Religious and Moral Education RME BECE 2000

April 2000
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
45 Minutes

1. Christians, Muslims and Traditional worshippers believe that the world was created by

A. man
B. an angel
C. the Holy Spirit
D. God
E. a prophet

2. Which religion believes that God moved away from the earth because of the activities of humankind?

A. Christianity
B. Islam
C. Traditional
D. Hinduism
E. Buddhism

3. Which of the following attributes of God shows that He has the whole world in His hands

A. Omnipotence
B. Omnipresence
C. Faithfulness
D. Kindness
E . Love

4. The third Islamic daily prayer is

A. Asr B. Zuhr C. Fajr D. Maghrib E. Ishai

5. Satan (Iblis) was cursed by Allah after the creation of man because he

A. was made from fire
B. was the leader of the angels
C. refused to bow down before Adam
D. influenced Adam and Hawa to fall
E. was superior to all created things

6. To become a Christian, one must first

A. say the Lord‟s Prayer
B. recite the Apostle‟s creed
C. be confirmed
D. be baptized
E. marry the Christian way

7. The revelation of the entire Qu‟ran took

A. 23 years
B. 24 years
C. 25 years
D. 26 years
E. 27 years

8. One of the religious values in celebrating traditional festivals is to

A. acknowledge the presence of the gods
B. bring the citizens together
C. raise funds to develop the community
D. contract marriages
E. settle family disputes

9. The pillar of faith in Islam which expresses charity is

A. salat B. sawm C. zakat D. kalimat E. hajj

10. Muslims pray five times daily in order to

A. be known in their community
B. avoid evil and bad actions
C. dominate world affairs
D. be role models in society
E. be nice to other members in the society

11. The importance of naming ceremony is to

A. announce that a woman has delivered
B. make known to the society the additional mouth to be fed
C. ask for future suitors for the child
D. give the child an identity
E. solicit help for the mother

12. Which of the following is not a patriarch?

A. Abraham B. Isaac C. Jacob D. Noah E. Joseph

13. The festival celebrated by Christians in memory of the resurrection of Jesus is called

A. Christmas B. Easter C. Pentecost D. Passover E. Ash Wednesday

14. Which of these commandments carried with it a promise

A. Refraining from murder
B. Not committing adultery
C. Loving one‟s neighbour
D. Not bearing false witness
E. Honouring one‟s parents

15. A religious leader in Islam is called

A. Khalifah B. Imam C. Alhaji D. Mallam E. Sheikh

16. Which of the following rites is performed to usher the individual into adulthood?

A. Baptism B. Puberty C. Naming D. Marriage E. Installation

17. The blind man Jesus healed was called

A. Bartholomew
B. Barabbas
C. Bartimaeus
D. Nicodemus
E. Lazarus

18. The system by which a drink is poured to the gods and the Supreme Being is known as

A. sacrifice B. thanksgiving C. worship D. libation E. protection

19. Uthman B. Affan standardized the Qur‟an in order to

A. bring it into one volume
B. avoid the omission of some verses
C. give the Qur‟an the same reading
D. stop the fighting among Muslims
E. encourage Muslims to love one another

20. The first book in the Bible is called

A. Genesis B. Deuteronomy C. Exodus D. Revelation E. Jude

21. The payment of school fees and other bills is mainly the responsibility of the

A. grandfather B. mother C. uncle D. aunt E. father

22. One of the advantages of the extended family system is that

A. the uncle inherits the father‟s property
B. the children are cared for by members of the family
C. the old people are sent to old people‟s homes
D. girls become maidservants of their aunties
E. boys are sent out to work on family lands

23. The importance of washing the hands before eating is to

A. show others that one is learned
B. show that one is clean and neat
C. avoid getting germs into the food
D. teach others about food hygiene
E. whet one‟s appetite before eating

24. You should not talk when eating because you

A. may get choked by the food
B. will expose the food in your mouth
C. will make unusual noise
D. may lose your mother
E. will become dumb later

25. When greeting a chief, a man is expected to

A. remove his sandals and lower his cloth
B. put his hands on his head
C. raise both hands as he walks towards the chief
D. raise his hands and bow down
E. stretch both arms towards the chief

26. Which of the following shows that one is improperly dressed

A. Tucking in the shirt
B. Wearing the belt at the proper place
C. The underwear being longer than the dress
D. Combing the hair neatly
E. Polishing the shoes everyday

27. Human rights include all the following except

A. the right to live
B. freedom of association
C. freedom of worship
D. administering instant justice
E. the right to vote

28. Rules and regulations in schools are there to ensure

A. that children attend school regularly
B. good behaviour from children
C. proper maintenance of school property
D. that children do their assignments regularly
E. that children should be punished

