7
17. B. Aboakyir
18. E. Aboakyir
19. A. ensure harmony in the family
20. C. puberty rite
21. B. respectful and obedient
22. A. Conflicts
23. C. He belongs to both the father and mother‟s clan
24. A. filth in our surroundings
25. E. misunderstandings
26. C. Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice
27. E. dying without making a will
28. B. Ampe and quizzes
29. B. courteous
30. E. playing indoor and outdoor games
31. D. patriotic and good citizens
32. E. requesting the one close to you to pass on an item to you
33. D. help evangelize and care for the poor
34. A. avoid bad friends and casual sex
35. C. peace in society
36. A. Stimulant
37. C. should not be over-ambitious
38. E. Payment of school fees
39. B. Fetching water and sand
40. C. becoming financially self-reliant

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only from this section, choosing one question from each part

Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material

PART I
RELIGION
Answer one question only from this part
1.
(a) Narrate the story of creation in the Bible
(b) Mention three attributes of God that can be learnt from the story
2.
(a) Describe how ablution (wuzu) in Islam is performed
(b) What is its importance?
3.
(a) What is a taboo?
(b) Explain the significance of taboos in your community

PART II
MORAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part
4.
(a) State any four moral values in your society
(b) On what occasions would you show these values?
5.
(a) Mention any three types of punishment
(b) Give five reasons why children are punished in your school
6.
(a) Describe any four ways of acquiring AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
(b) State any three effects of AIDS on the community

PART III
SOCIAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part.
7.
(a) What are the responsibilities of a child in the home and school?
(b) Why is it necessary for you to perform your responsibilities?
8.
Explain the aims and functions of any one youth organization

April 2001
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION
SOLUTIONS
SECTION B
ESSAY

1.

(a) The story of creation in the Bible
In the beginning the world was shapeless, dark and empty, and then God began creation in the following order at His command
Day 1 – God created light and darkness
Day 2 – He created a separation (the atmosphere/ sky) between the waters above and the waters below
Day 3 – He created the water bodies (seas, lakes, etc) and the dry lands. God also created vegetation (plant life) of all sorts.
Day 4 – God created the heavenly bodies (the sun and other stars and the moon)
Day 5 – God created all kinds of sea, land and air creatures, and then He commanded them to reproduce and spread all over the earth.
Day 6 – God created land animals.
Finally, God created humans. Man first and woman second. The humans are the only creatures that He created in His own image and likeness. He blessed them and gave them dominion over all other living things that He had created.
Day 7 – Rest day. God, having completed the creation, rested on this day and blessed it.
(b) Attributes of God that can be learnt from the story
(i) God is omnipotent – able to do all things
(ii) God is sovereign – he does whatever He pleases
(iii) God is omniscient – he knows all things
(iv) God is orderly – he does everything in an organized manner

2.

(a) How ablution (wuzu) in Islam is performed
(i) Start by making niyyah (intention) to perform wudu and cleanse the self of impurities.
(ii) Say bismillah. (In the name of God; The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.)
(iii) Wash the right hand up to the wrist (and between the fingers) three times, then similarly for the left hand.
(iv) Rinse the mouth and spit out the water three times and rub the teeth with a miswak or the finger.
(v) Completely clean the nose with water three times.
(vi) Wash the face three times.
(vii) Wash the right arm up to the elbow three times; then the left arm three times. Pass fingers of one hand between the fingers of the other hand.
(viii) Wipe the entire head with wet hands.
(ix) Clean the inside and outside of the ears with wet right and left fingers, and again with wet right and left thumbs.
(x) Starting with the right foot, wash both feet from the toes up to and including the ankles thrice.
(xi) Recite the shahadah.
(xii) Offer two-rak’at prayer.

(b) Importance of ablution (wuzu)
(i) It prepares the mind for prayer (salat)
(ii) It ensures purity of the body – by the washing with water
(iii) It makes prayer (salat) valid
(iv) It helps the blood circulatory system to function properly – by the massage of the body in the process
(v) It helps with normal breathing – by the cleaning of the nostrils
(vi) It helps with correct functioning of the central nervous system – through the stimulation of the blood flow by massaging.
(vii) It helps to prevent skin infections – by the washing away of germs from the body
(viii) It helps to prevent early aging or the formation of wrinkles – by maintaining the electrostatic balance of the body through the application of water.

3.

(a) A taboo?
Anything or practice that is socially unacceptable or forbidden

(b) The significance of taboos in your community
(i) They help to ensure safety of the community
(ii) They help to inculcate acceptable social habits in the society
(iii) They help to uphold law and order
(iv) They support the preservation of the environment
(v) They help to maintain personal hygiene

4.

