Religious and Moral Education RME BECE 2014

June 2014
Religious and Moral Education 1
Objective Test
45 minutes

1. God created the two great lights in the heavens in order to

A. show His mercy
B. separate night from day
C. give life to the earth
D. provide heat to the earth

2. The Eucharist, in Christian worship, refers to

A. prayer of thanksgiving
B. preaching of sermon
C. the Holy communion
D. payment of tithe

3. The most important Christian festival is the

A. Ascension
B. Easter
C. Lent
D. Pentecost

4. Sadiq in Islam means

A. courageous
B. righteous
C. truthful
D. patience

5. The Gye Nyame symbol of the Akans signifies that God is

A. all-powerful
B. all-serving
C. all-loving
D. all-merciful

6. The twelfth son of Jacob was

A. Benjamin
B. Daniel
C. Joseph
D. Simon

7. Moses led the Israelites through the wilderness for

A. forty years
B. forty months
C. fifty years
D. fifty months.

8. God created water bodies to provide humankind with

A. air
B. plants
C. salt
D. shelter

9. The prayer which is said in the early afternoon by Muslims is

A. fajr
B. Ishar
C. Magrib
D. Zuhr

10. The period of courtship in marriage is meant for

A. the couples to know each other
B. the payment of the knocking fee
C. convincing parents of both parties
D. the presentation of gifts to friends.

11. By creating Adam and Eve, God was establishing the institution of

A. brotherliness
B. friendship
C. marriage
D. Sabbath

12. Traditional worshippers remember their ancestors by

A. fasting and praying to them
B. offering them food and drinks
C. singing of songs and praises
D. calling their names always

13. Prayer enables the Muslim to

A. punish his / her enemies
B. become clean
C. go to heaven
D. receive gifts

14. Dirges as a traditional song is sung to

A. praise and hail chiefs
B. hoot at people with evil spirits
C. recreate and entertain people.
D. sympathize with bereaved families.

15. Creation according to the Bible was by means of

A. command
B. instruction
C. prayers
D. prophecy.

16. It is the responsibility of a Muslim to make a pilgrimage to Makkah at least

A. three times in a life time
B. twice in a life time
C. once in a life time
D. five times in a life time.

17. Exchange of rings in a Christian marriage signifies

A. faithfulness to God
B. blessing from God
C. faithfulness to one another.
D. love for the bride’s family.

18. In Islamic practice, Wudu is the

A. intention to say salat
B. preparation made after salat.
C. ritual washing before salat
D. ritual washing after salat.

19. Traditional funeral rites are meant to

A. raise money from donations
B. assist the dead to go to heaven
C. avoid future occurrence of such deaths
D. pay the last respect to the dead.

20. Which of the following is not an effect of bad environment practice?

A. Afforestation
B. Deforestation
C. Soil erosion
D. Global warming

21. A punishment that could be given for fighting in the classroom is

A. flogging
B. fine
C. imprisonment
D. remand

22. The main teaching of the Ten Commandments is

A. courtesy
B. love
C. kindness
D. patience

23. A person who is tolerant

A. respects the opinions of others
B. looks down upon other people
C. likes telling others what to do
D. thinks he/ she is better than others.

24. Which of the following is not an act of sexual immorality?

A. Prostitution
B. Rape
C. Premarital sex
D. Sexual abstinence

25. The wise saying “it is difficult to catch up with someone who has gone ahead of you” tells us that

A. we need to be smart
B. time lost cannot be regained
C. all is well with people ahead
D. we must run in order to catch up

26. Repentance is relevant because it

A. separates us from enemies
B. brings us back to God
C. gives us energy to work
D. drives the devil away

27. Courtesy is a polite and acceptable way of

A. commitment
B. behaviour
C. obedience
D. tolerance

28. Which of the following does not constitute good manners?

A. Chuckling at prefects
B. Stitching torn dresses
C. Complying with dress codes
D. Running of errands

29. By respecting other people’s religion, we are

A. showing commitment to God
B. showing commitment to those religions.
C. practising religious obedience
D. showing religious tolerance.