29. One of the important aims of a youth organization is to

A. bring unity among the youth
B. learn dancing and merry-making
C. oppose the views of the elderly
D. let the youth be on their own and look for jobs
E. run away from parental control

30. One way of helping to protect the environment from degradation is to

A. rear more animals
B. encourage small-scale mining
C. cover the earth‟s surface with sand
D. plant more trees
E. grow more food crops

31. A child is said to be courteous when he

A. converses with adults
B. gives gifts to friends
C. is admired by his age group
D. dresses well to school
E. gives a helping hand to the elderly

32. Which of the following behaviours can best be described as comportment

A. Respect for oneself
B. Control of one‟s temper
C. Apologising for mistakes done
D. Respect for one‟s father
E. Love for one‟s enemy

33. The best way to live in peace in a community is to

A. understand and co-operate with others
B. disagree with your enemies
C. to be afraid of those in authority
D. enter into conflict with your neighbours
E. sit on the fence always

34. Conflicts in our society can best be resolved by

A. being obedient to truants
B. obeying the scriptures
C. being authoritative and proud
D. tolerating and forgiving others
E. being forgiving and aggressive.

35. Love for our community should be part of our training so that we can

A. work harder for its good
B. become democratic
C. develop good skills in it
D. build good and happy homes
E. build better schools

36. To be patriotic means

A. going to school regularly
B. practising personal hygiene
C. defending the nation at all times
D. engaging in sporting activities
E. participating in cultural activities

37. It is our moral responsibility to prevent the spread of cholera by

A. eating a balanced diet
B. attending hospital regularly
C. taking good care of our wounds
D. immunizing against the six killer diseases
E. keeping the surroundings clean

38. We show good manners when we

A. give instant justice to a thief
B. talk to people with both hands
C. smile to people
D. wink our eyes at people
E. eat very fast at table when late

39. People are committed to each other in friendship when they

A. perform the same type of duty
B. are loyal to each other
C. fail to protect each other‟s interest
D. attend the same school together
E. attend social gatherings together

40. Giving out money or gifts to somebody to seek a favour shows that one is

A. unpatriotic
B. corrupt
C. deceitful
D. unfaithful
E. insincere

SOLUTIONS
SECTION A
OBJECTIVE TEST
1. D. God
2. C. Traditional
3. A. Omnipotence
4. A. Asr
5. D. influenced Adam and Hawa to fall
6. D. be baptized
7. A. 23 years
8. A. acknowledge the presence of the gods
9. C. zakat
10. B. avoid evil and bad actions
11. D. give the child an identity
12. E. Joseph
13. B. Easter
14. E. Honouring one‟s parents
15. B. Imam
16. B. Puberty
17. C. Bartimaeus
18. D. libation
19. A. bring it into one volume
20. A. Genesis
21. E. father
22. B. the children are cared for by members of the family
23. C. avoid getting germs into the food
24. A. may get choked by the food
25. A. remove his sandals and lower his cloth
26. C. The underwear being longer than the dress
27. D. administering instant justice
28. B. good behaviour from children
29. A. bring unity among the youth
30. D. plant more trees
31. E. gives a helping hand to the elderly
32. A. Respect for oneself
33. A. understand and co-operate with others
34. D. tolerating and forgiving others
35. A. work harder for its good
36. C. defending the nation at all times
37. E. keeping the surroundings clean
38. C. smile to people
39. B. are loyal to each other
40. B. corrupt

SECTION B
ESSAY
1 hour
Answer three questions only from this section, choosing one question from each part

Credit will be given for clarity of expression and orderly presentation of material

PART I
RELIGION
Answer one question only from this part
1.
“Honour your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land …”
Explain five ways of fulfilling this commandment
2.
(a) Describe how salat is performed
(b) State any three values in salat
3.
(a) What is puberty?
(b) What is the importance of this rite to the people in your community

PART II
MORAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part
4.
Describe any five ways of showing courtesy in your community
5.
Explain the moral importance of traditional songs
6.
(a) What is the importance of work ?
(b) Explain any four positive attitudes that one should develop towards work

PART III
SOCIAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this part.
7.
(a) List any five common diseases that can cause death in your community
(b) What steps can be taken to prevent such diseases
8.
(a) Describe the extended family system.
(b) Mention any three advantages and three disadvantages of the extended family system

April 2000
RELIGIOUS AND MORAL EDUCATION
SOLUTIONS
SECTION B
ESSAY

1.

