Religious and Moral Education RME BECE 2015

June 2015
Religious and Moral Education 1
Objective Test
45 minutes

1. Which of the following people was commanded by God to build an ark?
A. Joseph
B. Jacob
C. Noah
D. David

2. Who gave the tomb in which Jesus was buried?
A. Simon of Cyrene
B. Joseph of Arimathea
C. Nicodemus
D. Zebedee

3. What is the second pillar of Islam?
A. Salat
B. Sawm
C. Zakat
D. Hajj

4. On what occasion does Muslims perform the Janazah prayer?
A. Before a Muslim travels
B. After observing a fast
C. During Friday worship
D. When a Muslim dies

5. The main reason for the celebration of Odwira festival is for community
A. development
B. preservation
C. purification
D. re-organization

6. Which of the following animals provides security to man?
A. Goat
B. Donkey
C. Dog
D. Cow

7. Puberty rites should be encouraged because it
A. links the youth into adulthood
B. helps the youth to become rich
C. promotes chastity among the youth
D. makes the youth look more attractive

8. Which of the ten commandments instructs Christians to be content with what they have?
A. First
B. Fourth
C. Eighth
D. Tenth

9. Which of the following parables of Jesus teaches forgiveness? The
A. unjust steward
B. rich fool
C. good Samaritan
D. prodigal son

10. Christians who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness are blessed because
A. God will be merciful to them
B. God’s kingdom belongs to them
C. they shall be comforted
D. they shall see God

11. Going round the Kaba is an Islamic religious activity done during
A. Eid-ul-Adha
B. Eid-ul-Fitr
C. Hajj
D. Ramadan

12. Which Islamic prayer is observed at sunset?
A. Janazah
B. Tarawih
C. Isha
D. Maghrib

13. Traditionalists pray by means of
A. music and dance
B. spirit possession
C. pouring libation
D. divination

14. In African Traditional Religion, the living dead are referred to as
A. bad spirits
B. witch doctors
C. ancestors
D. mediums

15. One of the reasons for which God created the sea is to
A. generate hydro-electric power
B. reduce soil erosion
C. beautify the environment
D. provide habitat for some animals

16. The most important rite in Christian sacramental worship is the
A. taking of the holy communion
B. reading of the old testament
C. reading of the new testament
D. collection of offertory and tithe

17. God is called Nyame among the Akans because He is the
A. Creator
B. Dependable
C. Ever-living
D. Supreme Being

18. Egya Ahor is fondly remembered by the Fante for
A. his miraculous powers
B. commanding the golden stool
C. his resurrection from death
D. saving his people

19. Eid-ul-Adha is celebrated by Muslims to
A. mark Abraham’s sacrifice to Allah
B. remember the death of Muhammed
C. mark the end of Ramadan
D. remember the birth of Muhammed

20. Which of the following is considered when choosing a name for a new born child?
A. The weight of the child
B. Tribe of the parents
C. Age of the mother
D. The baby’s place of birth

21. People cherish the spirit of obedience because it
A. enhances tolerance
B. promotes peace
C. creates wealth
D. promotes security

22. Muslims show their commitment to Allah by
A. dressing modestly
B. visiting the mosque everyday
C. marrying four women
D. observing all prescribed rituals

23. Which of the following is an act of good deed?
A. Giving one’s seat to the elderly
B. Receiving a testimonial
C. Participating in sporting activities
D. Ability to perform one’s assignment

24. Individuals can co-exist peacefully in a community if they
A. practice each other’s religion
B. pray together
C. respect each other
D. share food together

25. A student must dress decently because it
A. is a mark of intelligence
B. shows respect and politeness
C. enables one to gain favour from others
D. helps one to obey school rules

26. Someone who is respectful and polite is said to be
A. courteous
B. kind
C. chaste
D. moral

27. Punishments are meant to
A. disorganize the offender
B. calm the offender
C. hurt the offender
D. reform the offender

28. Which of the following is a moral value cherished in Ghanaian society?
A. Service
B. Honesty
C. Tolerance
D. Pride

29. To live a chaste life, one must
A. attend church service regularly
B. be obedient to teachers
C. work hard to become rich
D. avoid casual sex

30. Which of the following is not a method of preventing teenage pregnancy?
A. Sex education
B. Good parental care
C. Peer pressure
D. Avoiding pre-marital sex

31. Good behaviour is exhibited by
A. staring at elders
B. doing what is right
C. always studying the scriptures
D. praying and fasting

32. Money is used wisely when
A. things are bought on credit
B. it is spent on expensive things
C. it is spent on things budgeted for
D. it is spent on poor people