30. Authority is instituted in the society to ensure

A. hard work
B. loyalty
C. peace
D. respect

31. A positive attitude towards work is

A. commitment
B. graciousness
C. intelligence
D. purity

32. School rules help pupils to

A. avoid being punished
B. worship God regularly
C. compete with one another
D. disobey school authorities.

33. Carrying out assigned duties is necessary because it

A. pleases God and humankind
B. attracts hatred from enemies
C. leads to pacification of the gods
D. leads to fulfillment of promises

34. Which of the following does not promote progress in the society?

A. Communal labour
B. Conflicts
C. Festival
D. Reconciliation

35. The most important requirement for a happy and prosperous life is

A. courage
B. hard work
C. loyalty
D. respect

36. In planning personal budget, it is necessary to ensure that

A. expenditure is more than income
B. income is more than expenditure
C. expenditure equals income
D. income is less than expenditure

37. One of the advantages the extended family has over the nuclear family is

A. persistent quarrelling in the family
B. over-reliance on a few rich people
C. having little privacy for its members
D. opportunity to associate with more people.

38. Leisure is best used to

A. perform house chores
B. attend church service
C. acquire new skills
D. attend extra classes

39. The presence of a shrine is a characteristic of

A. Christian neighbourhood
B. traditional neighbourhood
C. Islamic neighbourhood
D. religious neighbourhood

40. The Asafo Youth Movements do not promote

A. unity among its members
B. selflessness among its members
C. regular attendance at church service.
D. the spirit of law abiding among its members.

PAPER 2
ESSAY
SECTION A

RELIGION
Answer one question only from this section

QUESTION 1

(a) Describe the call of Moses by God

  1. While tending the flock of his father-in-law at Mt. Horeb, Moses experienced the presence of God (burning bush).
  2. Frightened, Moses turned to look at the burning bush
  3. But Moses was prevented from drawing close
  4. He was asked to remove his sandals because the place was holy ground
  5. God told Moses that He had seen the suffering of the Hebrews in Egypt.
  6. And He had come to save them.
  7. Moses was to bring the people to the land of Canaan, a land flowing with milk and honey
  8. Moses protested that he was not qualified for the task
  9. God said He would be with him
  10. Moses asked for God’s name in order to tell the people.
  11. God replied, “I am who I am”, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
  12. Moses was to go to Pharaoh with the elders to ask permission to sacrifice to God in the wilderness.
  13. Moses would be assisted by his brother Aaron
  14. God said, Pharaoh would resist but He would perform wonders to break Pharaoh’s spirit.
  15. After the release, God said, the Hebrew would come and serve him on Mt. Horeb.

(b) What three lessons can be learnt from the life of Moses?

  1. He was a true patriot who identified with his people and defended their rights.
  2. He was ready to risk his life to save them from oppression.
  3. He was a man of perseverance or courage, for he did not give up in the face of opposition.
  4. He was a very committed leader
  5. He trusted in God to deliver his people or he was obedient or humble
  6. He was an excellent mediator who was prepared to die in order to secure forgiveness for his people.
  7. He was great teacher, instructor and counselor.
  8. He was curious.

QUESTION 2

(a)Explain the following types of prayer in Islam:

(i) Jumu’ah:
It is a congregational prayer
It is performed on Friday
It is performed between 1 – 1:30 pm or Zuhr
It is followed by a sermon

(ii) Tarawih:
It is observed during the month of Ramadan.
It is performed after the Isha Prayer
It is a mid-night prayer

(iii) Tahajjud:
It is pre-dawn prayer (after mid night) especially during the last 10 days of Ramadan
It is said in anticipation of the night of power

(iv)Janazah:
It is the prayer service for the dead body of a Muslim before it is buried or
It is performed while standing
It is to usher the dead into Paradise
It seeks pardon for the dead

(b) State four things that spoil Wudu.