(a) Moral values in your society
(i) Truthfulness
(ii) Diligence
(iii) Loyalty
(iv) Obedience
(v) Forgiveness
(vi) Self-control
(vii) Patience
(viii) Generosity/ kindness

(b) Occasions on which one would show these values
(i) Truthfulness – When asked how much a school item costs, in order to be given money to buy it
(ii) Diligence – When given an activity to perform, whether at home, school, church or anywhere
(iii) Loyalty – When one has to decide whether or not to follow a particular cause or person
(iv) Obedience – When asked to do something by a leader (eg, mother/ father/ senior, etc)
(v) Forgiveness – When someone has been offended by another person
(vi) Self-control – When one faces a temptation to do wrong or commit a sin
(vii) Patience – When something that is expected/ desired to happen delays
(viii) Generosity/ kindness – When other people / another person is in need of something that one has

5.

(a) Types of punishment
(i) Suspension
(ii) Caution / query / warning letters
(iii) Fines
(iv) Dismissal
(v) Isolation / segregation
(vi) Scolding / rebuking
(vii) Jailing / imprisonment
(viii) Corporal punishment
(ix) Extra work (sweeping, mopping, scrubbing, etc)
(x) Capital punishment

(b) Reasons why children are punished in your school
(i) Showing disrespect to others
(ii) Being late to school
(iii) Deliberate truancy
(iv) Eating in the classroom
(v) Refusing to do homework or not doing it properly
(vi) Refusing to do school work/chores
(vii) Dressing indecently / inappropriately
(viii) Disobeying instructions from teachers or prefects.
(ix) Indiscriminate littering of the environment
(x) Making oneself and surroundings dirty
(xi) Fighting with a student or teacherAbusing drugs
(xii) Stealing
(xiii) Having pre-marital sex
(xiv) Watching pornography
(xv) Telling lies
(xvi) Insulting others
(xvii) Making unnecessary and excessive noise.

6.

(a) Ways of acquiring AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
(i) Engaging in casual / premarital / extra-marital sex – People who practice casual / pre-marital / extra-marital sex face the highest risk of acquiring the HIV/AIDS virus, since the infection is mostly spread through sexual contact.
(ii) Having casual sex without using a condom – People who engage in casual sex with an infected person without using a condom are in high danger of acquiring AIDS. This is because AIDS is spread mainly through sexual intercourse.
(iii) The sharing of unsterilized cutting or piercing objects, such as syringes, needles and blades can cause the spread of the HIV.
(iv) Transmission of the AIDS virus from a pregnant HIV-positive mother to her unborn child through the blood and other body fluids

(b) Effects of AIDS on the community
 Human Resource Depletion – Aids causes a reduction in the workforce in the community
 Social Discrimination – Aids patient are usually subjected to severe prejudice and discrimination, which tend to hamper their normal social activities
 Broken Homes – Due ignorance about the disease and its consequences, AIDS infection of a family member can lead to isolation and even separation
 Lower productivity – The incidence of AIDS lowers the productivity of the working class and therefore negatively affects the economy
 Fear and Panic – People within the community become more and more fearful of also getting infected through some means and dying
 Damaged Relationships – People who used to have a good relationship begin to draw back due to suspicion or shame or ridicule

7.

(a) Responsibilities of a child in the home
(i) Sweeping rooms and the compound
(ii) Tidying up rooms and the compound
(iii) Fetching water
(iv) Cooking
(v) Laying the table
(vi) Washing dishes, clothes, etc
(vii) Taking care of younger children
(viii) Running errands for parents and older siblings
(ix) Weeding the compound
(x) Clearing choked gutters
Responsibilities of a child in the school
(xi) Doing one‟s school chores
(xii) Supervising one‟s juniors to do their school chores
(xiii) Ensuring that one‟s surrounding is kept tidy
(xiv) Abiding by the school rules and regulations
(xv) Reporting offenders (those who break school rules) to the appropriate authorities
(xvi) Doing one‟s class and home exercises properly
(xvii) Paying attention and participating during lessons
(xviii) Sending given information/ notices to parents / guardians

(b) Why it is necessary to perform one’s responsibilities
(i) To maintain order and discipline
(ii) To show respect and honour for parents and school authorities
(iii) To promote the development of the community
(iv) To facilitate higher productivity
(v) To promote hygiene and sanitation
(vi) To ease the burden of work on parents and teachers
(vii) To maintain peace and harmony
(viii) To cultivate the spirit/ attitude of service and leadership
(ix) To help with human development

8.

Aims and functions of any one youth organization
(i) To promote peace, love and harmony among people
(ii) To educate the members on the foundation and historical background of their religion
(iii) To teach members the principles, values and doctrines of the religion
(iv) To help members to grow spiritually
(v) To support the needy and underprivileged in society
(vi) To help with secular education (both formal and informal) of people
(vii) To create the opportunity for members to discover and develop their talents and potentials
(viii) To give members the opportunity to socialize in a healthy environment
(ix) To help member to keep their physical bodies fit and strong
(x) To create the opportunity for members to learn vocational and other practical skills which could be of commercial value
(xi) To train members to become future leaders
(xii) To give members the chance to explore other places outside their localities.