33. Showing respect and obedience to school authority ensures
A. repentance and forgiveness
B. peaceful co-existence
C. success in examination
D. humility and hard work

34. A nuclear family begins when
A. parents live with siblings
B. parents ignore their relations
C. couples get legally married
D. couples have many siblings

35. Saving money helps the individual to
A. plan for the future
B. become rich overnight
C. attend school regularly
D. make more friends

36. The ant is usually used as a symbol of
A. love
B. commitment
C. hard work
D. unity

37. Which of the following functions is performed by Asafo companies?
A. Acting as watchdogs
B. Registration of foreigners
C. Collection of taxes
D. Acting as arbitrators

38. Which of the following activities best offers relaxation?
A. Painting
B. Eating
C. Running
D. Reading

39. Religious Youth Organization are established to
A. honour their leaders
B. carry out communal labour
C. help protect the natural environment
D. defend the interest of the society

40. Work done to earn income can be described as
A. home work
B. community work
C. occupational work
D. school work

RME BECE 2015
Essay
1 hour
This paper consists of three sections: A, B and C.
Answer three questions only, choosing one question from each section.

SECTION A RELIGION
Answer one question only from this section

QUESTION 1.

(a)  Write on how Joseph came to live in Egypt.  [12 marks]

Introduction
A patriarch was leader of a family in the Old Testament. He was chosen by God to relate on his family’s behalf to God.

  1. Joseph’s father was Jacob
  2. He was the eleventh son of his father and the first child of his mother, Rachel.
  3. His father loved him so much that he sewed for him a coat of many colours.
  4. Joseph had two dreams which both meant that he will be a leader over his brothers
  5. His father sent him to give food to his brothers on the desert.
  6. His brothers devised a plan to kill him when he got there.
  7. They tied him and put him in a well.
  8. They finally sold him to a group of desert merchants who were headed for Egypt.
  9. They killed a goat and poured its blood on his coat and took it home
  10. They deceived their father that a wild animal had eaten him up on his way.
  11. His father mourned him for several days and months
  12. The merchants sold him to Potiphar, a soldier in Egypt.
  13. In Egypt he stayed in Potiphar’s house, then to prison and finally in Pharaoh’s palace.

(b)        Mention four moral lessons learnt from the story.     [8 marks]

  1. Joseph’s obedience and faithfulness (to be emulated / followed)
  2. Joseph’s hardworking attitude (to be emulated / followed)
  3. Joseph’s honesty (to be emulated / followed)
  4. Joseph’s spirit of forgiveness (to be emulated / followed)
  5. His father Jacob’s favouritism (to be avoided)
  6. The brothers’ envy and hatred (to be avoided)
  7. The brothers’ deceptive attitude (to be avoided)
  8. The brothers’ greed (to be avoided)

QUESTION 2.

(a)        Outline five contributions of Caliph Abu Bakr to Islam.       [15 marks]

Introduction

Define who caliphs are, using Abu Bakr as example

  1. He presented Islam to others in such a way that many of his friends accepted Islam
  2. Out of compassion for slaves, he deliberately purchased slaves and freed them.
  3. He gave the first public address inviting people to convert to Islam
  4. Together with the prophet Muhammed, he led the flight to Medina
  5. He bought a land for the construction of a mosque in Medina
  6. He helped to construct a mosque in Medina
  7. He was involved in several battles between Muslims and their enemies
  8. He led the delegation in the first Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca
  9. He gave his daughter, Aisha, in marriage to Prophet Muhammed
  10. He led Muslims to conquer several territories, which led to the spread of Islam
  11. He brought unity among Muslims by resolving many conflicts
  12. He organized the compilation of the holy Quran into one book.

(b)        State two lessons that can be learnt from the life of Caliph Abu Bakr [5 marks]

  1. Compassion – we must be compassionate
  2. Kindness – we must be kind and willing to give to others
  3. Commitment – we must show commitment in everything we do
  4. Perseverance – we must persevere in doing good things and never give up

QUESTION 3.

(a)        Narrate the traditional myth which explains the separation between man and God. [12 marks]

  1. In the beginning, God lived very close to man – as close as the ceiling of a small room.
  2. There lived an old woman who usually pounded fufu.
  3. Anytime she pounded fufu, she hit God with her pestle.
  4. God kept on asking her to stop but she did not.
  5. So God began moving upwards bit by bit until he was far in the sky from the reach of the wicked old lady.

(b)        Give four examples of the character of humankind from the story in (a) above [8 marks]

  1. Wickedness – The old woman who represents mankind showed wickedness because she kept on hitting God
  2. Selfishness – She (mankind) thought only about herself – enjoying her fufu, without considering the harm she was causing to someone else
  3. Unfriendly – She (mankind) did not care about God’s feelings, but rather kept on pushing Him away
  4. Disobedience – She (mankind) did not obey when God asked her to stop disturbing Him
  5. Unrepentance- Mankind (the oldlady) did not show regret for  her wickedness

SECTION B MORAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this section

QUESTION 4.          