  1. If one falls asleep
  2. If one attends to the call of nature
  3. If one touches his private parts with his bare hands.
  4. If one indulges in sexual intercourse or masturbates
  5. If one is doubtful about whether his/her Wudu is spoilt or not.
  6. If one loses his/her sense as a result of fainting/unconsciousness
  7. If one fluctuates
  8. If one urinates
  9. Menstruation
  10. Vomiting

QUESTION 3

(a) Explain four features of traditional religious homes

  1. The extended family members live together
  2. Members learn about their religion through oral tradition.
  3. Offering of libation and tradition religious sacrifices or divination are common.
  4. Adult members of the family take great care to ensure the religious and moral upbringing of the children.
  5. Images or statues of gods, religious objects are also common in traditional homes e.g amulets
  6. There are numerous taboos to be obeyed by members.
  7. In the evening, the children group themselves to tell “Ananse” stories and tell folktales or sing dirges and folk songs or play tradition games
  8. They also learn about their cultures and tradition.
  9. Members in the traditional homes live communal lives. In times of need, those who have are always prepared to help the have-nots.
  10. Traditional religious festivals are celebrated in traditional homes and neighborhoods.

(b) State four benefits that can be derived from interacting with members of other religions.

  1. Helps promote religious tolerance
  2. Fosters unity and peaceful co-existence
  3. Broadens the range of friendship
  4. Helps us to know members of other religions very well.
  5. Helps us to understand and appreciate other people’s religious very well.
  6. Helps us to respect and accept members of other religious families or faith.
  7. Encourages communal spirit and healthy relationship which help to develop our society.
  8. Helps to check anti-social practices like religious conflicts, murder, gossiping, etc.
  9. People are prepared to come together to help during crises like bush fires, floods and other natural disasters.
  10. It is constitutional requirement i.e freedom of worship.

SECTION B
MORAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this section

QUESTION 4

(a) Explain four ways by which people can comport themselves.

  1. Control of one’s temper
  2. One must be patient no matter how bad the situation is.
  3. Paying attention in class, church, mosque, etc.
  4. Urinating and easing one’s self at authorized place only
  5. Must not throw things from a moving vehicle onto the streets or litter the environment.
  6. Must show joy and enthusiasm at appropriate places and occasions.
  7. Must be have well during sporting activities or all the time
  8. Should no talk on top of your voice when travelling on a public transport
  9. Pupils must obey their schools authorities or parents and elders.
  10. Decent dressing
  11. Good eating habits
  12. Showing respect to all people.
  13. Avoiding hooliganism

(b) StateĀ fourĀ reasons why you should comport yourself.

  1. Helps people to get some opportunities of favours or blessing or rewards.
  2. Helps people to become trust worthy or reliable.
  3. People are loved and accepted by the elderly.
  4. It brings about peace and unity or mutual respect or self-dignity in the society
  5. People are respected and considered to be good citizens or role models
  6. Promote good relationship among people.
  7. Brings decency in society
  8. Brings progress and development in the society
  9. Ensures good sportsmanship during sports and promotion
  10. A criterion for assessing one’s character and promotion
  11. A command from God.

QUESTION 5

(a) Describe four processes involved in showing repentance

  1. Realizing one’s fault or wrong and accept full responsibility
  2. Showing regret for doing wrong
  3. Request for pardon or forgiveness.
  4. Avoid doing the wrong thing again
  5. Learning to say “sorry” or “I am sorry”.
  6. Living in accordance with the wishes of one’s object of worship

(b) Outline four reasons for showing regret for one’s wrong deeds.

  1. Leads to reconciliation i.e. repairs broken relationship with God and man
  2. Promotes unity and peace
  3. Enables one to receive forgiveness or pardon.
  4. Saves a person from eternal punishment
  5. Saves one from sin
  6. Attracts both material and spiritual blessing
  7. Leads to confidence i.e. we can easily approach the person we have wronged.