Ways of fulfilling the commandment to honour one’s parents
Introduction: To honour someone means to do something that shows great respect for that person.
WAYS
(i) Obeying one‟s parents
(ii) Greeting one‟s parents in the proper way
(iii) Talking to one‟s parents politely
(iv) Apologising and asking for forgiveness from parents when one offends them
(v) Thanking one‟s parents for the things done for one by parents
(vi) Offering one‟s seat to one‟s parents, if there is shortage of seats
(vii) Behaving well so that others will speak well of one and one‟s parents
(viii) Studying hard and performing well at school to bring honour to one‟s parents
(ix) Celebrating parents, especially on special occasions such as birthdays, mothers‟/fathers‟ day, etc
(x) Helping one‟s parents with their load without their asking
(xi) Offering to do one‟s parents‟ work for them, if capable
(xii) Speaking well of one‟s parents to others
(xiii) Praising one‟s parents for how they are and the good things they do.

2.

(a) How salat is performed
Introduction:
The ablution (wuzu) must be performed before every salat
The prayer session comprises a number of movements / positions.
Each movement is always preceded by the phrase „Allahu Akbar‟ (God is Great).
This indicates to followers of the prayer that the leader is about to make the next movement.
Takbir (Starting position)
Muslims face towards the Qibla in Mecca and make the intention to pray. To begin the act of prayer, they say ‘Allahu Akbar’ meaning God is great, raising the hands to the ears or shoulder.
Qiyaam (Standing position) Muslims place their right hand over their left on their chest or navel while in the standing position A short supplication glorifying God and seeking His protection is read.
Qiraat (Recitation from Quran)
Muslims recite Surah Al Fatiha, which is the first chapter in the Qur’an. Verses from any another chapter are then recited.
Ruku (Bowing position) The Muslim bows down, putting the hands on the knees and says ‘glory be to God, the Most Great’, three times.
Qiyaam (Standing position) While moving into the upright position, Muslims recite ‘God listens to the one who praises Him’ and while in the standing position, ‘To God belongs all praise’ then is recited. ‘God is Great’ is recited again. Hands are loosely at the sides this time. Sujud (Prostrating position) Sujud means to prostrate. While in the prostration position ‘Glory be to God, the Most High’ is repeated three times. Palms, knees, toes, forehead and nose must be the only body parts touching the ground. Qa’da-i-Akhira (Sitting position) ‘God is Great’ is recited while moving to the sitting position. Muslims pause here for a few seconds, either staying silent, or reciting a shorter prayer. ‘God is Great’ is recited once more as the sujud position is taken again.
Sujud (Prostrating position) This sujud is the same as the first one. After reciting ‘Glory be to God, the Most High’, one ‘raka’ah’, or unit is complete.
Tashahhud After saying God is Great, Muslims return to the sitting position. They recite a set number of short prayers in Arabic, praising God, and sending peace on the Prophet. They repeat the declaration of faith, raising the forefinger of their right hand, in order to act as a witness. They then ask God to bestow blessings and peace upon Prophet Abraham and his family, and ask for the same for Prophet Muhammad. Finally, Muslims ask for forgiveness and mercy, and ask God to bless them and their children until the Day of Judgement.
Peace to the right To end the prayer, Muslims first turn their face to the right saying ‘Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.’ (This is said to the Angels who Muslims believe accompany each human being to record their actions)
Peace to the left ‘Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah’ is repeated turning to the left side now. (Muslims believe the Angel on the right side records all good actions and thoughts, while the one on the left records all bad actions.)

(b) Values in salat
(i) Truthfulness
(ii) Purity
(iii) Mercy / forgiveness
(iv) Obedience
(v) Kindness / generosity
(vi) Submission
(vii) Perseverance
(viii) Commitment / dedication

3.

(a) Puberty?
Puberty is the period of a person‟s life during which their sexual organs develop and they become capable of having children.
This usually occurs between the ages of 9 and 17 years.
In many traditional communities, certain rites are performed, especially for girls, known as puberty rites, to usher them into adulthood.

(b) The importance of this rite to the people in your community
(i) It helps to maintain chastity among the youth in the community
(ii) It helps the girls to find suitors for marriage
(iii) It helps the girls to gain knowledge of their womanhood and how to take care of themselves
(iv) It brings honour to the girls and their parents
(v) It helps the girls to get capital to start/learn a business/trade/ practice, thereby reducing poverty/ unemployment
(vi) It prepares the girls mentally, physically and spiritually for marriage.
4. Ways of showing courtesy in your community
(i) Offering and responding to greetings in a proper way.
(ii) Dressing neatly and decently
(iii) Assisting / helping people who need help.
(iv) Obeying instructions from elderly people
(v) Surrendering one‟s seat in a bus or at a gathering for an elderly person
(vi) Speaking to others in a polite way
(vii) Thanking people for good things they do
(viii) Apologising and asking for forgiveness when one goes wrong
(ix) Being peace-loving and a peacemaker

5.