(a)        Describe four processes involved in showing repentance.     [10 marks]

Introduction

Define the word repentance

  1. Realize / admit fault or sin committed
  2. Show deep regret for action
  3. Request for pardon from the offended person or God
  4. Make a strong resolution not to repeat the act

(b)        Outline four reasons for showing regret for one’s wrong deeds         [10 marks]

Introduction

Define the word regret and give examples

  1. To mend broken hearts of the offended person and broken relationship with God.
  2. To ensure unity and peace
  3. To bring about forgiveness
  4. To avoid hatred and resentment
  5. To save a person from eternal destruction
  6. To regain trust

QUESTION 5.          

(a)        List five factors to be considered before greeting someone.  [15 marks]

Introduction

Define greeting and give some forms of greetings

  1. Time of the day / week / month / year
  2. Age of the person
  3. Sex/gender of the person
  4. Status of the person
  5. Relationship with the person
  6. Occasion/situation
  7. The place / location
  8. Tribe / culture of the person

(b)        Give five reasons why it is important to greet someone.        [5 marks]

  1. To open up conversation
  2. To show that one is well trained/ mannered.
  3. To attract blessings
  4. To maintain peace and cordiality
  5. To ensure unity
  6. To gain favour
  7. To show respect to others
  8. To shows one’s recognition and adherence to customs / cultures
  9. It enables one to feel welcome and at ease
  10. It helps to resolve conflicts

QUESTION 6.

(a)        State three dangers associated with self-medication.            [12 marks]

Introduction

Define the term self-medication and give examples

(i) Health Problems / Infections and diseases – such as headaches, nausea, fever, cancer, high blood pressure, etc.
(ii) Loss of respect and dignity – for both the abuser and his/ her family
(iii) Addiction – Most drugs are addictive, so abusers may find it very difficult to stop using them, even when they want to
(iv) Strained relationships – abusers find it difficult to relate with others properly, since the substances usually affect their minds and the way they see things
(v) Mental problems – the substances usually affect their minds or the way they see things. In severe cases, the abusers become insane (mad)
(vi) Low self-esteem – substance abusers tend to look down upon themselves
(vii)  Low reputation – the society generally tend to have a low regard for substance abusers
(viii) Low productivity – Substance abusers are usually not able to work as much as they could, due to the effect of the substance on their health and thinking faculties
(ix) Unemployment – substance abusers can lose their jobs either by neglect or by dismissal
(x) Risk of arrest, prosecution and imprisonment – abusers of illicit substances stand the risk of being arrested, prosecuted and jailed
(xi) Educational challenges – due to poor academic performance or suspension or dismissal from school
(xii)  Depression – due to the intense mental stress and problems related to substance abuse.
(xiii) Poverty / Financial difficulties – due to the use of almost all of one’s money to buy the substance and deal

(b)        Suggest four ways of checking trade in drugs
(i)         Strict laws against drug trade should be made
(ii)        Law enforcers, such as police, immigration officers, etc, should be apt in their duties
(iii)       More effective public education against drug trade
(iv)       More severe punishments must be meted out to offenders.
(v)        International co-operation against drug trade must be intensified.
(vi)       Confidentiality and reward for informants must be ensured.
(vii)    More employment avenues must be created to reduce unemployment

SECTION C SOCIAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this section

QUESTION 7.

(a) What is recreation? [8 marks]

Recreation is the act of refreshing oneself after an activity or work. It includes the activities one does to have fun and entertainment. It is also a period of revitalizing oneself.
Examples of recreational activities are playing cards, oware, tennis, swimming, reading, etc

(b) Give four advantages of recreation. [12 marks]
(i) It relaxes our body and mind
(ii) It makes us regain our energy for work.
(iii) It promotes friendship among family and friends
(iv) It gives the opportunity to develop talents
(v) It helps us entertain ourselves
(vi) It makes us enjoy nature (our natural environment)
(vii)  It serves as a time for reflecting on our lives.

QUESTION 8.

(a) What are human rights? [4 marks]

Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms to which all human beings are entitled
OR
Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms of an individual

(b) Explain any four of the human rights [16 marks]
(i) The right to life
(ii) The right to personal liberty
(iii) The right to education
(iv) The right to owning private property
(v) The right to equality
(vi) The right to dignity
(vii)  Freedom of expression
(viii) Freedom of association
(ix) Freedom of worship / religion