QUESTION 6

(a)State three main reasons each why rules and regulations are useful

(i) at home

  1. Helps in the normal upbringing of children at home, e.g. avoid the use of bad language, fighting, telling lies, gossiping, etc.
  2. Helps members of family to distinguish between right and wrong
  3. Prevents disgrace and embarrassment to the family.
  4. Enhances belief or harmonious living in the family.
  5. Promotes discipline in the family
  6. Reduces conflicts in the family
  7. Helps children to respect their parents or elders.
  8. Children are enabled to carry on their house hold chores.

(ii) in the community

  1. It prevents chaos in the society
  2. It helps us to live in a very safe and happy environment
  3. It guides our behavior and activity or distinguish between right and wrong
  4. It helps us to achieve our aims and goals in life
  5. Ensures peace and harmony and progress in society.
  6. It helps one to escape punishment
  7. It promotes discipline
  8. It helps us to participate in communal labour.
  9. It helps us to obey bye-laws and taboos.
  10. It enables us to line peacefully in the society

(b) Outline four benefits of taking instructions from elders.

  1. Blessing or goodwill from God, parents and elders.
  2. Possibility of becoming good future leaders.
  3. Leaders to attainment of long life according to God’s commandment
  4. Brings honour and respect to the family
  5. Brings joy, happiness and comfort
  6. Brings peace and progress
  7. Reduces conflicts and disputes among people.
  8. Makes one reliable and responsible in life
  9. One receives prizes, gifts and rewards
  10. One is recommended for higher responsibilities
  11. Attracts love and admiration from people around.
  12. Helps to mould behavior or character.
  13. Helps us to achieve our aims and objectives in life.
  14. Prevents confusion and chaos in society.

SECTION C
SOCIAL LIFE
Answer one question only from this section

QUESTION 7

(a) List four factors that promote good family relationship.

  1. Being obedient to parents and grandparents.
  2. Giving support to parents and grandparents.
  3. Helping parents with household chores.
  4. Showing love, kindness, appreciation and mercy to members of the household.
  5. Learning to forgive one another.
  6. Allowing free and open discussions on issues before taking decisions.

(b) Explain four benefits or healthy relationship among family members.

  1. It helps us to grow in our relationship with God
  2. It promotes peace or harmony or stability or progress at home
  3. It brings unity among family members.
  4. Children feel happy at home or sense of belongingness or we-feeling
  5. The poor and elderly are supported financially by other members.
  6. Members are protected by each other.
  7. Promotes progress and development
  8. Fulfills God’s commandment and direction
  9. Promotes resource mobilization.

QUESTION 8

(a) Outline four reasons why naming ceremony is important in your community.

  1. Performed to welcome a child formally into a family
  2. Gives recognition or identity to a child as human being
  3. Blessing are sought from the Supreme God, lesser gods, deities and ancestors.
  4. A child is named after a good living person or an ancestor to enable the child his/her virtuous qualities
  5. The ceremony strengthens the rich Ghanaians culture
  6. By giving a baby a name, he/she perpetuates the family’s name
  7. Brings family and friends together to share in the merry-making
  8. The occasion is used to provide financial support to the child’s parents.
  9. Reaffirms the important values in the community
  10. Promote unity or solidarity
  11. Promotes socialization or introduces the child to good moral values such as truthfulness, hard work, etc.
  12. Gives legitimacy to the child

(b) State four factors to be considered when choosing a name for a child

  1. Week day on which the child was born
  2. The family name to be given to the child
  3. The occasion or period or circumstances within which the child was born
  4. Twins or triplet children
  5. Whether the child is a male or a female
  6. Special by-names associated with week-day names eg. Kwaku Bonsam, Yaw Preko, etc
  7. Order of birth e.g. Mansa, Nkrumah, Badu, etc
  8. Religious affiliation or faith
  9. Tribal or ethnic affiliation
  10. Ancestral name depending on good moral character.
  11. Names given to express love or appreciation or fulfillment of a vow.
  12. Names may also be adopted e.g. names of chiefs.