Moral importance of traditional songs
(i) Love – We must love God and love our neighbour
(ii) Peace – we must live at peace with one another
(iii) Compassion – we must be compassionate towards others, especially those in unfortunate circumstances
(iv) Obedience – we must obey God and those who have authority over us
(v) Trust – we must trust God with all our heart and be trustworthy ourselves
(vi) Faithfulness – we must be faithful with whatever we are responsible for
(vii) Submission – we must submit ourselves to God and to our elders
(viii) Mercy / Forgiveness – we must show mercy to those who offend us and forgive them
(ix) Graciousness – we must be gracious to others, just as God has been to us
(x) Honesty – we must be honest in all our dealings and relationships
(xi) Perseverance – we must not give up our good works even in difficult times
(xii) Diligent work – we must work diligently
(xiii) Generosity – we must give cheerfully and abundantly

6.

(a) The importance of work
(i) It brings honour and respect to oneself
(ii) It build up our self esteem/ confidence
(iii) It keeps us (spirit, soul and body) healthy and active
(iv) It increases and sharpens our knowledge and skills
(v) It makes as successful
(vi) It can bring us riches / wealth
(vii) It promotes the development of the society and community
(viii) It creates a sense of fulfillment, satisfaction and joy in us.
(ix) It makes us spiritually blessed, as we obey God‟s word to work hard
(x) It can open up several good opportunities for us

(b) Positive attitudes that one should develop towards work
(i) Being punctual – coming to / starting work on time
(ii) Being regular – coming to / doing work as often as is required
(iii) Being disciplined – doing what has to be done regardless of how one feels
(iv) Being committed – having a strong loyalty / devotion for the work (as though it were yours / your life depended on it)
(v) Being diligent – working tirelessly and consistently
(vi) Persevering – continuing / persisting, even in the face of difficulties
(vii) Staying focused – always having in mind the ultimate objective / goal / aim.
(viii) Being patient – Enduring / staying calm in case of unexpected delays

7.

(a) Common diseases that can cause death in your community
(i) Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
(ii) Cholera
(iii) Malaria
(iv) Hypertension
(v) Typhoid
(vi) Tuberculosis
(vii) Poliomyelitis

(b) Steps that can be taken to prevent such diseases
DISEASE
PREVENTION
AIDS
 Avoid pre-marital / casual / extra-marital sex
 Avoid using used syringes / needles / blades
Cholera
 Eating hot meals,
 drinking clean potable water,
 washing hands with soap after visiting the toilet
Malaria
 Using treated mosquito net
 Using mosquito repellent
 Using anti-malaria drugs
 Clearing mosquito breeding grounds such as choked gutters, stagnant pools of water, etc
High blood pressure
 Reducing salt intake
 Avoiding drinking alcoholic beverages
 Avoiding smoking
 Exercising regularly
 Having enough sleep
 Reducing emotional stress
 Reducing fat intake
 Increasing fruits and vegetable intake
Leukemia
 Avoiding exposure to certain radiations
 Avoiding exposure to certain chemicals
 Avoiding smoking
Tuberculosis
 Vaccination
 Ensuring adequate ventilation
 Avoid sharing cutlery, cups and glasses with infected persons

8.

(a) The extended family system.
– It comprises of various nuclear families
– Many generations (great grandparents, grandparents, parents, children, grandchildren, greatgrandchildren) of the family live together as one
– Several relations (uncles, aunties, nephews, nieces, cousins, etc) live together as one unit
– Each member has a responsibility towards other members of the family
– The system is led by the family head (Abusuapanyin)

(b) Advantages of the extended family system
(i) Other family members take up the responsibility of caring for the children in the absence of biological parents
(ii) Members gain broad knowledge, experience and wisdom from elders in the extended family.
(iii) Children are able to learn their native language properly.
(iv) Children do not go wayward (get spoilt), even if parents are absent for long periods.
(v) Greater security of members due to larger size
(vi) Members are able to properly learn / apply the culture / customs of their native background
(vii) Where parents are irresponsible, the children have other family members to depend on for guidance, assistance and security.
(viii) Members benefit from strong relationships among family members
(ix) More opportunities for progress in life, due to help from other members in the extended family

Disadvantages of the extended family
(i) Reduced privacy as members keep meddling in the affairs of others.
(ii) Slow decision-taking process due to large size.
(iii) More money needed to cater for the needs of the family
(iv) Higher frequency of quarrels and disagreements among members
(v) Weaker bond of unity / oneness within family
(vi) Inadequate supervision of children by parents
(vii) Greater envy /jealousy among extended family members
(viii) High incidence of sexual / physical abuse.
(ix) Slower conflict resolution
(x) Greater pressure on family resources